Isabella II


Isabella II

born Oct. 10, 1830, Madrid, Spain
died April 9, 1904, Paris, France

Queen of Spain (1833–68).

She was the daughter of Ferdinand VII, and the issue of her succession to the throne precipitated the First Carlist War (see Carlism). During her minority (1833–43), her mother and Baldomero Espartero acted as regents; in 1843 Espartero was deposed by military officers, and Isabella was declared of age. Liberal opposition to the regime's authoritarianism, scandalous reports about her private life, and her arbitrary political interference led to the Revolution of 1868, which drove her into exile. She abdicated in favour of her son, Alfonso XII.

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▪ queen of Jerusalem
original name  Yolande de Brienne  
born 1212
died May 1, 1228, Palermo, kingdom of Sicily

      queen of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem (1212–28) and consort of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick II.

      The daughter of John of Brienne and Mary (Marie) of Montferrat, Isabella inherited the throne on her mother's death in 1212, but her father ruled as regent and guardian and even continued to style himself as king (though he had been legally only king consort).

      In 1225 Isabella married the emperor Frederick II, Pope Honorius III hoping by this bond to attach the emperor firmly to the Crusade in the Holy Land. Immediately upon his marriage, Frederick demanded all the rights of sovereignty in the kingdom of Jerusalem, which he claimed to exercise in his wife's name. His action led to difficulties with John of Brienne, who did not relish the loss of his position. When Isabella died in 1228 after the birth of a son, Conrad, Frederick then continued to claim the throne of Jerusalem, though not without opposition.

▪ queen of Spain

born Oct. 10, 1830, Madrid
died April 9, 1904, Paris

      queen of Spain (1833–68) whose troubled reign was marked by political instability and the rule of military politicians. Isabella's failure to respond to growing demands for a more progressive regime, her questionable private life, and her political irresponsibility contributed to the decline in monarchical strength and prestige that led to her deposition in the Revolution of 1868.

      The elder daughter of Ferdinand VII by his fourth wife, María Cristina, Isabella was proclaimed queen on her father's death in 1833. Her right to succeed to the throne was disputed by supporters of her uncle, Don Carlos, and her accession precipitated civil war (First Carlist War, 1833–39). During Isabella's minority (1833–43), her mother and Gen. Baldomero Espartero (Espartero, Baldomero, príncipe de Vergara), a hero of the civil war, acted successively as regents. In 1843 Espartero was deposed by military officers and Isabella was declared of age.

      The period of Isabella's personal rule (1843–68) was characterized by political unrest and a series of uprisings. Her government was dominated by military politicians, most notably Gen. Ramón María Narváez (Narváez, Ramón María, duque de Valencia) and the somewhat more liberal Gen. Leopoldo O'Donnell (O'Donnell, Leopoldo, Duque De Tetuán). Liberal opposition to the regime's authoritarianism became increasingly directed at the Queen. Scandalous reports on the private conduct of Isabella, who lived apart from her husband, Francisco de Asís de Borbón, as well as her arbitrary political interference, further damaged the monarchical cause. The abortive uprising of 1866, and the deaths of O'Donnell (1867) and Narváez (1868), weakened her position further. In the autumn of 1868 a successful revolution drove her into exile.

      Isabella settled in Paris, where in 1870 she abdicated in favour of her eldest surviving son, the future Alfonso XII (1874–85). She returned to Spain for a time after Alfonso's accession but was unsuccessful in influencing political affairs.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Isabella — Isabella1 [iz΄ə bel′ə] n. [It] a feminine name: dim. Bella: see ISABEL Isabella2 [iz΄ə bel′ə] 1. Isabella I 1451 1504; wife of Ferdinand V & queen of Castile (1474 1504): gave help to Columbus in his expedition: called Isabella of Castile 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Isabella — (Кастелламмаре дель Гольфо,Италия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Contrada Cast …   Каталог отелей

  • Isabella — Is a*bel la, n., Isabella color Is a*bel la col or [Said to be named from the Spanish princess Isabella, daughter of king Philip II., in allusion to the color assumed by her shift, which she wore without change from 1601 to 1604, in consequence… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Isabella I. — Isabella I. ist der Name folgender Personen: Isabella I. (Jerusalem) (1170–1205), Königin von Jerusalem Isabella I. (Kastilien) (1451–1504), Königin von Kastilien und Königin von Aragón Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isabella II. — Isabella II. ist der Name folgender Personen: Isabella II. (Jerusalem) (1212–1228), Königin von Jerusalem Isabella II. (Spanien) (1830–1904), Königin von Spanien Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isabella — (Торре Мелисса,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Contrada Valle Di Casa, 88814 Торре Мелисса …   Каталог отелей

  • Isabella [2] — Isabella (span. u. portug. Isabél, soviel wie Elisabeth), Königinnen von Spanien: 1) I. von Kastilien, Tochter des Königs Johann II. von Kastilien und Leon, geb. 22. April 1451, gest. 26. Nov. 1504 in Medina del Campo, vermählte sich 1469 mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Isabella II — Isabella II. (Maria Luise), Königin von Spanien, geb. 10. Oct. 1830, Tochter Ferdinand VII., der zu ihren Gunsten das salische Erbfolgegesetz aufhob, erbte den Thron bei dessen Tode den 29. Sept. 1833 und mit ihm Revolutionen und Bürgerkriege.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Isabella [1] — Isabella (span.), so v.w. Elisabeth; 1) St. J., geb. 1271, Tochter Peters III. von Aragonien; wurde 1281 mit Dionysius I. von Portugal vermählt u. st. in dem, von ihr erbauten St. Clarenkloster zu Coimbra 1336. Sie wurde 1506 beatisirt u. 1625… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon