Irigoyen, Hipólito

Irigoyen, Hipólito
or Hipólito Yrigoyen

born July 12, 1852, Buenos Aires, Arg.
died July 3, 1933, Buenos Aires

Argentine statesman and president (1916–22, 1928–30).

A lawyer, teacher, rancher, and politician, he became leader of the Radical Party in 1896. Working relentlessly for electoral reform, he succeeded in 1912 in securing a secret-ballot vote. When he was elected president in 1916, he passed measures regulating labour conditions but failed to enforce them, and a serious strike was violently broken in 1919. Corruption and the failure to implement democratic reforms cost him support after his return to power in 1928, and he was further weakened by the Great Depression. A nearly bloodless military coup ended his career.

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▪ president of Argentina
Irigoyen also spelled  Yrigoyen  
born July 12, 1852, Buenos Aires, Arg.
died July 3, 1933, Buenos Aires

      Argentine statesman who became his country's first president elected by broad popular suffrage. He was driven from office during his second term by a military coup in 1930.

      Irigoyen became a lawyer, teacher, rancher, and politician and in 1896 took control of the centre-left Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical; UCR) from its founder, his uncle Leandro N. Alem. His relentless effort to obtain free elections succeeded in winning from the conservative oligarchy the Sáenz Peña Law (1912). Under this provision for the secret ballot, he was elected president. During his term (1916–22) he and his Radical Party followers in Congress maintained Argentina's neutrality in World War I. Measures regulating labour conditions were also passed, but these were not strongly enforced, and in 1919 a serious strike, in part politically inspired, was violently broken by the government.

      Reelected overwhelmingly in 1928, despite the opposition of his former close associate, Marcelo T. de Alvear, who had served as president from 1922 to 1928, the increasingly senile Irigoyen lost his grip on affairs. Corruption and stagnation within his administration cost him much support, which went over to the opposition formed by his long-time conservative enemies. The Great Depression that began in 1929 further weakened his position, and a relatively bloodless conservative military coup in 1930 ended his career.

      Austere in personal life and obscure in many of his public declarations, Irigoyen failed to implement in Argentina the democratic reforms that he had advocated before reaching power.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Irigoyen, Hipólito — ► (1850 1933) Político argentino. Fue presidente de la República en 1916 y en 1928. * * * o Hipólito Yrigoyen (12 jul. 1852, Buenos Aires, Argentina–3 jul. 1933, Buenos Aires). Hombre de estado y presidente argentino (1916–22, 1928–30). Abogado,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Irigoyen — Irigoyen, Bernardo de Irigoyen, Hipólito …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hipolito Yrigoyen — Hipólito Yrigoyen Yrigoyen, Hipólito 1893 Hipólito Yrigoyen (12 juillet 1852 3 juillet 1933), homme politique argentin, deux fois président de son pays du 12 octobre 1916 au 12 octobre 1922 et du 12 octobre 1928 au 6 septembre1930 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irigoyen — steht für: die Personen Adam Irigoyen (* 1997), US amerikanischer Schauspieler und Synchronsprecher Bernardo de Irigoyen (1822–1906), argentinischer Jurist, Politiker und Diplomat Hipólito Yrigoyen (1852–1933), argentinischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hipólito Yrigoyen (Santa Cruz) — Hipólito Yrigoyen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hipólito Yrigoyen — Para otros usos de este término, véase Hipólito Yrigoyen (desambiguación). Hipólito Yrigoyen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hipólito Yrigoyen — Traduction à relire Hipólito Yrigoyen → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hipólito Yrigoyen — Infobox President name=Hipólito Yrigoyen nationality=Argentine order=21st President of Argentina 2 Term term start=October 12, 1928 term end= September 6, 1930 predecessor=Marcelo T. de Alvear successor=José Félix Uriburu birth date=July 12, 1852 …   Wikipedia

  • Irigoyen — Por Irigoyen puede entenderse: Las siguientes personas: el diplómatico y botánico argentino Luis H. Irigoyen; el político Luis Irigoyen, gobernador español de Texas entre 1798 1800; el político argentino Manuel de Irigoyen, gobernador de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hipólito Yrigoyen (desambiguación) — En la Argentina por Hipólito Yrigoyen puede entenderse: Hipólito Yrigoyen, maestro y político, dos veces presidente de la Argentina; Hipólito Yrigoyen, partido de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Hipólito Yrigoyen, localidad de la… …   Wikipedia Español


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