Ireton, Henry


Ireton, Henry
died Nov. 28, 1651, Limerick, County Limerick, Ire.

English politician, leader of the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil Wars.

Joining the Parliamentary army at the outbreak of war, he was involved in many victories. He was elected to Parliament in 1645 and married Oliver Cromwell's daughter in 1646. In 1647 he proposed a scheme for a constitutional monarchy; after its rejection by Charles I, Ireton provided the ideological foundations for the assault on the monarchy. He helped bring Charles to trial and was one of the signers of his death warrant. As lord deputy of Ireland and commander in chief (1650), he fought against the Roman Catholic rebels and died after the siege of Limerick.

* * *

▪ British statesman
born 1611, Attenborough, Nottinghamshire, Eng.
died Nov. 28, 1651, Limerick, County Limerick, Ire.
 English soldier and statesman, a leader of the Parliamentary cause during the Civil Wars (English Civil Wars) between the Royalists and Parliamentarians.

      At the outbreak of the Civil War, Ireton joined the Parliamentary army. In November 1642 he commanded a cavalry force in the indecisive Battle of Edgehill, Worcestershire. The following year he met and befriended Oliver Cromwell, then a colonel in the army of eastern England. Cromwell appointed Ireton deputy governor of the Isle of Ely in 1644, and Ireton fought at the Parliamentary victories at Marston Moor, Yorkshire (July 1644), and Naseby, Northamptonshire (June 1645). In the summer of 1646 he married Cromwell's eldest daughter, Bridget.

      Although Ireton's military record was distinguished, he earned his fame in politics. Elected to Parliament in 1645, he looked on while a conflict developed between the Independents in the army and the Presbyterians who controlled the House of Commons. In 1647 Ireton presented his “Heads of the Proposals,” a constitutional scheme calling for division of political power among army, Parliament, and king and advocating religious tolerance for Anglicans and Puritans. These proposals for a constitutional monarchy were rejected by the king. At the same time they were attacked by the Levelers, a group that called for manhood suffrage and an unfettered liberty of conscience in matters of religion.

      Ireton then turned against the king. When the Independents in the army triumphed over Parliament during the second phase of the Civil War, his “Remonstrance of the Army” provided the ideological foundation for the assault on the monarchy. He helped to bring Charles to trial and was one of the signatories of the king's death warrant. From 1649 to 1651 Ireton prosecuted the government's cause against Roman Catholic rebels in Ireland, becoming lord deputy of Ireland and acting commander in chief in 1650. He died after the siege of Limerick.

Additional Reading
Robert William Ramsey, Henry Ireton (1949).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ireton, Henry — (1611, Attenborough, Nottinghamshire, Inglaterra–28 nov. 1651, Limerick, condado Limerick, Irlanda). Político inglés, líder de la causa parlamentaria en las guerras civiles inglesas. Cuando estalló el conflicto, se unió al ejército parlamentario… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • IRETON, HENRY —    born at Altenborough, Notts; graduated at Cambridge 1629, and studied law; on outbreak of Civil War he joined the Parliamentarian party, and marrying Cromwell s daughter acquired great influence; took a leading part in the prosecution of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Henry Ireton — Retrato de Henry Ireton, posiblemente realizado por Robert Walker. Actualmente se exhibe en la National Portrait Gallery de Londres …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Ireton — (* 1611 in Attenborough, Nottinghamshire; † 26. November 1651) war Freund und Schwiegersohn Oliver Cromwells und General der Parlamentsarmeen im Englischen Bürgerkrieg. Ireton, ursprünglich ein Rechtsgelehrter, trat bei Ausbruch des Bürgerkriegs… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • henry — /hen ree/, n., pl. henries, henrys. Elect. the SI unit of inductance, formally defined to be the inductance of a closed circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt is produced when the electric current in the circuit varies uniformly at a …   Universalium

  • Henry — /hen ree/, n. 1. Joseph, 1797 1878, U.S. physicist. 2. O., pen name of William Sydney Porter. 3. Patrick, 1736 99, American patriot, orator, and statesman. 4. Cape, a cape in SE Virginia at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. 5. Fort. See …   Universalium

  • Henry — ► sustantivo masculino ELECTRICIDAD Denominación del henrio en la nomenclatura internacional. IRREG. plural henrys * * * henrio o henry (de J. Henry, físico inglés) m. Fís. Unidad de inductancia eléctrica en el Sistema Internacional. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • henry — ► sustantivo masculino ELECTRICIDAD Denominación del henrio en la nomenclatura internacional. IRREG. plural henrys * * * henrio o henry (de J. Henry, físico inglés) m. Fís. Unidad de inductancia eléctrica en el Sistema Internacional. * * * henry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ireton (Iowa) — Ireton Lage in Iowa Basisd …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Ireton — (1611 26 novembre 1651) était un général de la New Model Army durant la Première révolution anglaise. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! En 1650, il succède à Oliver… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.