- Hōryū Temple
Japanese Hōryū-jiBuddhist complex near Nara, Japan, comprising the oldest known wood buildings in the world.The temple was founded by Prince Shōtoku in 607 during the Asuka period, destroyed by fire in 670, and reconstructed с 680–708. It retains the chū-mon (middle gate) of the roofed cloister enclosing the rectangular temple precinct, a five-storied pagoda, and a kondō (main hall).
* * *Japanese Hōryū-ji, also called Ikarugadera,Japanese Buddhist temple complex in the town of Ikaruga, northwestern Nara ken (prefecture), west-central Honshu, Japan. One of the Seven Great Temples of Nara, the Hōryū is also the centre of the Shōtoku sect of Buddhism. The temple was one of some 48 Buddhist monuments in the area that were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1993.Beginning about AD 600, a number of Buddhist monuments were constructed by order of the prince Shōtoku (Shōtoku Taishi) (Shōtoku, Taishi), regent of the empress Suiko. These structures included both palaces and temples built in the style of Chinese Buddhist architecture. The original Hōryū Temple was built between 601 and 607. A fire in 670 destroyed the site, which was subsequently rebuilt and enlarged. Several structures—a five-story pagoda, the chū-mon (“middle gate”), part of the enclosing rectangular corridor, and the kondō (“main hall”)—have survived from that rebuilding and are among the oldest extant wooden structures in the world. Many of Hōryū Temple's 45 buildings are now listed as National Treasures of Japan. Because structures were added from the 7th through the 19th century, the monuments of the Hōryū Temple area are regarded as a representation of the growth of Buddhism on the Japanese archipelago.The Hōryū compound amassed a large collection of Buddhist as well as secular art over the centuries. Much of this venerated Shōtoku after his death in 622. A large quantity of these objects were moved in the 1880s to the Hōryū-ji Treasure House on the grounds of the Tokyo National Museum. In 1941, commemorating the 1,350th anniversary of the death of Shōtoku, a museum was built in Ikaruga to house other works of art, religious objects, and artifacts found in the monuments of the region.
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temple — temple1 templed, adj. templelike, adj. /tem peuhl/, n. 1. an edifice or place dedicated to the service or worship of a deity or deities. 2. (usually cap.) any of the three successive houses of worship in Jerusalem in use by the Jews in Biblical… … Universalium
Temple — /tem peuhl/, n. 1. Shirley (Shirley Temple Black), born 1928, U.S. film actress, famous for child roles during the 1930s, and diplomat. 2. Sir William, 1628 99, English essayist and diplomat. 3. a city in central Texas. 42,483. * * * I Edifice… … Universalium
Horyu-ji — Hōryū ji Monuments bouddhiques de la région d Horyu ji 1 Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO Temple Latitude Longitude … Wikipédia en Français
Hôryu-ji — Hōryū ji Monuments bouddhiques de la région d Horyu ji 1 Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO Temple Latitude Longitude … Wikipédia en Français
Hôryû-ji — Hōryū ji Monuments bouddhiques de la région d Horyu ji 1 Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO Temple Latitude Longitude … Wikipédia en Français
Hōryū-Ji — Monuments bouddhiques de la région d Horyu ji 1 Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO Temple Latitude Longitude … Wikipédia en Français
Hōryū-ji — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu ji Area State Party = JPN Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iv, vi ID = 660 Region = Asia Pacific Year = 1993 Session = 17th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/660nihongo|Hōryū… … Wikipedia
Hōryū-ji — Monuments bouddhiques de la région d Horyu ji * … Wikipédia en Français
Temple — A temple (from the Latin word templum ) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities, such as prayer and sacrifice, or analogous rites. A ‘’templum’’ constituted a sacred precinct as defined by a priest, or augur. It has the same … Wikipedia
Monuments bouddhiques de la région d'Horyu-ji — Hōryū ji Monuments bouddhiques de la région d Horyu ji 1 Patrimoine mondial Temple Latitude Longitude … Wikipédia en Français