Hutchinson, Anne


Hutchinson, Anne
orig. Anne Marbury

(baptized July 20, 1591, Alford, Lincolnshire, Eng.
died August or September 1643, Pelham Bay, N.Y.) Anglo-American religious leader.

In 1612 she married William Hutchinson, and they followed John Cotton to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634. She organized weekly meetings of Boston women to discuss recent sermons and to express their own theological views. Before long, ministers and magistrates were attracted to her sessions, at which she criticized the narrow Puritan orthodoxy and espoused a "covenant of grace." Her opponents accused her of believing that God's grace had freed Christians from the need to observe established moral precepts. Tried for "traducing the ministers," she was sentenced to banishment; refusing to recant, she was excommunicated. In 1638 she and her husband established a colony at Aquidneck Island, which became part of Rhode Island.

* * *

▪ American religious leader
née  Anne Marbury 
baptized July 20, 1591, Alford, Lincolnshire, England
died August or September 1643, Pelham Bay, New York [U.S.]
 religious liberal who became one of the founders of Rhode Island after her banishment from Massachusetts Bay Colony.

      Anne Marbury was the daughter of a silenced clergyman and grew up in an atmosphere of learning. She married William Hutchinson, a merchant, in 1612, and in 1634 they migrated to Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne Hutchinson soon organized weekly meetings of Boston women to discuss recent sermons and to give expression to her own theological views. Before long her sessions attracted ministers and magistrates as well. She stressed the individual's intuition as a means of reaching God and salvation, rather than the observance of institutionalized beliefs and the precepts of ministers. Her opponents accused her of antinomianism—the view that God's grace has freed the Christian from the need to observe established moral precepts.

      Hutchinson's criticism of the Massachusetts Puritans for what she considered to be their narrowly legalistic concept of morality and her protests against the authority of the clergy were at first widely supported by Bostonians. John Winthrop (Winthrop, John), however, opposed her, and she lost much of her support after he won election as governor. She was tried by the General Court chiefly for “traducing the ministers,” was convicted in 1637, and was sentenced to banishment. For a time in 1637–38 she was held in custody at the house of Joseph Weld, marshal of Roxbury, Massachusetts. Refusing to recant, she was then tried before the Boston Church and formally excommunicated.

      With some of her followers Hutchinson established a settlement (now Portsmouth) on the island of Aquidneck (now part of Rhode Island) in 1638. After the death of her husband in 1642, she settled on Long Island Sound, near present Pelham Bay, New York. In 1643 she and all her servants and children save one were killed by Indians, an event regarded by some in Massachusetts as a manifestation of divine judgment.

Additional Reading
David D. Hall (ed.), The Antinomian Controversy, 1636–1638, 2nd ed. (1990), collects documents including the records of Hutchinson's court examination. Selma R. Williams, Divine Rebel (1981); and Francis J. Bremer (ed.), Anne Hutchinson, Troubler of the Puritan Zion (1981), discuss her life.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hutchinson,Anne — Hutchinson, Anne. 1591 1643. English born American colonist and religious leader who was banished from Boston (1637) for her religious beliefs, which included an emphasis on personal intuition as a means toward salvation. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hutchinson, Anne — (15 91 16 4 3)    religious dissident in colonial New England    Anne Hutchinson, a leading dissenter in early 17th century Puritan Massachusetts, has been recognized in the 20th century as a pioneer Christian feminist. Hutchinson was born Anne… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Hutchinson, Anne — orig. Anne Marbury (bautizada 20 jul. 1591, Alford, Lincolnshire, Inglaterra –ago. o sep. 1643, Pelham Bay, N.Y., EE.UU.). Dirigente religiosa angloamericana. En 1612 se casó con William Hutchinson y en 1634 ambos siguieron a John Cotton a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HUTCHINSON, ANNE —    a religious fanatic, born in England, settled in New England, U.S.; expelled from the colony for Antinomian heresy, took refuge in Rhode Island, and was with her family butchered by the Indians (1590 1643) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Anne Hutchinson — (July 20, 1591 – August 20, 1643) was the unauthorized Puritan minister of a dissident church discussion group and a pioneer settler in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Netherlands. Her brilliant mind and kindness won admiration and a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hutchinson — /huch in seuhn/, n. 1. Anne Marbury /mahr beuh ree/, 1591 1643, American religious liberal, born in England: banished from Massachusetts 1637. 2. Thomas, 1711 80, American colonial administrator: royal governor of Massachusetts 1769 74; in exile… …   Universalium

  • Anne Hutchinson — Le procès d Anne Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson (juillet 1591, juillet 1643) est une puritaine dissidente de la Colonie de la baie du Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson affirme que la Bible peut être interprétée individuellement, par elle comme par toute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anne — /an/, n. 1. 1665 1714, queen of England 1702 14 (daughter of James II of England). 2. a female given name, form of Anna. * * * I born Feb. 6, 1665, London, Eng. died Aug. 1, 1714, London Queen of Great Britain (1702–14) and the last Stuart… …   Universalium

  • Anne — (as used in expressions) Bradstreet, Anne Anne Dudley Camargo, Marie (Anne de Cupis de) Corday (d Armont), (Marie Anne) Charlotte Ferraro, Geraldine (Anne) Hébert, Anne Hutchinson, Anne Anne Marbury Montmorency, Anne, duque de Alice Anne Laidlaw… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hutchinson — (as used in expressions) Hutchinson, Anne Hutchinson, familia Hutchinson, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.