- Hunter, John
born Feb. 13, 1728, Long Calderwood, Lanarkshire, Scot.died Oct. 16, 1793, London, Eng.British surgeon.He never attempted to become a medical doctor but assisted in the preparation of dissections for a course of anatomy taught by his brother William Hunter. In the early 1770s he began giving his own lectures on surgery, and in 1776 he was named surgeon extraordinary to George III. He carried out many highly diverse and important studies in comparative biology, anatomy, physiology, and pathology and is considered the founder of pathological anatomy in Britain. He was an important influence on Edward Jenner.
* * *▪ British surgeonborn Feb. 13, 1728, Long Calderwood, Lanarkshire, Scot.died Oct. 16, 1793, London, Eng.surgeon, founder of pathological anatomy in England, and early advocate of investigation and experimentation. He also carried out many important studies and experiments in comparative aspects of biology, anatomy, physiology, and pathology.Hunter never completed a course of studies in any university, and, as was common for surgeons during the 18th century, he never attempted to become a doctor of medicine. He went to London in 1748 to assist in the preparation of dissections for the course of anatomy taught by his brother William, a famed obstetrician. For 11 winters he studied anatomy in his brother's dissecting rooms, and in the summers of 1749 and 1750 he learned surgery from William Cheselden at Chelsea Hospital.In 1753 he was elected a master of anatomy at Surgeon's Hall, responsible for reading lectures. He began his own private lectures on the principles and practice of surgery in the early 1770s. In addition, he had teaching duties from 1768 at St. George's Hospital, to which he had been elected surgeon in 1758. In 1760 Hunter accepted a commission as an army surgeon. He returned to London in 1763, where he continued in private practice until his death. In 1776 he was named surgeon extraordinary to King George III.Hunter not only made specific contributions of great importance in surgery but also attained for surgery the dignity of a scientific profession, basing its practice on a vast body of general biological principles. In an attempt to demonstrate that gonorrhea and syphilis are manifestations of a single disease, he inoculated a subject (sometimes said to have been himself) with pus from a person with gonorrhea. The subject developed symptoms of both diseases.Hunter wrote The Natural History of the Human Teeth (1771), A Treatise on the Venereal Disease (1786), and Observations on Certain Parts of the Animal Oeconomy (1786). A Treatise on the Blood, Inflammation, and Gun-shot Wounds was published posthumously in 1794. Hunter's vast collection of anatomical and pathological specimens was bought by Parliament for the Royal College of Surgeons in 1799.
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HUNTER John — (1728 1793)(retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/h/hu.htm#hunterw]: anatomista y cirujano inglés. Acuñó el término glositis de Hunter Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 … Diccionario médico
Hunter, John — (13 feb. 1728, Long Calderwood, Lanarkshire, Escocia–16 oct. 1793, Londres, Inglaterra). Cirujano británico. Nunca intentó ser doctor en medicina, pero ayudaba en la preparación de disecciones para un curso de anatomía que dictaba su hermano… … Enciclopedia Universal
HUNTER, JOHN — anatomist and surgeon, born near East Kilbride, Lanarkshire; started practice as a surgeon in London, became surgeon to St. George s Hospital, and at length surgeon to the king; is distinguished for his operations in the cure of aneurism; he… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
HUNTER, John Irvine (1898-1924) — anatomist was born at Bendigo, Victoria, on 24 January 1898. His father, Henry Hunter, who married Isabella Hodgson, was an unsuccessful small merchant. When about eight years of age Hunter had a severe illness, was sent to recuperate with an… … Dictionary of Australian Biography
HUNTER, John (1737-1821) — second governor of New South Wales was born on 29 August 1737, at Leith, Scotland. The date usually given is 1738, but F. M. Bladen, in Journal and Proceedings Royal Australian Historical Society, vol. I, states that he was christened at Leith on … Dictionary of Australian Biography
John Irvine Hunter — (24 January 1898 ndash; 10 December 1924) was an Australian professor of Anatomy. Hunter was born in Bendigo, Victoria, the third son of Henry Hunter, an unsuccessful small merchant, and Isabella (née Hodgson). When about eight years of age… … Wikipedia
John T. Hunter — Nacimiento 1932 Sydney Residencia Australia Nacionalidad australiano Campo botánico, profesor … Wikipedia Español
John Hunter — John Hunter. John Hunter (13 de febrero de 1728 16 de octubre de 1793), fue cirujano y anatomista, y padre de la aproximación experimental a la medicina. Contenido … Wikipedia Español
John hunter (chirurgien) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Hunter. John Hunter Gravure d après Joshua Reynolds … Wikipédia en Français
John Hunter (Australienpionier) — John Hunter John Hunter (* 1737 in Leith, Edinburgh; † 1821) war ein schottischer Australienpionier und von 1795 bis 1800 Gouverneur von New South Wales. Hunter kam 1787 mit der First Fleet als zweiter Kapitän der HMS Sirius nach Australie … Deutsch Wikipedia