Hugenberg, Alfred


Hugenberg, Alfred
born June 19, 1865, Hannover, Hannover
died March 12, 1951, Kükenbruch, W.Ger.

German industrialist and political leader.

As chairman of the Krupp family's industrial concern (1909–18), he built a huge newspaper and film empire and greatly influenced German public opinion during the Weimar Republic. As head of the conservative German National People's Party (from 1928), he contributed to Adolf Hitler's rise to power. In 1931 he formed an alliance of nationalist and conservative elements to topple the Weimar government; though his effort failed, large contributions from German industrialists aided the Nazi Party's growth. In 1933 he briefly served in Hitler's cabinet, but his party was dissolved that same year.

* * *

▪ German political leader
born June 19, 1865, Hannover, Hanover [Germany]
died March 12, 1951, Kükenbruch, W.Ger.

      German industrialist and political leader. As the head of a huge newspaper and film empire and a prominent member of the conservative German National Peoples' Party (German National People's Party), he exercised a profound influence on German public opinion during the Weimar Republic period (1918–33) and materially contributed to Adolf Hitler's rise to power.

      A businessman and cofounder of the nationalist Pan-German League, Hugenberg entered the Prussian finance ministry in 1903. From 1909 to 1918 he served as chairman of the board of directors of the huge Krupp industrial concern. From 1916 he built up enterprises that during the Weimar period came to encompass, among others, a significant share of Germany's newspapers, a wire service, and the UFA film company. An ambitious monarchist, Hugenberg joined the German National Peoples' Party in 1919 and became leader of its right wing, entering the Reichstag in 1920. As Germany's most powerful figure in the propaganda field, he launched vituperative campaigns against communism and social democracy as well as the Treaty of Versailles system and Germany's role in it. Hugenberg opposed the Pact of Locarno (Locarno, Pact of) (1925), which settled the western borders of Germany and hastened French withdrawal. As the leader of his party from 1928, he campaigned alongside the Nazis (Nazi Party) against the Young Plan of reparations. His uncompromising attitude led many of the Nationalists' more moderate elements to leave the party.

      Hoping to exploit Nazi successes at the polls for his own political ambitions, Hugenberg in 1931 formed the Harzburg Front, an alliance between nationalist, conservative elements and Hitler, to attempt to topple the government of Heinrich Brüning. He proved unable to manipulate the Nazis for his own ends, but the large contributions from German industrialists that flowed, after the Harzburg agreement, into Hitler's party treasury aided the Nazi Party's growth substantially. Entering Hitler's cabinet on Jan. 30, 1933, as minister of economy and food, Hugenberg still hoped to control the Nazis—an illusion soon shattered. He resigned on June 26, 1933, and his party was dissolved. Although Hugenberg remained a member of the Reichstag until 1945, he had no further political influence.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hugenberg, Alfred — (1865 1951)    politician and business leader; his radical nationalism, rooted in social Darwinism, served to undermine the Re public and expedite Hitler s* ascendancy. He was born to middle class circum stances in Hanover; his father sat in… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Hugenberg, Alfred — (19 jun. 1865, Hannover, Hannover–12 mar. 1951, Kükenbruch, Alemania Occidental). Industrial y dirigente político alemán. Como presidente del consorcio industrial de la familia Krupp (1909–18), construyó un enorme imperio periodístico y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Hugenberg — 1933 Alfred Ernst Christian Alexander Hugenberg (* 19. Juni 1865 in Hannover; † 12. März 1951 in Kükenbruch) war ein deutscher Montan , Rüstungs und Medienunternehmer, Politiker ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Hugenberg — Ministro de Economía y Agricultura 31 de enero de 1933 – 29 de junio de 1933 …   Wikipedia Español

  • HUGENBERG (A.) — HUGENBERG ALFRED (1865 1951) Un brillant mariage ouvre les plus grandes portes à ce fonctionnaire de l’État prussien. Membre actif de la Ligue pangermaniste, Alfred Hugenberg devient directeur du conseil d’administration de la firme Krupp pendant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alfred Ernst Rosenberg — Alfred Rosenberg (Januar 1941), Aufnahme aus dem Bundesarchiv Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (* 12. Januar 1893 in Reval, damals ein Teil von Russland, heute Tallinn, Estland; † 16. Oktober 1946 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hugenberg — Hugenberg,   Alfred, Wirtschaftsführer und Politiker, * Hannover 19. 6. 1865, ✝ Kükenbruch (heute zu Extertal) 12. 3. 1951; Verwaltungsjurist, beteiligte sich 1891 an der Gründung des »Alldeutschen Verbandes«. 1907/08 war er Direktor der Berg und …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alfred — /al fred, frid/, n. a male given name: from the Old English words meaning elf and counsel. * * * I known as Alfred the Great born 849 died 899 King of Wessex (871–99) in southwestern England. He joined his brother Ethelred I in confronting a… …   Universalium

  • Alfred — (as used in expressions) Adler, Alfred Ayer, Sir A(lfred) J(ules) Binet, Alfred Birney, (Alfred) Earle Blalock, Alfred Brauchitsch, (Heinrich Alfred) Walther von Alfred Bryant Renton Leonard Alfred Schneider Alfred Gerald Caplin Cerf, Bennett… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfred Hugenberg — Mandats Ministre du Reich à l …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.