- Hopewell culture
Most notable ancient Indian culture of east-central North America.It flourished с 200 BC–AD 500, chiefly in the Illinois and Ohio river valleys. (The name derives from a U.S. farm where the first site was explored.) The Hopewell Indians built earthen mounds for enclosure, burial, religious rites, and defense. Hopewell villages lay along rivers and streams. The inhabitants raised corn and possibly beans and squash but still relied upon hunting and gathering. They produced pottery and metalwork. Trade routes were evidently well developed. After AD 400 the distinctive features of the Hopewell culture gradually disappeared. See also Woodland culture.
* * *notable ancient Indian culture of the east-central area of North America. It flourished from about 200 BCE to 500 CE chiefly in what is now southern Ohio, with related groups in Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Pennsylvania, and New York. The name is derived from the Hopewell farm in Ross county, Ohio, where the first site—centring on a group of burial mounds with extensive enclosures of banked earth—was explored. The term Mound Builders, once applied to this culture, is now considered a misnomer. Later investigations revealed that the practice of constructing earth mounds was widespread and served greatly differing purposes.Hopewell villages lay along rivers and streams. The inhabitants raised corn (maize) and possibly beans and squash but still relied upon hunting and fishing and the gathering of wild nuts, fruits, seeds, and roots. The amount of pottery and ornamental stonework and metalwork that has been found suggests some division of labour; moreover, the nature and size of the earthworks at many sites suggest that forms of public labour, whether voluntary or conscripted, may have been employed. The earthworks sometimes suggest defensive purposes, but more often they served as burial mounds or apparently formed the bases of temples or other structures.Their best pottery was well made, with decoration applied by incised or stamped lines, often in naturalistic outlines. Even more notable were effigy pipes carved in stone and polished, representing birds, fish, and other animals. Their metalwork (consisting of beating and annealing) has been called the finest in pre-Columbian North America. Copper sheet was much used; some silver and meteoric iron, and occasionally gold, entered into various ornaments and utility pieces. Sheets of mica also characterize the culture.Trade routes were evidently well developed, for material from as far away as the Rocky Mountains and the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean are found in Hopewell sites, and articles identified as manufactured by the Hopewell Indians are found in localities as far distant.After about 400 CE the more spectacular features of the Hopewell culture gradually disappeared. The quantity and quality of fine articles and mounds declined, and the people apparently became less sedentary and more loosely organized.
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Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — 1840s map of Mound City … Wikipedia
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — ▪ park, Ohio, United States formerly (until 1992) Mound City Group National Monument, group of 24 cone shaped ceremonial burial mounds (burial mound) of the Hopewell (Hopewell culture) Indians, dating from between 200 BC and AD 500, in… … Universalium
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Sp Hòpvelio Kultūros nacionãlinis istòrinis párkas Ap Hopewell Culture National Historical Park L JAV (Ohajas) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Hopewell tradition — Hopewell Interaction Area and local expressions of the Hopewell tradition The Hopewell tradition (also incorrectly called the Hopewell culture ) is the term used to describe common aspects of the Nativ … Wikipedia
Hopewell — may refer to:PlacesUSA*Hopewell, DeKalb County, Indiana *Hopewell, Johnson County, Indiana *Hopewell, Illinois *Hopewell, New Jersey *Hopewell, New York *Hopewell, Ohio: **Hopewell, Jefferson County, Ohio **Hopewell, Muskingum County, Ohio… … Wikipedia
Hopewell pottery — is a type of pottery. The Hopewell were located around the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers during the Middle Woodland Period. Pottery was an important part of the Hopewell culture. They often were very artistic when it came to their style of… … Wikipedia
Hopewell-Kultur — Karte einzelner Hopewell und von diesen beeinflusster Kulturen … Deutsch Wikipedia
culture — /kul cheuhr/, n., v., cultured, culturing. n. 1. the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc. 2. that which is excellent in the arts, manners,… … Universalium
Culture de Hopewell — Culture Hopewell Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hopewell. Le Mound City Group en Chillicothe, Ohio, USA La culture Hopewe … Wikipédia en Français
Hopewell (Nouveau-Brunswick) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hopewell. Hopewell Les rochers d Hopewell … Wikipédia en Français