Honthorst, Gerrit van


Honthorst, Gerrit van
known as Gherardo delle Notti (Italian: "Gerard of the Night Scenes")

born Nov. 4, 1590, Utrecht, Neth.
died April 27, 1656, Utrecht

Dutch painter.

During 10 years in Italy (с 1610–20) he enjoyed the patronage of the nobility and assimilated the Baroque style of Caravaggio. The dramatic effects of artificial light in his early paintings, as in such nocturnal scenes as Supper Party (1620), earned him his nickname. He was court painter at The Hague from 1637 to 1652. Some of Rembrandt's early works were inspired by his use of chiaroscuro. With Hendrik Terbrugghen, he was a leader of the Utrecht school.

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▪ Dutch painter
byname  Gherardo Della Notte  
born Nov. 4, 1590, Utrecht, Neth.
died April 27, 1656, Utrecht

      Dutch painter, a leading member of the Utrecht school influenced by the Italian painter Caravaggio.

 Like his slightly older contemporary Hendrik Terbrugghen, Honthorst first studied under Abraham Bloemaert in Utrecht. In about 1610 he moved to Italy, where he had leading nobles as patrons and assimilated Caravaggio's realism and dramatic use of artificial light into a personal idiom. Notable works of his Italian sojourn include “The Beheading of St. John the Baptist” (S. Maria delle Scala, Rome), “Christ Before the High Priest” (c. 1617, National Gallery, London [see photograph—>]), and the “Supper Party” (1620, Uffizi, Florence), all nocturnal scenes. Returning to the Netherlands in 1620, Honthorst stayed in Utrecht until 1627, the year of Rubens' visit to his home. He was dean of the Utrecht Guild of St. Luke in 1625–26, and in 1628 he worked at the court of Charles I in London. The rest of his life was spent primarily in The Hague and, after 1652, at Utrecht.

      Although Honthorst accepted commissions for decorative cycles and painted at least one illusionistic ceiling, his most significant contribution to Dutch painting was his joint leadership, with Terbrugghen, of the Utrecht followers of Caravaggio. Rembrandt's use of Caravaggesque devices in his early works derives in large part from his knowledge of Honthorst's paintings. Honthorst's brother Willem van Honthorst (1594–1666), who was also an accomplished painter, sometimes worked with him.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Honthorst, Gerrit van — (1590 1656)    Dutch painter; member of the Utrecht Caravaggist group. Honthorst was born in Utrecht and went to Rome in c. 1610 1612 where he entered in the service of Márchese Vincenzo Giustiniani. He also worked for the Medici Grand Dukes of… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Honthorst, Gerrit van — llamado Gherardo delle Notti (italiano; Gerardo de las escenas nocturnas ) (4 nov. 1590, Utrecht, Países Bajos–27 abr. 1656, Utrecht). Pintor holandés. Durante diez años en Italia ( 1610–20) disfrutó del mecenazgo de la nobleza y asimiló el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HONTHORST (G. van) — HONTHORST GERRIT VAN, dit GÉRARD DE LA NUIT (1590 1656) Nommé en Italie Gherardo della Notte (Gérard de la Nuit), Gerrit van Honthorst est l’un des rares peintres hollandais du XVIIe siècle à avoir connu une grande carrière internationale. C’est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Van — /van/; for 1, 2 also Turk. /vahn/, n. 1. Lake, a salt lake in E Turkey. 1454 sq. mi. (3766 sq. km). 2. a town on this lake. 88,597. 3. a male given name. * * * I City (pop., 1997: 226,965), eastern Turkey, on the eastern shore of Lake Van. The… …   Universalium


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