- Hollywood Ten
Group of U.S. movie producers, directors, and screenwriters who refused to answer questions about communist affiliations before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947.The TenAlvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner, Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbowere charged with contempt of Congress and given prison sentences of six months to a year. After their release, they were blacklisted and unable to find work in Hollywood, though some wrote scripts under pseudonyms. The blacklist gradually disappeared in the early 1960s.
* * *▪ American historyin U.S. history, 10 motion-picture producers, directors, and screenwriters who appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in October 1947, refused to answer questions regarding their possible communist affiliations, and, after spending time in prison for contempt of Congress, were mostly blacklisted by the Hollywood studios. The 10 were Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk (Dmytryk, Edward), Ring Lardner, Jr., John Howard Lawson (Lawson, John Howard), Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbo (Trumbo, Dalton).The group originally included the German writer Bertolt Brecht (Brecht, Bertolt), but Brecht fled the country on the day following his inquest, and the remaining 10 were voted in contempt of Congress on Nov. 24, 1947. Convicted in federal court the following year, they were given sentences of six months to one year in prison. (While in prison, Dmytryk broke with the rest and agreed to cooperate, admitting being a communist and giving the names of 26 others.)With the exception of Dmytryk, the group was severely blacklisted by the film industry. Most were never again employed in Hollywood, but some did write scripts under pseudonyms. As “Robert Rich,” Trumbo won an Academy Award Oscar for best screenplay for The Brave One (1956). The red blacklist disappeared by the early 1960s, and Trumbo and Lardner subsequently wrote screenplays under their own names.
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Hollywood Ten — Die Hollywood Ten ist die Bezeichnung für zehn Drehbuchautoren, Schauspieler und Regisseure aus Hollywood, die sich geweigert hatten, vor dem Ausschuss des Repräsentantenhauses der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zur Untersuchung… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hollywood Ten — The Hollywood Ten were a group of 10 scriptwriters and producers in the film industry who were cited for contempt of Congress in 1947 when they refused to answer the question “Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?” … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Hollywood Ten — ten members of the film industry who were sent to jail for refusing to answer questions about their political beliefs during the HUAC hearings in 1947 (U.S. History) … English contemporary dictionary
Hollywood Ten — «голливудская десятка» (десять прогрессивных деятелей американского кино, брошенных за решетку в 1950 г. во время разгула маккартизма) … Словарь топонимов США
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