Holinshed, Raphael

Holinshed, Raphael
died с 1580

English chronicler.

From с 1560 Holinshed lived in London, where he was employed as a translator by Reginald Wolfe, who was preparing a universal history. Holinshed is remembered for his Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande (1577), an abridged history he published after Wolfe's death, compiled largely uncritically from many sources of varying degrees of trustworthiness. It enjoyed great popularity and was quarried by Elizabethan dramatists, especially William Shakespeare, who drew on its second edition (1587) for Macbeth, King Lear, Cymbeline, and many of his historical plays.

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▪ English chronicler
died c. 1580

      English chronicler, remembered chiefly because his Chronicles enjoyed great popularity and became a quarry for many Elizabethan dramatists, especially Shakespeare (Shakespeare, William), who found, in the second edition, material for Macbeth, King Lear, Cymbeline, and many of his historical plays.

      Holinshed probably belonged to a Cheshire family. From roughly 1560 he lived in London, where he was employed as a translator by Reginald Wolfe, who was preparing a universal history. After Wolfe's death in 1573 the scope of the work was abridged, and it appeared, with many illustrations, as the Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande, 2 vol. (dated 1577).

      The Chronicles was compiled largely uncritically from many sources of varying degrees of trustworthiness. The texts of the first and second (1587) editions were expurgated by order of the Privy Council, and the excisions from the second edition were published separately in 1723. An edition of the complete, unexpurgated text of 1587, edited by Henry Ellis and titled Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was published in six volumes (1807–08, reissued 1976). Several selections have also appeared, including Holinshed's Chronicle as Used in Shakespeare's Plays, edited by Allardyce and Josephine Nicoll (1927); Shakespeare's Holinshed, compiled and edited by Richard Hosley (1968); and The Peaceable and Prosperous Regiment of Blessed Queene Elisabeth (2005).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • HOLINSHED, Raphael — (d. 1580) An English chronicler and historian, Raphael Holinshed was the principal editor of Elizabethan England s most important domestic history. Holinshed s early years cannot be reconstructed with any certainty, but he probably was educated… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Holinshed, Raphael —  (d. c. 1580) English historian, known for The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (1577), which was popularly known as Holinshed’s Chronicles …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Holinshed,Raphael — Hol·in·shed (hŏlʹən shĕd , ĭnz hĕd ) Hol·lings·head ( ĭngz hĕd ), Raphael. Died c. 1580. English historian. His volume Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1577) was used extensively by Shakespeare as well as other Elizabethan dramatists …   Universalium

  • Holinshed, Raphael — (m. 1580). Cronista inglés. Desde 1560 vivió en Londres, donde Reginald Wolfe, que preparaba una historia universal, lo contrató como traductor. Se lo recuerda como autor de las Crónicas de Inglaterra, Escocia e Irlanda (1577), una historia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HOLINSHED, RAPHAEL —    English chronicler of the Elizabethan age; his Chronicle, published in two vols. in 1577, supplied Shakespeare with materials for some of his historical plays; d. 1580 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Raphael Holinshed — (died c. 1580) was an English chronicler, whose work, commonly known as Holinshed s Chronicles , was one of the major sources used by William Shakespeare for a number of his plays. He is thought to have come from Cheshire, but lived in London,… …   Wikipedia

  • Raphael Holinshed — (Hollingshead) (vers 1525 – vers 1580), fut un historien anglais, dont le travail, connu sous le nom de Chroniques Holinshed, fut l une des sources majeures utilisées par William Shakespeare pour nombre de ses pièces. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Voir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holinshed — Raphael Holinshed (* um 1520 ; † um 1580 in Bramcote) war ein englischer Schriftsteller, dessen Werk bekannt unter dem Titel Holinshed s Chronicle William Shakespeare als Quelle vieler seiner Dramen diente. Leben Über sein Leben weiß man sehr… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raphael — /raf ee euhl, ray fee , rah fuy el /, n. 1. (Raffaello Santi or Sanzio) 1483 1520, Italian painter. 2. one of the archangels. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning healing of the Lord. * * * I In the Bible and the Qurān, one of the… …   Universalium

  • Raphael — Se conoce como Raphael a: ● Raphael Santi, pintor italiano. ● Raphael, cantante jiennense (España). * * * (as used in expressions) Hirsch, Samson Raphael Holinshed, Raphael Mengs, Anton Raphael Semmes, Raphael …   Enciclopedia Universal


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