- Hirsch, Samson Raphael
born June 20, 1808, Hamburgdied Dec. 31, 1888, Frankfurt-on-Main, Ger.German Jewish scholar.He served as rabbi in Oldenburg, Emden, Nikolsburg, and Frankfurt am Main. In his Nineteen Letters of Ben Uziel (1836), he expounded his system of Neo-Orthodoxy, which helped make Orthodox Judaism viable in 19th-century Germany. He advocated blending strict schooling in the Torah with modern secular education, and he argued that Orthodox Jews should separate from the larger Jewish community in defense of their traditions. His many works include commentaries on the Pentateuch and an Orthodox textbook on Judaism.
* * *▪ German Jewish religious theoristborn June 20, 1808, Hamburg [Germany]died Dec. 31, 1888, Frankfurt am Main, Ger.major Jewish religious thinker and founder of Trennungsorthodoxie (Separatist Orthodoxy), or Neo-Orthodoxy, a theological system that helped make Orthodox Judaism viable in Germany.Hirsch was a rabbi successively in Oldenburg, Emden, Nikolsburg, and Frankfurt am Main. While still chief rabbi at Oldenburg, he published Neunzehn Briefe über Judenthum (1836; Nineteen Letters of Ben Uziel), in which he expounded Neo-Orthodoxy. This system required two chief courses of action: (1) an educational program that combined strict training in the Torah (Jewish Law) with a modern secular education—so that Orthodoxy could withstand the challenge of Reform Judaism, which interpreted the Torah with the aid of modern textual and historical data; and (2) a separation of Orthodox (Orthodox Judaism) congregations from the larger Jewish community when the latter deviated from a strict adherence to Jewish tradition. In 1876 Hirsch was a prime mover in getting the Prussian parliament to pass a law permitting Jews to secede from the state-recognized Jewish religious community (which Hirsch considered unfaithful to the Torah) and to establish separate congregations. Among his many works are Horeb, Versuche über Jissroéls Pflichten in der Zerstreuung (1837; “Essays on the Duties of the Jewish People in the Diaspora”), an Orthodox textbook on Judaism, and commentaries on the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses (1867–78). In addition he founded (1855) and edited the monthly Jeshurun (the poetic name for Israel). Six volumes of his essays were published posthumously (1902–12).In one respect, Hirsch's theology was akin to Reform Judaism, in that he interpreted Judaism to be essentially a community of faith; therefore, return to the land of Israel is not necessary for Jewish survival. Unlike the Reform Jews, however, he rejected the application of historical methods to the study of the Bible and of Judaism in general.
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Hirsch, Samson Raphael — (1808–88) Modern Orthodox rabbi. Hirsch was born in Hamburg. Although his family was strictly Orthodox, he was also encouraged to pursue secular learning and he studied at the University of Bonn. After ordination, Hirsch served congregations… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Hirsch, Samson Raphael — (1808 88) German rabbi and writer. He was born in Hamburg. He served as a rabbi at Oldenburg and Emden, and as chief rabbi of Moravia (from 1846); from 1851 he was a rabbi in Frankfurt am Main. He was the founder of neo Orthodoxy, which… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Hirsch, Samson Raphael — (20 jun. 1808, Hamburgo–31 dic. 1888, Francfort del Meno, Alemania). Erudito judío alemán. Fue rabino en Oldenburg, Emden, Nikolsburg y Francfort del Meno. En sus Diecinueve cartas de Ben Uziel (1836), enunció su sistema neoortodoxo, que… … Enciclopedia Universal
Samson Raphaël Hirsch — Samson Raphael Hirsch Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hirsch. Le rabbin S.R. Hirsch Le rabbin Samson Raphae … Wikipédia en Français
Samson Raphael Hirsch — Samson (ben) Raphael Hirsch (* 20. Juni 1808 in Hamburg; † 31. Dezember 1888 in Frankfurt am Main) war ein deutscher Rabbiner. Er gilt als führender Vertreter des orthodoxen Judentums im Deutschland des 19. Jahrhunderts und als Begründer der Neo… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Samson Raphael Hirsch — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hirsch. Le rabbin S.R. Hirsch Le rabbin Samson Raphael Hirsch (aussi appelé Shimshon Raphael Hirsch en hébreu et en y … Wikipédia en Français
Samson Raphael Hirsch — Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20, 1808 – December 31, 1888) was the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism. Occasionally termed neo Orthodoxy , his philosophy, together with that of Ezriel… … Wikipedia
HIRSCH, SAMSON (Ben) RAPHAEL — (1808–1888), rabbi and writer; leader and foremost exponent of orthodoxy in Germany in the 19th century. Born in Hamburg, Hirsch studied Talmud with his grandfather Mendel Frankfurter there. His education was influenced by the enlightened… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Samson Raphael Hirsch — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Samson Raphael Hirsch El rabino Samson Raphael Hirsch (20 de junio de 1808 31 de diciembre de 1888) es el fundador intelectual de la escuela Torah im Derech Eretz del judaísmo … Wikipedia Español
Yeshiva Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch — (YRSRH, also known as Breuer s, after its creator) was founded in New York City in 1944, as a means of reestablishing the Orthodox Jewish community of Frankfurt, Germany in the United States. The school, founded by Rabbi Joseph Breuer, is run… … Wikipedia