- Hirata Atsutane
born Sept. 25, 1776, Akita, Japandied Oct. 4, 1843, AkitaLeader of the Japanese Restoration Shintō school.He settled in Edo (modern Tokyo) at age 20 and became a disciple of Motoori Norinaga. Hirata sought to develop a Shintō theological system offering principles for social and political action. He proclaimed the natural superiority of Japan and championed the imperial line. For criticizing the Tokugawa shogunate (see Tokugawa period), which had reduced the emperor to a powerless symbol, he was punished by being confined to his birthplace for the rest of his life. His theories helped bring about the shogunate's overthrow, and he influenced 20th-century Shintō and Japanese nationalism.
* * *▪ Japanese religious leaderborn Sept. 25, 1776, Akita, Japandied Oct. 4, 1843, AkitaJapanese thinker, systematizer, and leader of the Restoration Shintō (also known as Fukko Shintō; q.v.) school. His thought, stressing the divine nature of the emperor, exerted a powerful influence on royalists who fought for the restoration of imperial rule during the second half of the 19th century.At the age of 20, Hirata moved to Edo (modern Tokyo), where most of his activity developed. He originally studied Neo-Confucianism but then turned to Shintō, becoming a disciple of the recently deceased Motoori Norinaga, one of the pioneers of the movement called National Learning (Kokugaku), which sought to find the true expression of the Japanese spirit in Japan's early traditions and culture. But while Motoori sought for the real Japanese spirit through careful philological study, Hirata attempted to develop a Shintō theological system that would provide normative principles for social and political action. In his later years he became increasingly critical of the Tokugawa feudal regime, which ruled Japan through the office of shogun, forcing the emperor to be nothing more than a powerless symbol. As a result of his political activities, Hirata was confined to his birthplace for the rest of his life.Hirata vigorously proclaimed a belief in Japan's natural superiority as the land of the gods; he held that the gods transmit the “True Way” to Japan through the Japanese imperial line. But despite his strong nationalism and xenophobia, he did not hesitate to accept certain features of Western science known to him through Chinese translations. He even appropriated for his Shintō theology some aspects of theological works written by Jesuit missionaries in China.Additional ReadingTsunetsugu Muraoka, Studies in Shintō Thought (1964); J.M. Kitagawa, Religion in Japanese History (1966).
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Hirata, Atsutane — (1776 1843) A proponent of fukko shinto (restoration Shinto) and perhaps the greatest single influence on Shinto in the modern period, Hirata was born into the Owada samurai family in Akita in the far north west of Japan. He initially studied… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto
Hirata Atsutane — *cite book last = McNally first = Mark year = 2005 title = Proving the Way: Conflict and Practice in the History of Japanese Nativism publisher = Harvard University Asia Center id = ISBN 0674017781External links*… … Wikipedia
Hirata Atsutane — (25 sep. 1776, Akita, Japón–4 oct. 1843, Akita). Líder de la restauración japonesa de la escuela sintoísta (ver sintoísmo). Se estableció en Edo (actual Tokyo) a la edad de 20 años y se convirtió en discípulo de Motoori Norinaga. Se propuso… … Enciclopedia Universal
HIRATA A. — HIRATA A. HIRATA ATSUTANE (1776 1843) Philologue japonais, né à Akita, dans l’extrême nord du pays. À vingt ans, Hirata Atsutane quitte la clan d’Akita pour faire à Edo des études de littérature confucéenne, de stratégie et de médecine. La… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hirata — Hirata, Atsutane, japanischer Philosoph, * Akita 1776, ✝ ebenda 1843; zählt als Schüler des Philosophen Motoori Norinaga zu den Begründern der Kokugaku (»Nationale Schule«), die, kritisch gegen außerjapanische Einflüsse gewendet, für alle… … Universal-Lexikon
Kokugaku — (Kyūjitai: 國學/Shinjitai: 国学; lit. National study) was a National revival, or, school of Japanese philology and philosophy originating during the Tokugawa period. Kokugaku scholars worked to refocus Japanese scholarship away from the then dominant … Wikipedia
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