Hillquit, Morris

Hillquit, Morris
orig. Morris Hillkowitz

born Aug. 1, 1869, Riga, Latvia
died Oct. 7, 1933, New York, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. socialist leader.

He immigrated to the U.S. in 1886, joined the Socialist Labor Party, and helped found the United Hebrew Trades in 1888. When the party split, he led a moderate faction to help form the Social Democratic Party, which in 1901 became the Socialist Party. As the party's chief theoretician, he defined its position of pacifism during World War I and defended many socialists in court. He was twice the Socialist Party's unsuccessful candidate for mayor of New York (1917, 1932).

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▪ American socialist
original name  Morris Hillkowitz  
born Aug. 1, 1869, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire [now in Latvia]
died Oct. 7, 1933, New York City
 American Socialist leader, chief theoretician of the Socialist Party during the first third of the 20th century.

      Immigrating to the United States in 1886, Hillquit joined the Socialist Labor Party in New York and became active as a union organizer; in 1888 he helped found the United Hebrew Trades. He earned a law degree from the University of the City of New York (later renamed New York University) in 1893. As a consistent advocate of Socialist reform within the constitutional framework, Hillquit came into conflict with more radical elements in the party led by Daniel De Leon. When the party later split, Hillquit's more moderate faction joined a coalition of Socialist groups under the name Social Democratic Party, which in 1901 became the Socialist Party. Hillquit emerged the party's chief theoretician and tactician. As such, he was largely responsible for the party's steadfast policy of pacifism during World War I, a position that drew widespread criticism after the U.S. entry into the war. With passage of the Espionage Act of 1917, Hillquit devoted much of his energies to defending Socialists in court. Hillquit ran unsuccessfully for Congress five times and for mayor of New York City twice. In 1924 he led his party in its support of Robert M. La Follette, presidential nominee on the Progressive ticket. Among his books are History of Socialism in the United States (1903), Socialism in Theory and Practice (1909), and the autobiographical Loose Leaves from a Busy Life (1934).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • HILLQUIT, MORRIS — (1869–1933), U.S. socialist. Hillquit was born in Riga, Latvia. He settled in New York City in 1886 and was soon involved in the vigorous radical intellectual life of the Lower East Side. In 1888 he helped organize the United Hebrew Trades as a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hillquit, Morris — orig. Morris Hillkowitz (1 ago. 1869, Riga, Letonia–7 oct. 1933, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Dirigente socialista estadounidense. En 1886 emigró a EE.UU., ingresó al Partido Laboral Socialista y, en 1888, colaboró en la formación del United Hebrew …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hillquit, Morris — (1869 1933)    American socialist, of Latvian origin. Born in Riga, Latvia, he went to New York City in 1886. He helped organize the United Hebrew Trades, and later entered the Socialist Labour Party. He played an important role in the affairs of …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Morris Hillquit — (1869–1933) was a founder and leader of the Socialist Party of America and prominent labor lawyer in New York City s Lower East Side during the early 20th century. Morris Hillquit Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Morris — Morris, Charles W. Morris, Desmond John Morris, William * * * (as used in expressions) Brandes, Georg (Morris Cohen) Goldwater, Barry M(orris) Hillquit, Morris Morris Hillkowitz Hunt, Richard Morris Lapidus, Morris L …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Morris — /mawr is, mor /, n. 1. Gouverneur /guv euhr near /, 1752 1816, U.S. statesman. 2. Robert, 1734 1806, U.S. financier and statesman, born in England. 3. William, 1834 96, English painter, furniture designer, poet, and socialist writer. 4. Wright,… …   Universalium

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