Hillman, Sidney

Hillman, Sidney
orig. Simcha Hillman

born March 23, 1887, žagarė, Lith.
died July 10, 1946, Point Lookout, N.Y., U.S.

Lithuanian-born U.S. labour leader.

He immigrated to the U.S. in 1907, became a garment worker, and was elected president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America in 1914. Under his leadership the union greatly increased its membership, secured unemployment insurance, and organized two banks. He served in various New Deal labour organizations, including the National Recovery Administration. Hillman also helped found the Congress of Industrial Organizations and was active in it until his death. See also AFL-CIO; John L. Lewis.

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▪ American labour leader
original name  Simcha Hillman 
born March 23, 1887, Žagarė, Lithuania
died July 10, 1946, Point Lookout, N.Y., U.S.
 U.S. labour leader, from 1914 president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, and in 1935–38 one of the founders of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). He was noted for his aggressive organization of industrial workers and for his extension of union functions to include social services and political action.

      After receiving a rabbinical education, Hillman worked in a chemical laboratory in Kovno (now Kaunas), Lithuania, now Lithuanian S.S.R. On his release from imprisonment by the tsarist government for advocating labour reforms, he went to England and then, in 1907, to the United States. Employed in a men's clothing factory in Chicago from 1909, he led a garment workers' strike there the following year. Subsequently he moved to New York City, where he was elected president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers. Under his leadership the union greatly increased its membership; it secured unemployment insurance, provided a housing development for its members, and organized two banks, which, during the Great Depression, preserved several garment businesses by granting loans to the firms or by buying their stock.

      During the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933–45), Hillman served in the National Recovery Administration, the Office of Production Management, and the War Production Board's labour division. In 1943 he became chairman of the Political Action Committee of the CIO, which was prominent in the election campaign of 1944. After World War II he was vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions.

Additional Reading
Steven Fraser, Labor Will Rule: Sidney Hillman and the Rise of American Labor (1991), is a biography.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • HILLMAN, SIDNEY — (1887–1946), U.S. labor leader. Hillman was born in the small town of Zagare in Lithuania, son of an Orthodox flour merchant and grandson of a rabbi. He received a traditional ḥeder education, and at the age of 14 was sent to study at a yeshivah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hillman, Sidney — (1887 1946)    Sidney Hillman was born in Lithuania. He came to the United States in 1907 after being arrested for his labor activities, and he found work in the clothing industry in Chicago, Illinois. In 1915, he became president of the newly… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Hillman, Sidney — (1887–1946)    US labour leader. In his youth, Hillman rejected his orthodox background in Lithuania and became a revolutionary. He was imprisoned by the czar and on his release at the age of twenty, emigrated to the United States. At that time… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hillman, Sidney — orig. Simcha Hillman (23 mar. 1887, žagare, Lituania–10 jul. 1946, Point Lookout, N.Y., EE.UU.). Dirigente sindical estadounidense nacido en Lituania. Emigró a EE.UU. en 1907, trabajó como obrero textil y fue elegido presidente de la Asociación… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hillman, Sidney — (1887 1904)    American labour leader, of Lithuanian origin. Born in Zagare, Lithuania, he studied at a yeshivah in Kovno. Later he was involved in revolutionary politics and imprisoned. He emigrated to England, and then New York and Chicago. He… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Sidney — /sid nee/, n. 1. Sir Philip, 1554 86, English poet, writer, statesman, and soldier. 2. a city in N Ohio. 17,657. 3. a male or female given name: a family name taken from a French placename, Saint Denis. Also, Sydney (for defs. 1, 3). * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • HILLMAN, BESSIE BAS SHEVA ABRAMOWITZ — (1889–1970), labor activist and executive board member of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA). The fourth daughter of 10 children born to Sarah (Rabinowitz) and Emanuel Abramowitz, Hillman spent the first 15 years of her life in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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