- Hiberno-Saxon style
Decorative style that resulted when Irish (Hibernian) monks went to England in 635.It mingled the Celtic decorative traditioncurvilinear and "trumpet" forms, scrolls, spirals, and a double-curve motifwith the interlaced zoomorphic patterns and bright coloration of the pagan Anglo-Saxons. Mediterranean art entered as an element when St. Augustine of Canterbury's mission arrived from Rome, introducing the human figure in art objects, but the style's basic characteristics remained geometric, with interlaced designs and areas of bright colour, as seen in the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Book of Kells. It was taken to Europe by Irish and Saxon Christian missionaries and there exerted strong influence on Carolingian art. See also Anglo-Saxon art.
* * *▪ artin Western visual arts, the decorative vocabulary that resulted from the interaction of the Irish, or Hibernians, and the Anglo-Saxons (Anglo-Saxon art) of southern England during the 7th century.Irish monks sailed to northern England in 635, taking with them an ancient Celtic decorative tradition of curvilinear forms: scrolls and spirals, “trumpet” forms, and a double curve, or shield, motif known as a pelta. This abstract ornamental system was seen in their sculpture, in metalwork, and in Irish manuscripts, with their elaborate initials and other decorative embellishments.The pagan Anglo-Saxons' art was similarly characterized by abstract patterning, but the ornamental vocabulary differed—interlacing patterns, including elaborate zoomorphic interlace, were common. The Anglo-Saxons had no tradition of painting or calligraphy, but they excelled in metalwork. The rich gold and jeweled examples that survive show their love of metallic brilliance and bright colour.Hiberno-Saxon art is characterized by a combination of these two traditions, particularly the Irish curvilinear motifs and elaborated initials and the Saxon zoomorphic interlacings and bright colouring. A third influence was Mediterranean art, which became an important artistic ingredient after St. Augustine's mission arrived from Rome with many manuscripts and other art objects to use in converting the Saxons. This tradition brought with it the representation of the human figure, but the basic characteristics of Hiberno-Saxon art remained those of their pagan ancestors: concern for geometric design rather than naturalistic representation, love of flat areas of colour, and the use of complicated interlace patterns. All these elements can be found in the great manuscripts produced by the Hiberno-Saxon school: the Lindisfarne Gospels (698), the Book of Durrow (second half of the 7th century), and the Book of Kells (c. 800). The Hiberno-Saxon style was imported to the European continent by Irish and Saxon Christian missionaries, and there it exercised much influence, particularly on the art of the Carolingian (Carolingian art) empire.
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Hiberno-Saxon — /huy berr noh sak seuhn/, adj. 1. having the characteristics of both the Irish and English; Anglo Irish. 2. pertaining to or designating the style of art, esp. of manuscript illumination, developed principally during the 7th and 8th centuries A.D … Universalium
Hiberno-Saxon — /huy berr noh sak seuhn/, adj. 1. having the characteristics of both the Irish and English; Anglo Irish. 2. pertaining to or designating the style of art, esp. of manuscript illumination, developed principally during the 7th and 8th centuries A.D … Useful english dictionary
Saxon — /sak seuhn/, n. 1. a member of a Germanic people in ancient times dwelling near the mouth of the Elbe, a portion of whom invaded and occupied parts of Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries. 2. the Old English dialects of the regions settled by the … Universalium
style — styleless, adj. stylelessness, n. stylelike, adj. /stuyl/, n., v. styled, styling. n. 1. a particular kind, sort, or type, as with reference to form, appearance, or character: the baroque style; The style of the house was too austere for their… … Universalium
Style médiéval — Art médiéval Les mosaïques des églises monumentales ont été le couronnement de l art byzantin. Une des mosaïques les plus célèbres subsistant est dans l Église de la Sainte Sagesse dans l ancienne Constantinople l image du Christ sur les murs de… … Wikipédia en Français
Anglo-Saxon art — Painting, sculpture, and architecture produced in Britain from the late 5th century to the Norman Conquest. Before the 9th century, manuscript illumination was the predominant art form, with two schools: Canterbury produced works in the Classical … Universalium
Anglo-Saxon art — covers art produced within the Anglo Saxon period of English history, particularly from the time of King Alfred (871 899), when there was a revival of English culture after the end of the Viking invasions, to the Norman Conquest in 1066, when the … Wikipedia
List of illuminated Anglo-Saxon manuscripts — This is a listing of illuminated manuscripts produced between 900 and 1066 in Anglo Saxon monasteries, or by Anglo Saxon scribes or illuminators working in continental scriptoria. This list includes manuscripts in Latin and Anglo Saxon. For… … Wikipedia
Art Anglo-saxon — La pierre de Hedda, un exemple de sculpture Anglo Saxon primitive. L Art angle Saxon couvre la période allant du règne d Alfred le Grand (871 899), avec la renaissance de la culture anglaise après la fin des invasions viking, jusqu au milieu du… … Wikipédia en Français
Art anglo-saxon — La pierre de Hedda, un exemple de sculpture Anglo Saxon primitive. L Art angle Saxon couvre la période allant du règne d Alfred le Grand (871 899), avec la renaissance de la culture anglaise après la fin des invasions viking, jusqu au milieu du… … Wikipédia en Français