Helvetic Republic


Helvetic Republic
Republic founded in March 1798, constituting the greater part of Switzerland, after it had been conquered by France in the French Revolutionary Wars.

The government was patterned after that of the Directory in France. Delegates called on Napoleon to mediate in factional disputes, and in 1803 he substituted a new Swiss Confederation for the republic, forcing it into close association with France.

* * *

▪ Swiss history
French  République Helvétique,  

      republic constituting the greater part of Switzerland, founded on March 29, 1798, after the country had been conquered by Revolutionary France. The new republic excluded both Geneva, which was annexed to France (April 1798), and the three provinces of Valtellina, Chiavenna, and Bormio, which went to the Italian Cisalpine Republic. In 1802 Austrian Frickthal was added to the republic, and Valais was detached and made into an independent republic (later, in 1810, annexed to France). The Helvetic Republic was recognized in the Franco-Austrian Treaty of Lunéville (1801).

      The government was patterned after that of the Directory in France. So many factional disputes arose that delegates from the republic called on Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I) to mediate. He promptly dictated the Act of Mediation (Sept. 30, 1802; amplified on Feb. 19, 1803), which substituted a new Swiss Confederation for the Helvetic Republic, forcing it into close association with France.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Helvetic Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = Helvetische Republik (de) République helvétique (fr) Repubblica Elvetica (it) conventional long name = Helvetic Republic common name = Switzerland continent = Europe region = Central Europe country = Europe… …   Wikipedia

  • republic — /ri pub lik/, n. 1. a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them. 2. any body of persons viewed as a commonwealth. 3. a state in which… …   Universalium

  • Batavian Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = Bataafse Republiek conventional long name = Batavian Republic common name = Batavian Republic continent = Europe region = Low Countries country = Netherlands era = status = Client status text = Client of the… …   Wikipedia

  • French client republic — During its occupation of neighboring parts of Europe during the French Revolutionary Wars, France established republican regimes in these territories. The French Republic claimed to support the spread of the republican principles in Europe, but… …   Wikipedia

  • Switzerland in the Napoleonic era — History of Switzerland This article is part of a series Early history …   Wikipedia

  • Swiss franc — CHF redirects here. For other uses, see CHF (disambiguation). Swiss franc Schweizer Franken (German) franc suisse (French) franco svizzero (Italian) franc …   Wikipedia

  • Switzerland — /swit seuhr leuhnd/, n. a republic in central Europe. 7,248,984; 15,944 sq. mi. (41,294 sq. km). Cap.: Bern. French, Suisse. German, Schweiz. Italian, Svizzera. Latin, Helvetia. * * * Switzerland Introduction Switzerland Background: Switzerland s …   Universalium

  • Canton of Lugano — Infobox Former Subdivision native name = Cantone Lugano conventional long name = Canton of Lugano common name = Lugano| continent = Europe region = Alps country = Switzerland subdivision = Canton nation = Helvetic Republic status text = Canton of …   Wikipedia

  • Canton of Fricktal — Infobox Former Subdivision native name = Kanton Fricktal conventional long name = Canton of Fricktal common name = Fricktal| continent = Europe region = Alps country = Switzerland subdivision = Canton nation = Helvetic Republic status text =… …   Wikipedia

  • Canton of Baden — Infobox Former Subdivision native name = Kanton Baden conventional long name = Canton of Baden common name = Baden, Canton| continent = Europe region = Alps country = Switzerland subdivision = Canton nation = Helvetic Republic status text =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.