Helmand River


Helmand River
or Helmund River ancient Etymander

River, southwestern Afghanistan and eastern Iran.

Rising in east-central Afghanistan, it flows southwest across more than half the country before flowing north for a short distance through Iran and emptying into the Helmand (Sīstān) swamps on the border of Afghanistan and Iran. At 870 mi (1,400 km) long, it is one of Afghanistan's most important rivers and has been extensively developed for irrigation. A long-standing dispute between Afghanistan and Iran has centred on Iran's claim to a portion of the Helmand's waters.

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also spelled  Helmund , or  Hilmand , Persian  Daryā-ye Helmand , Latin  Erymandrus 
 river in southwestern Afghanistan and eastern Iran, about 715 miles (1,150 km) long. Rising in the Bābā Range in east-central Afghanistan, it flows southwestward across more than half the length of Afghanistan before flowing northward for a short distance through Iranian territory and emptying into the Helmand (Sīstān) swamps on the Afghan-Iranian border. It receives several tributaries, including the Arghandāb and Tarnak, and drains more than 100,000 square miles (160,000 square km).

      The Helmand is one of Afghanistan's most important rivers and has been extensively developed under the Helmand Valley Authority. A reservoir has been built at Kajakī, 50 miles (80 km) above Gereshk, for irrigation and flood control, and just above the same town a dam diverts water to a canal. Below the reservoir much of the river's length is tapped for irrigation, and a fertile, populous belt follows its course. A long-standing dispute between Afghanistan and Iran has centred on Iran's claim to a portion of the Helmand's waters.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Helmand — or Helmund geographical name river SW Afghanistan flowing SW & W into swamps on Iran border …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Helmand — /hel meuhnd/, n. a river in S Asia, flowing SW from E Afghanistan to a lake in E Iran. 650 mi. (1045 km) long. * * * …   Universalium

  • Helmand — noun A region of Afghanistan, now specifically the name of an administrative province of the country and of the river running through it …   Wiktionary

  • Helmand — Hel•mand [[t]ˈhɛl mənd[/t]] n. geg a river in S Asia, flowing SW from E Afghanistan to a lake in E Iran. 650 mi. (1045 km) long …   From formal English to slang

  • Helmand — /ˈhɛlmənd/ (say helmuhnd) noun a river flowing from eastern Afghanistan south west to a lake in eastern Iran. About 1046 km …   Australian English dictionary

  • Helmand — /hel meuhnd/, n. a river in S Asia, flowing SW from E Afghanistan to a lake in E Iran. 650 mi. (1045 km) long …   Useful english dictionary


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