Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of


Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of
(Feb. 2, 1848) Treaty between the U.S. and Mexico that ended the Mexican War, named for the Mexico City neighbourhood where it was signed.

It drew the U.S.-Mexico boundary at the Rio Grande and the Gila River. For $15 million the U.S. received more than 525,000 sq mi (1.36 million sq km) of land and agreed to settle the more than $3 million in claims made by U.S. citizens against Mexico. By leaving Mexicans unsure of their country's future and reopening the question of the expansion of slavery in the vast territory ceded to the U.S., the treaty was a factor in the civil wars that followed in both countries.

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▪ United States-Mexico [1848]
      (Feb. 2, 1848), treaty between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican War (Mexican-American War). It was signed at Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo, which is a northern neighbourhood of Mexico City. The treaty drew the boundary between the United States and Mexico at the Rio Grande and the Gila River; for a payment of $15,000,000 the United States received more than 525,000 square miles (1,360,000 square km) of land (now Arizona, California, western Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah) from Mexico and in return agreed to settle the more than $3,000,000 in claims made by U.S. citizens against Mexico. (See primary source document: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.) With this annexation, the continental expansion of the United States was completed except for the land added in the Gadsden Purchase (1853).

      The treaty helped precipitate civil war in both Mexico and the United States (American Civil War). In Mexico it left many citizens unsure of their country's future as an independent state; political extremism followed, and civil war broke out at the end of 1857. The expansion of slavery in the United States had been settled by the Missouri Compromise (1820), but addition of the vast Mexican tract as new U.S. territory reopened the question. Attempts to settle it led to the uneasy Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas–Nebraska Act (1854).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of — (1848)    The treaty ending the Mexican War of 1845 1848 and transferring over half of the Mexican territory to the United States. Negotiated by Nicholas P. Trist for the United States and Luis Gonzaga Cuevas, Bernardo Couto, and Miguel Aristrain …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty — The treaty, perhaps better called the Treaty of Queretaro, of Feb. 2, 1848, which ended the War between the United States and the Republic of Mexico. 9 Stat 923. guadia.. A pledge …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of —  1848 treaty in which Mexico ceded to the United States what would become the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Texas, and Utah …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of — /triydiy sv gwadaluwpey hi(y)dalgow/ A treaty between the United States and Mexico, terminating the Mexican War, dated February 2, 1848. See Gadsden Purchase …   Black's law dictionary

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of — /triydiy sv gwadaluwpey hi(y)dalgow/ A treaty between the United States and Mexico, terminating the Mexican War, dated February 2, 1848. See Gadsden Purchase …   Black's law dictionary

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo — The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ( Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Spanish) is the peace treaty, largely dictated by the United Statescite web|url=http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/wars end guadalupe.html|title=War s End: Treaty of… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo — ▪ Primary Source       This agreement ended the war between the United States and Mexico. It was signed on February 2, 1848, at Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo. By its terms, the United States paid Mexico $15 million for more than 525,000 square miles …   Universalium

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo — /gwahd l oohp hi dahl goh, ooh pee/; Sp. /gwah dhah looh pe ee dhahl gaw/ a city in the Federal District of Mexico: famous shrine; peace treaty 1848. 1,182,895. Official name, Gustavo A. Madero. * * * …   Universalium

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo — Gua•da•lupe Hi•dal•go [[t]ˌgwɑd lˈup hɪˈdɑl goʊ, ˌgwɑd lˈu pi[/t]] n. geg a city in the Federal District of Mexico: famous shrine; peace treaty 1848. 1,182,895 Official name, Gustavo A. Madero …   From formal English to slang

  • Guadalupe Hidalgo — /gwadəˈlupeɪ hɪˈdælgoʊ/ (say gwahduh loohpay hi dalgoh) noun a city in central Mexico; famous shrine; peace treaty between the US and Mexico, 1848 …   Australian English dictionary


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