- Group Theatre
New York theatre company (1931–41) founded by Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford, and Lee Strasberg to present U.S. plays of social significance.staged John Howard Lawson's Success Story (1932), Sidney Kingsley's Men in White (1933), Clifford Odets's Waiting for Lefty (1935) and Golden Boy (1937), Irwin Shaw's Bury the Dead (1936), and William Saroyan's My Heart's in the Highlands (1939), among many other plays.
* * *▪ American theatrical companycompany of stage craftsmen founded in 1931 in New York City by a former Theatre Guild member, Harold Clurman (Clurman, Harold), in association with the directors Cheryl Crawford and Lee Strasberg, for the purpose of presenting American plays of social significance. Embracing Konstantin Stanislavsky's method (an acting technique that stressed the introspective approach to artistic truth), the characteristic trend of the Group's productions was primarily in the staging of social protest plays with a point of view from the left. After its first trial production of Sergey Tretyakov's Roar China (1930–31), the Group staged Paul Green's House of Connelly, a play of the decadent Old South as reflected by the disintegrating gentry class. The play was favourably received by the critics and ran for 91 performances. The Group then followed with two anticapitalist plays, 1931 and Success Story; the former closed after only nine days, but the latter ran for more than 100 performances. Financial and artistic success came two years later with the production of Sidney Kingsley's Men in White (1933), a melodrama of hospital interns. Directed by Strasberg and with settings by Mordecai Gorelik, the play ran close to a year and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for that season.In 1935 the Group staged Waiting for Lefty by one of its actors, Clifford Odets. The play, suggested by a taxicab drivers' strike of the previous year, used flashback techniques and “plants” in the audience to create the illusion that the strikers' meeting was occurring spontaneously. The group also staged Odets' Awake and Sing, a look at Jewish life in the Bronx during the Depression, as well as his Till the Day I Die (1935), Paradise Lost (1935), and Golden Boy (1937). Other productions included Paul Green's Johnny Johnson, a satirical, anti-war play, partly in blank verse, with music by Kurt Weill; Bury the Dead (1936, by Irwin Shaw); Thunder Rock (1939, by Robert Ardrey); and My Heart's in the Highlands (1939, by William Saroyan).The Group exercised a profound influence on the American theatre in three ways: (1) it stimulated the writing talent of such playwrights as Odets, and Saroyan; (2) many of its actors and directors, including Clurman, Elia Kazan, Lee J. Cobb, Stella Adler, and Strasberg, went on to prominent positions in theatre and film after the Group's dissolution; and (3) its presentations established a unified acting and working method that became virtually standard after the Group disbanded in 1941.Additional ReadingHarold Clurman, The Fervent Years (1945, reissued 1983).
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Group Theatre — Das Group Theatre war eine freie Theatergruppe, die 1931 von Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford und Lee Strasberg in New York gegründet wurde. Die Gründer des Group Theatres versammelten um sich junge Schauspieler, die den Theatertheorien des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Group Theatre — Two theatrical companies had this name in the 1930s and afterwards:* Group Theatre (London) * Group Theatre (New York) … Wikipedia
Group Theatre — Group Thea|tre, the a group of actors and ↑directors in the US who worked together from 1931 to 1940 to produce plays with a political message. Many of the people in the group, such as Elia Kazan and Lee Strasberg, became very important in the US … Dictionary of contemporary English
Group Theatre — ► TEATRO Entidad teatral estadounidense, aparecida en la década de 1930, que hizo conocer los sistemas más avanzados de puesta en escena. * * * Compañía teatral de la ciudad de Nueva York (1931–41) fundada por Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford y… … Enciclopedia Universal
Group Theatre (New York) — The Group Theatre was a New York City theater collective formed by Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford and Lee Strasberg in 1931. It was intended as a base for the kind of theater they and their colleagues believed in mdash; a forceful, naturalistic… … Wikipedia
Group Theatre (London) — The Group Theatre (London, no connection with the New York company with the same name) was an experimental theatre company founded in 1932 by Rupert Doone and Robert Medley. It evolved from a play reading group in Cambridge that Doone had been… … Wikipedia
theatre — /thee euh teuhr, theeeu /, n. theater. * * * I Building or space in which performances are given before an audience. It contains an auditorium and stage. In ancient Greece, where Western theatre began (5th century BC), theatres were constructed… … Universalium
theatre, Western — ▪ art Introduction history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre Classical antiquity to the present. For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures.… … Universalium
group — groupwise, adv. /groohp/, n. 1. any collection or assemblage of persons or things; cluster; aggregation: a group of protesters; a remarkable group of paintings. 2. a number of persons or things ranged or considered together as being related in… … Universalium
Theatre — (as used in expressions) Abbey Theatre American Ballet Theatre Group Theatre little theatre Living Theatre, The Royal National Theatre Theatre Guild … Enciclopedia Universal