Grosseteste, Robert


Grosseteste, Robert
born с 1175, Suffolk, Eng.
died Oct. 9, 1253, Buckden, Buckinghamshire

English bishop and scholar.

He introduced Latin translations of Greek and Arabic writings in philosophy and science to Europe. After serving as chancellor of the University of Oxford (с 1215–21), he served as first lecturer in theology to the Franciscans, whom he greatly influenced. As bishop of Lincoln from 1235, he promoted a belief in the importance of the cure of souls, a centralized, hierarchical view of the church, and a belief in the superiority of the church over the state.

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▪ English bishop
born c. 1175, , Suffolk, Eng.
died Oct. 9, 1253, Buckden, Buckinghamshire

      English bishop and scholar who introduced into the world of European Christendom Latin translations of Greek and Arabic philosophical and scientific writings. His philosophical thinking—a somewhat eclectic blend of Aristotelian and Neoplatonic ideas—consistently searched for a rational scheme of things, both natural and divine.

      Grosseteste was educated at the University of Oxford and then held a position with William de Vere, the bishop of Hereford. Grosseteste was chancellor of Oxford from about 1215 to 1221 and was given thereafter a number of ecclesiastical preferments and sinecures from which he resigned in 1232. From 1229 or 1230 to 1235 he was first lecturer in theology to the Franciscans, on whom his influence was profound. The works of this, his pre-episcopal career, include a commentary on Aristotle's (Aristotle) Posterior Analytics and Physics, many independent treatises on scientific subjects, and several scriptural commentaries.

      Grosseteste became bishop of Lincoln in 1235 and held this office until his death. His career as a bishop (during which he translated, among other works, Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics from the Greek) was remarkable for his ruthless pursuit of three abiding principles: a belief in the supreme importance of the cure of souls, a highly centralized and hierarchical conception of the church (church and state), and a conviction of the superiority of the church over the state. His challenge of the widespread practice of endowing officials in the service of the crown and papacy with ecclesiastical benefices intended for the cure of souls brought him into conflict with both. He attended the Council of Lyon (1245) and argued before the papal curia at Lyon (1250).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Grosseteste, Robert — (ca. 1167–1253)    Robert Grosseteste was an English cleric, statesman and scholar. He was the first chancellor of Oxford University and, later, bishop of Lincoln. He was also a prolific writer, producing sermons, commentaries on the Bible and on …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Grosseteste, Robert — (c. 1168–1253) English medieval philosopher. Born in Suffolk, Grosseteste gained a reputation in medicine, and after study in Paris became perhaps the first Chancellor of the university of Oxford. He taught the Franciscans in Oxford, and became… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Grosseteste, Robert — See Metaphysics and science in the thirteenth century …   History of philosophy

  • Grosseteste, Robert — ( 1175, Suffolk, Inglaterra–9 oct. 1253, Buckden, Buckinghamshire). Obispo y erudito inglés. Introdujo en Europa traducciones latinas de obras filosóficas y científicas escritas en griego y árabe. Tras haber sido rector de la Universidad de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Grosseteste, Robert — (d. 1253)    Theologian and scholar, was b. of poor parents at Stradbrook, Suffolk, and studied at Oxf. and possibly Paris. His abilities and learning procured him many preferments; but after an illness he refused to be longer a pluralist, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Grosseteste — Robert Grosseteste (* vor 1170; † 9. Oktober 1253) war ein englischer Theologe und Philosoph und Bischof von Lincoln. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur 4 Webl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Grosseteste —     Robert Grosseteste     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Robert Grosseteste     Bishop of Lincoln and one of the most learned men of the Middle Ages; b. about 1175; d. 9 October, 1253. He came from Stradbroke in the county of Suffolk. Little is known …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Robert Grosseteste — Robert Grossetête Portrait datant du XIIe siècle de Grosseteste Robert Grossetête ou Grosseteste, dit aussi Robert de Lincoln, est un érudit anglais, séculier proche de l Ordre franciscain, évêque de Lincoln, né vers 1175 et mort en 1253. Une… …   Wikipédia en Français


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