- Grey, Sir Edward, 3rd Baronet
died Sept. 7, 1933, Fallodon, near Embleton, NorthumberlandBritish statesman.A relative of Earl Grey, he entered Parliament as a Liberal (1885) and became foreign secretary in 1905. During the Moroccan crises (1905, 1911), he supported France against Germany, but with equivocations that caused diplomatic confusion. After the assassination of Francis Ferdinand (1914), Grey proposed that Austria-Hungary obtain satisfaction from Serbia by occupying Belgrade. When all peace moves failed, he maneuvered a divided British cabinet into World War I, about which he commented, "The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime." He was responsible for the secret Treaty of London (1915).
* * *▪ British statesmanalso called (from 1916) 1st Viscount Grey Of Fallodonborn April 25, 1862, Londondied Sept. 7, 1933, Fallodon, near Embleton, Northumberland, Eng.British statesman whose 11 years (1905–16) as British foreign secretary, the longest uninterrupted tenure of that office in history, were marked by the start of World War I, about which he made a comment that became proverbial: “The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime.”A relative of the 2nd Earl Grey, the prime minister who carried the Reform Bill of 1832, Edward Grey was reared in a strong Whig–Liberal tradition. He succeeded to his grandfather's baronetcy and estate in 1882. From 1885 to 1916, when he was created a viscount, he sat in the House of Commons, and in 1923–24, despite increasing blindness, he led the Liberal opposition in the House of Lords. When his party divided over the South African War (1899–1902), he sided with the Liberal imperialists, led by H.H. Asquith.On Dec. 10, 1905, Grey began his service as foreign secretary, under the new Liberal prime minister, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman. During the Morocco crisis (1905–06), Grey continued the policy of his predecessor, the 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, supporting France against Germany, but with reservations that caused serious diplomatic confusion up to the outbreak of war in 1914. Grey allowed it to be known that, in the event of a German attack, Britain would aid France. He also authorized conferences between the British and French general staffs, but (with the Prime Minister's permission) withheld that decision from the Cabinet to avoid criticism by the more radical ministers. He maintained the British alliance with Japan and, in 1907, concluded an agreement with Russia.When Asquith became prime minister (April 5, 1908), Grey retained his office. In the 1911 Moroccan (Agadir) crisis, he indicated that Britain would defend France against Germany, and in November 1912 he made similar statements in private correspondence with Paul Cambon, French ambassador in London. He made no objection, however, when Asquith told the House of Commons that Great Britain was in no way bound. France and Russia, nonetheless, counted on British armed assistance and dealt with Germany as if Grey had unequivocally promised it.After the assassination of the Austrian archduke Francis Ferdinand at Sarajevo (June 28, 1914), Grey and the German emperor William II independently proposed that Austria-Hungary, without resorting to war, obtain satisfaction from Serbia by occupying Belgrade, which the Serbian government had abandoned. When all peace moves failed, Grey won over a divided Cabinet to accept the war by tying British intervention to Germany's invasion of neutral Belgium rather than to Britain's dubious alliance with France. He was responsible for the secret Treaty of London (April 26, 1915), by which Italy joined Great Britain and her allies, and tried to solicit U.S. support for the Allied cause.On Dec. 5, 1916, Grey retired from office along with Asquith, and he was awarded a viscountcy. In 1919 he was sent on a special mission to the United States in a futile attempt to secure U.S. entry into the League of Nations. His memoirs, Twenty-five Years, 1892–1916, appeared in 1925.
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См. также в других словарях:
sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy … Universalium
baronet — baronetical, adj. /bar euh nit, bar euh net /, n. a member of a British hereditary order of honor, ranking below the barons and made up of commoners, designated by Sir before the name and Baronet, usually abbreviated Bart., after: Sir John Smith … Universalium
Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… … Universalium
Grey — /gray/, n. 1. Charles, 2nd Earl, 1764 1845, British statesman: prime minister 1830 34. 2. Sir Edward (Viscount Fallodon), 1862 1933, British statesman. 3. Sir George, 1812 98, British statesman and colonial administrator: prime minister of New… … Universalium
grey — greyly, adv. greyness, n. /gray/, adj., greyer, greyest, n., v.t., v.i. gray1. * * * (as used in expressions) De Grey River Grey Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey Lady Jane Grey Sir Edward 3rd Baronet Grey Zane Pearl Grey * * * … Universalium
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Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name = The Viscount Grey of Fallodon honorific suffix = KG, PC, DL imagesize = order1 = Foreign Secretary term start1 = 10 December 1905 term end1 = 10 December 1916 monarch1 = Edward VII George V… … Wikipedia