Greenberg, Joseph H(arold)

Greenberg, Joseph H(arold)
born May 28, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died May 7, 2001, Stanford, Calif.

U.S. anthropologist and linguist.

He received his Ph.D. from Northwestern University. He eschewed more orthodox methods of historical linguistics for the approach he termed "mass" or "multilateral" comparison, which involved looking for phonetic resemblances among words in many languages simultaneously. His 1963 classification of African languages into four families (Afroasiatic, Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan, and Khoisan) was widely accepted. However, his 1987 classification of all American Indian languages into just two families, Amerind and Na-Dene (see Athabaskan languages) provoked a rancorous denunciation by specialists, who faulted both his data and his method.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Greenberg, Joseph H(arold) — (28 may. 1915, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–7 may. 2001, Stanford, Cal.). Antropólogo y lingüista estadounidense. Recibió su Ph.D. en la Universidad Northwestern. Dejó de lado los métodos más ortodoxos de la lingüística histórica, reemplazándolos por …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Greenberg — Greenberg, Joseph H. * * * (as used in expressions) Greenberg, Clement Greenberg, Hank Henry Benjamin Greenberg Greenberg, Joseph H(arold) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harold — (as used in expressions) Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde Arlen, Harold Barton, Sir Derek H(arold) R(ichard) Harold George Belafonte, Jr. Bloom, Harold Clurman, Harold (Edgar) Crane, (Harold) Hart James Harold… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • nigerocongoleñas, lenguas — o lenguas níger congo Familia de unas 1. 400 lenguas de África. Todas ellas se consideran lenguas bien diferenciadas y no simplemente dialectos. Los dialectos de estas lenguas que tienen nombre suman muchos miles más, sin considerar las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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