Gordium


Gordium
Ancient city, capital of Phrygia.

Located in what is now northwestern Turkey, its ruins have yielded important information about ancient Phrygian culture. Excavations revealed Early Bronze Age and Hittite settlements, but the city achieved its greatest prominence as the flourishing capital of Phrygia in the 9th–8th centuries BC. According to legend, it was founded by the peasant Gordius, who later became king of Phrygia and contrived the the ingenious Gordian knot. Gordium remained the political centre of Phrygia until the Cimmerians overran it in the early 7th century BC. Though rebuilt under the Persians, it never regained its former splendour.

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▪ ancient city, Turkey
      ancient Anatolian city, the ruins of which, along the banks of the Sakarya (ancient Sangarius) River, northwestern Turkey, have yielded important information about ancient Phrygian culture. American excavations after 1950 revealed Early Bronze Age and Hittite settlements, but the city achieved its greatest prominence as the flourishing capital of Phrygia in the 9th and 8th centuries BC. According to legend, the ancient capital was founded by the peasant Gordius, who contrived the knot later cut by Alexander the Great. Gordium remained the political centre of Phrygia until the Cimmerians (Cimmerian) burned the city and shattered Phrygian power in Anatolia in the early 7th century BC. Though rebuilt under the Persians, Gordium never regained its former splendour.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gordium — (Greek: Gordion, Turkish Gordiyon ) was the capital of ancient Phrygia. It was located at the site of modern Yassihüyük, about 70 80 km southwest of Ankara (capital of Turkey), in the immediate vicinity of Polatlı district. Gordium is situated on …   Wikipedia

  • GORDIUM — urbs Phrygiae ad Sangarium fluv. Xenoph. Vide Gordieum. Hanc Gordiam vocat Iustin. l. 11. c. 7. Gordien urbem petit, quae posita est inter Phrygiam maiorem et minorem. Falsum, inquit Voss. Non enim inter Phrygiam maior. et min. sita urbs Gordium …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Gordium — Gordium, altphrygische Hauptstadt, soll von Gordius benannt sein, der durch einen Orakelspruch aus einem Bauern zum König wurde. Darauf stellte er seinen Wagen, an dessen Deichsel er einen sehr künstlichen Knoten (gordischer Knoten) angebracht… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Gordium — Gordion Yassıhüyük Gordion Les ruines de Gordium Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gordium — noun The capital city of the ancient nation Phrygia (the city is now Yassihüyük in Turkey) …   Wiktionary

  • Gordium — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Siege of Gordium — Infobox Military Conflict Conflict=Siege of Gordium partof=the Wars of Alexander the Great caption= date=December?, 333 BC place=Gordium, Phrygia result=Macedonian victory. territory=All of Anatolia annexed by Macedon. combatant1=Macedon, Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • Zopyre (Gordium) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Zopyre. Zopyre, médecin de Gordium, en Phrygie, ou de Gorte, dans la Crète, était contemporain de Plutarque. Le philosophe de Chéronée le met au nombre des interlocuteurs des Symposiaques ou propos de table (liv …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Гордион — (Gordium)Gordium, древн. город в Малой Азии, столица Фригии в 8–9вв. до н.э. Согласно греческому преданию, был основан царем Гордием, завязавшим тот самый узел, который был разрублен Александром Великим во время его похода в 334г. до н.э.… …   Страны мира. Словарь

  • Гордиум — (Gordium или Gordion) древняя столица фригийских царей на берегу Сангария, основанная, по преданию, Гордием (см.). Позднее Г. назывался Юлиополис и принадлежал к римской провинции Галатии …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона


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