Gonçalves Dias, Antônio

Gonçalves Dias, Antônio
born Aug. 10, 1823, Boa Vista, near Caxias, Maranhão, Braz.
died Nov. 3, 1864, off the coast of Maranhão

Brazilian poet.

A respected ethnologist and scholar, he lived much of the time abroad. He drowned at age 41. His songs, collected in First Poems (1847), More Poems (1848), and Last Poems (1851), which display both exuberance and longing, are a celebration of the New World as a tropical paradise. His "Song of Exile" (1843) is known to every Brazilian schoolchild, and he is regarded as the national poet of Brazil.

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▪ Brazilian poet
born Aug. 10, 1823, Boa Vista, near Caxias, Maranhão, Brazil
died Nov. 3, 1864, off the coast of Maranhão
 Romantic poet generally regarded as the national poet of Brazil. His “Song of Exile” (1843), beginning “Minha terra tem palmeiras” (“My land has palm trees”), is known to every Brazilian schoolchild.

      Though Gonçalves Dias lived much of the time abroad following his education at the University of Coimbra in Portugal, his songs, published as Primeiros Cantos (1846; “First Poems”), Segundos Cantos (1848; “More Poems”), and Últimos Cantos (1851; “Last Poems”), continually celebrated, with exuberance and longing, the New World as a tropical paradise. He was himself of the common Brazilian racial mixture—Portuguese, Indian, and African—that Brazilians consider to be the source of their distinctive temperament.

      Despite the romantic bohemianism of his personal life and his many fleeting love affairs, he was a respected ethnologist and scholar. He published a dictionary of the Tupí Indian language and an unfinished Indian epic, Os Timbiras (1857; “The Timbiras”). He held governmental posts in which he surveyed the school system of northern Brazil, and he did research on Brazilian historical sources in European archives.

      In 1859 he took part in a scientific exploration of his country's natural resources in the Upper Amazon Valley, from which he returned suffering from tuberculosis. In 1862 he sought a cure in Europe, but his health continued to deteriorate, and he sailed for Brazil in 1864. He died in a shipwreck within sight of Maranhão.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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