Glendower, Owen


Glendower, Owen
Welsh Owain Glyndwr

born с 1354
died 1416

Self-proclaimed prince of Wales who led an unsuccessful rebellion against England.

Educated in England, he returned to Wales and touched off an uprising against Henry IV (under whom he had previously fought) in northern Wales in 1400. He was soon in control of most of Wales and had set up a Welsh Parliament. In 1403 his alliance with English nobles was crushed at Shrewsbury, and a later French alliance also failed; his strongholds at Aberystwyth and Harlech fell to the future Henry V in 1408–09. Glendower nonetheless remained active as a guerrilla warrior as late as 1412. His rebellions were the last major Welsh attempts to throw off English rule.

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▪ Welsh hero
Welsh  Owain Glyndwr, or Owain Ap Gruffudd 
born c. 1354
died c. 1416

      self-proclaimed prince of Wales whose unsuccessful rebellion against England was the last major Welsh attempt to throw off English rule. He became a national hero upon the resurgence of Welsh nationalism in the 19th and 20th centuries.

      A descendant of the princes of Powys, Glendower inherited several manors in northern Wales. He studied law in London and then served with the forces of Henry Bolingbroke, an opponent of King Richard II and afterward King Henry IV. When he returned to Wales, he found that England's oppressive rule had crippled the Welsh economy and aroused popular resentment. In September 1400, a year after Bolingbroke usurped the throne, Glendower's violent feud with a neighbour, Reynold, Lord Grey of Ruthin, touched off an uprising in northern Wales. The insurgency quickly became a national struggle for Welsh independence. Glendower formed an alliance with Henry's most powerful opponents, and by 1404 he had control of most of Wales. Styling himself prince of Wales, he established an independent Welsh Parliament and began to formulate his own foreign and ecclesiastical policies. In 1405, however, the tide of battle turned against him. He was twice defeated by Henry IV's son, Prince Henry (later King Henry V), and his allies in England were crushed. Reinforcements sent by France could not save his cause. By 1408–09 Prince Henry had captured Glendower's main strongholds, but the rebel was active in guerrilla fighting as late as 1412.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Glendower,Owen — Glen·dow·er (glĕnʹdou ər, glĕn douʹ ), Owen. 1359? 1416?. Welsh rebel who led a revolt against Henry IV (1400), controlled most of Wales, and summoned his own parliament (1405) before being effectively crushed by English forces (1409). * * * …   Universalium

  • Glendower, Owen — galés Owain Glyndwr ( 1354–1416). Autoproclamado príncipe de Gales que encabezó una fracasada rebelión contra Inglaterra. Educado en este último país, regresó a Gales y lideró una sublevación en el norte en 1400 contra Enrique IV (bajo cuyas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GLENDOWER, OWEN —    a Welsh chief and patriot, a descendant of the old Welsh princes who stirred up a rebellion against the English under Henry IV., which, with the help of the Percies of Northumberland and Charles VI. of France, he conducted with varied success… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Owen Glendower —   [ əʊɪn glendaʊə], walisischer Nationalheld, Glendower, Owen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Owen — Owen, Robert Owen, Wilfred * * * (as used in expressions) Gehry, Frank O(wen) Glendower, Owen Owen, Robert Owen, Robert Dale Owen, Wilfred Wister, Owen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Owen Glendower — noun Welsh chieftain who led a revolt against Henry IV s rule in Wales (1359 1416) • Syn: ↑Glendower • Instance Hypernyms: ↑headman, ↑tribal chief, ↑chieftain, ↑chief * * * Owen …   Useful english dictionary

  • Owen — /oh euhn/, n. 1. Sir Richard, 1804 92, English zoologist and anatomist. 2. Robert, 1771 1858, Welsh social reformer in Great Britain and the U.S. 3. Wilfred, 1893 1918, English poet. 4. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Gehry… …   Universalium

  • Owen Glendower (novel) — Owen Glendower is a historical novel by John Cowper Powys, first published in 1940. Plot introduction The book tells the story of the rebellion of Owain Glyndŵr, as seen through the eyes of his young relation, Rhisiart ab Owen of Hereford. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Owen Glendower — may refer to:*Owain Glyndŵr, a native Welsh leader of the early 15th century; *Owen Glendower (novel), a 1940 novel by John Cowper Powys about the historical figure …   Wikipedia

  • Glendower — can refer to:People*Owen Glendower, an English name for Owain Glyndŵr, a medieval Welsh noblemanPlaces*Glendower State Memorial, a historic house in Lebanon, Ohio * Glendower, Ohio, the original name of a town in Morgan Township, Butler County,… …   Wikipedia