- Gleason, Jackie
orig. Herbert John Gleasonborn Feb. 26, 1916, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.died June 24, 1987, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.U.S. comedian and actor.He performed in carnivals and nightclubs and later played minor roles in films and on the stage. He achieved success in the television comedy series Cavalcade of Stars (1950–52), The Jackie Gleason Show (1952–59, 1961–70), and The Honeymooners (1955–56), which centred on his most beloved character, bus driver Ralph Kramden. He starred on Broadway in Take Me Along (1959, Tony Award) and received acclaim for his screen performances in The Hustler (1961), Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962), and Soldier in the Rain (1963). He later was featured in Smokey and the Bandit (1977) and its sequels (1980, 1983).
* * *▪ American actororiginal name Herbert John Gleasonborn Feb. 26, 1916, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.died June 24, 1987, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.American comedian best known for his portrayal of Ralph Kramden in the television series The Honeymooners.Growing up in the slums of Brooklyn, Gleason frequently attended vaudeville shows, a habit that fueled his determination to have a stage career. His father abandoned the family in 1925, and in 1930 Gleason dropped out of high school in order to support his mother. He earned money with odd jobs, pool hustling, and performing in vaudeville. After the death of his mother in 1935, Gleason began to sharpen his comic talents in local nightclubs.In 1940 Gleason appeared in his first Broadway show, Keep Off the Grass, which starred top comics Ray Bolger and Jimmy Durante (Durante, Jimmy). After the show's run, he returned to nightclub work and was spotted and signed to a movie contract by Warner Brothers chairman Jack Warner. His first film was Navy Blues (1941), but movie stardom eluded him, and he returned to New York after making seven more mediocre films.Gleason appeared in the Broadway shows Follow the Girls (1944) and Along Fifth Avenue (1949) and starred for one season in the television program The Life of Riley (1949). Not until 1950, when he hosted the DuMont television network's variety show Cavalcade of Stars, did Gleason's career start to gain momentum. In 1952 he moved to CBS (CBS Corporation) as host of The Jackie Gleason Show, in which he showcased his repertoire of comic characters such as the millionaire playboy Reginald VanGleason III, the silent and naive Poor Soul, the boorish Charlie Bratton, and his most popular, the Brooklyn bus driver Ralph Kramden.The sketches featuring the big-mouthed Kramden and his sharp-tongued wife, Alice, collectively known as The Honeymooners, were originally 5 to 10 minutes long, but by 1954 they dominated the show. The Honeymooners was popular not only because of Gleason but also because of the comic sparks between Gleason and costars Art Carney, who played Kramden's dim-witted but devoted friend Ed Norton, and Audrey Meadows, who portrayed his long-suffering wife. In 1955–56, for one TV season, Gleason turned The Honeymooners into a half-hour situation comedy. These episodes, known to fans as “the Classic 39” and repeated endlessly through the years in syndication, kept Gleason and Ralph Kramden household names.During that time Gleason also released a number of romantic mood-music record albums on which he is credited as orchestra conductor. “Every time I watched Clark Gable do a love scene in the movies, I'd hear this real pretty music, real romantic, come up behind him and help set the mood,” Gleason once explained, “so I figured if Clark Gable needs that kind of help, then a guy in Canarsie has gotta be dyin' for somethin' like this!” Gleason earned gold records for such top-selling LPs as Music for Lovers Only (1953) and Music to Make You Misty (1955).After winning a Tony Award for his performance in the Broadway musical Take Me Along (1959), Gleason continued hosting television variety shows through the 1960s and landed some choice movie roles. His portrayal of pool shark Minnesota Fats in The Hustler (1961) garnered an Oscar nomination for best supporting actor, and in the next few years he appeared in such notable films as Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962), Gigot (1962), Papa's Delicate Condition (1963), and Soldier in the Rain (1963). Gleason's subsequent film career was spotty, but he did have memorable turns in the cable television film Mr. Halpern and Mr. Johnson (1983) and in the movie Nothing in Common (1986). He reunited with Carney and Meadows for a series of Honeymooners specials in the late 1970s and teamed again with Carney for the television movie Izzy and Moe in 1985. That same year he unveiled dozens of “lost” Honeymooners episodes; their release was much heralded by fans.Additional ReadingWilliam A. Henry III, The Great One: The Life & Legend of Jackie Gleason (1992).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Gleason, Jackie — orig. Herbert John Gleason (26 feb. 1916, Brooklyn, N.Y., EE.UU. 24 jun. 1987, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.). Comediante y actor estadounidense. Actuó en ferias ambulantes y clubes nocturnos, y más tarde obtuvo papeles de reparto en diversas películas y … Enciclopedia Universal
Jackie Gleason — Infobox actor imagesize = 200px caption = Gleason as Minnesota Fats in The Hustler (1961). birthname = Herbert Walton Gleason, Jr. birthdate = birth date|1916|02|26 birthplace = Bushwick, Brooklyn, New York deathdate = death date and… … Wikipedia
Jackie Gleason — El texto que sigue es una traducción defectuosa o incompleta. Si quieres colaborar con Wikipedia, busca el artículo original y mejora o finaliza esta traducción. Puedes dar aviso al autor principal del artículo pegando el siguiente código en su… … Wikipedia Español
Jackie Gleason — Brendan Behan et Jackie Gleason Jackie Gleason est un acteur, compositeur, producteur, scénariste et réalisateur américain né le 26 février 1916 à Bushwick, Brooklyn (États Unis), décédé le 24 juin 1987 à Fort Lauderdale ( … Wikipédia en Français
Jackie — /jak ee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Jacqueline. 2. a male given name, form of Jack. * * * (as used in expressions) Gleason Jackie Joyner Kersee Jackie Robinson Jackie * * * … Universalium
Jackie — (as used in expressions) Gleason, Jackie Joyner Kersee, Jackie Robinson, Jackie … Enciclopedia Universal
Jackie — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Jackie Brenston (1930–1979), US amerikanischer Rhythm and Blues Musiker Jackie Cain (* 1928 als Jacqueline Ruth Cain), US amerikanische Jazzsängerin Jackie Cerone (eigentlich John „Jackie The Lackey“ Cerone;… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gleason (surname) — Gleason is a surname, and may refer to:;Persons:*Adda Gleason (1888–1971), American actress *Andrew Gleason (born 1921), American mathematician and the eponym of Gleason’s theorem *Bill Gleason (1858–1932), American professional baseball player… … Wikipedia
Gleason — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrew Gleason (1921−2008), US amerikanischer Mathematiker Harold Gleason (1892–1980), US amerikanischer Organist, Musikpädagoge und Musikwissenschaftler Henry Allan Gleason (Botaniker) (1882–1975), US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gleason — may refer to:In places:*Gleason, Tennessee, a US townOther: *Gleason Corporation, a machine tool company based in Rochester, New York, USA *Gleason Engineering, a petroleum engineering consulting firm in Dallas Fort Worth, Texas, USAPeople with… … Wikipedia