- Giraldus Cambrensis
or Gerald of Walesdied с 1223Historian and archdeacon of Brecknock, Wales (1175–1204).Educated in Paris, he returned to Wales and struggled unsuccessfully to become bishop of St. David's, hoping to make it independent of Canterbury. He advised Henry II of England and Henry's son John, especially on Welsh and Irish issues. His accounts of life in the late 12th century have proved valuable to historians.
* * *▪ Welsh clergymanalso called Gerald Of Wales, or Gerald De Barriborn c. 1146, , Manorbier Castle, Pembrokeshire, Walesdied c. 1223archdeacon of Brecknock, Brecknockshire (1175–1204), and historian, whose accounts of life in the late 12th century stand as a valuable historical source. His works contain vivid anecdotes about the Christian church, particularly in Wales, about the growing universities of Paris and Oxford, and about notable clerics and laymen.Of noble birth, Gerald was educated in Paris, and, on returning to Wales (1175), he was appointed archdeacon of Brecknock. The following year, after he was nominated (but not elected) as bishop of the ancient see of St. David's, Pembrokeshire, he returned to Paris to study canon law and theology.Gerald entered the service of King Henry II of England probably in July 1184. Two journeys during that period led to the compilation of his important books on Ireland and Wales. He visited Ireland on a military expedition (1185–86) with Henry's son, the future King John, and as a result wrote Topographia Hibernica (c. 1188; “Topography of Ireland”) and Expugnatio Hibernica (c. 1189; “Conquest of Ireland”). Gerald's Welsh tour in 1188 with Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury, undertaken to raise soldiers for the Third Crusade, prompted his Itinerarium Cambriae (1191; “Itinerary of Wales”) and Cambriae descriptio (1194; “Description of Wales”). He left the king's service in 1195, retiring to Lincoln to study theology.From 1199 to 1203 Gerald's life was clouded by his frustrated ambition to become bishop of St. David's and to make it independent of Canterbury, thereby restoring the see's ancient power of exercising metropolitan rights over much of southern Wales as it had done prior to the Anglo-Norman penetration into Wales. This ambition led him to reject four Irish and two Welsh bishoprics. He was again nominated for St. David's in 1199, but the archbishop of Canterbury promoted a rival candidate; Pope Innocent III quashed both elections in 1203. Gerald explained his career and especially his struggle over St. David's in his autobiography, De rebus a se gestis (c. 1204–05; “Concerning the Facts of My History”; Eng. trans. The Autobiography of Giraldus Cambrensis). Gerald resigned his archdeaconry the following year. After revisiting Ireland (1205–06), he made a pilgrimage to Rome in 1207.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Giraldus Cambrensis — Nacimiento 1146 Castillo de Manorbier, Pembrokeshire, Gales Fallecimiento … Wikipedia Español
Giraldus Cambrensis — • Biographical article on the medieval ecclesiastic and writer Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Giraldus Cambrensis Giraldus Cambrensis … Catholic encyclopedia
Giraldus Cambrensis — (* 1146 in Manorbier Castle in Pembrokeshire; † 1223 in Lincoln), walisisch Gerallt Cymro, mehr bekannt unter der deutschen Übersetzung seines lateinischen Namens, Gerald von Wales, war ein normannisch walisischer Adeliger. Er war Archidiakon,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giraldus Cambrensis — (Gerald of Wales) (ca. 1146–ca. 1223) Gerald of Wales, or Giraldus Cambrensis, was a priest, a courtier, a scholar, and historian whose numerous Latin works established him as an important man of letters in 12th and 13th century England and… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Giraldus Cambrensis — Giraud de Barri Pour les articles homonymes, voir Giraud et Barry. Giraud de Barri, ou Giraud le Cambrien (Giraldus Cambrensis en latin), également appelé Gerallt Gymro en gallois, ou Gerald of Wales en anglais, ou Gérald Barry en français, est… … Wikipédia en Français
GIRALDUS CAMBRENSIS — (i. e. Giraldus of Cambria), ecclesiastic and author, born in Pembrokeshire, of Norman descent; studied with distinction in Paris; was a zealous churchman; obtained ecclesiastical preferment in England; was twice elected bishop of St. David s … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Giraldus Cambrensis — o Gerardo de Gales ( 1146, castillo de Manorbier, Pembrokeshire, Gales– 1223). Historiador y arcediano de Brecknock, Gales (1175–1204). Educado en París, regresó a Gales y trató infructuosamente de convertirse en obispo de San David, con la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Giraldus Cambrensis — Girạldus Cambrẹnsis, mittellateinischer Geschichtsschreiber, Gerald, G. von Wales … Universal-Lexikon
Giraldus Cambrensis — (literary name of GERALD DE BARRI) (1146? 1220?) Geographer and historian, was b. of a Norman family settled in Wales, which intermarried with the Royal family of that country. He was an eminent scholar and Churchman, whose object of ambition… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Giraldus Cambrensis — /dʒɪˈrældəs kæmˈbrɛnsəs/ (say ji ralduhs kam brensuhs) noun (Gerald de Barri), c.1146–c.1223, Welsh chronicler who recorded his travels in Ireland and Wales … Australian English dictionary