Genée, Dame Adeline


Genée, Dame Adeline
orig. Anina Margarete Kirstina Petra Jensen

born Jan. 6, 1878, Hinnerup, Den.
died April 23, 1970, Esher, Surrey, Eng.

Danish-born British dancer, choreographer, and teacher.

She made her debut in Norway at age 10. In 1897 she was engaged at the Empire Theatre in London, where she became one of the leading figures of the Edwardian theatre. After 1909 she occasionally performed in ballets she herself produced, including La Danse (1912), which addressed the history of ballet. In 1920 she established an organization that in 1936 became the Royal Academy of Dancing. She was made a Dame of the British Empire in 1950.

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▪ British dancer
original name in full  Anina Margarete Kirstina Petra Jensen  
born January 6, 1878, Hinnerup, Denmark
died April 23, 1970, Esher, England
 dancer, choreographer, and teacher who was founder-president of the Royal Academy of Dancing.

      The daughter of a farmer, Anina Jensen was adopted at age eight by her uncle, Alexander Genée, director of a modest touring ballet company. Trained by her uncle and his wife, Antonia Zimmermann, she revealed a precocious talent and made her first stage appearance in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway, at age 10 under the name Adeline Genée. After a brief engagement at the Berlin opera, she was engaged in Munich, Germany, where, in 1896, she appeared in Coppélia.

      An invitation from the Empire Theatre in London in 1897 proved to be the turning point in Genée's career. Although it was a music hall, the Empire devoted a large proportion of its repertoire to ballet, for which it employed a permanent company, then under the direction of Katti Lanner. There, over the next 10 years, Genée became one of the leading figures of the Edwardian theatre, bewitching large audiences nightly in ballets such as The Press (1898), Old China (1901), The Milliner Duchess (1903), The Dancing Doll (1905), The Debutante (1906), all choreographed by Lanner, and most particularly in Coppélia (1906), which her uncle produced.

      Between 1908 and 1911 Genée paid three extended visits to the United States, appearing in musicals such as The Soul Kiss (1908) and The Bachelor Belles (1910). Her association with the Empire ended in 1909, when she played in her uncle's production of the ballet segment in Giacomo Meyerbeer (Meyerbeer, Giacomo)'s opera Robert le Diable. From then on she performed only occasionally, in limited seasons under her own direction, and in ballets produced by herself. These included La Camargo and La Danse (both 1912), essays in the styles respectively of the 18th and 19th centuries. Another American tour in 1912 was followed by an extended tour of Australia and New Zealand. During the First World War Genée performed in a few isolated seasons, her last ballet being The Pretty Prentice (1916). She retired as a dancer the following year.

      Toward its end, Genée's dance career was somewhat overshadowed by the impact of Sergey Diaghilev (Diaghilev, Sergey Pavlovich)'s company, Ballets Russes; however, the growth of a national ballet tradition in England that was to follow was undoubtedly assisted by the interest in ballet that Genée had fostered in a wide spectrum of the British public.

      Genée's performing career was only one facet of her legacy to the dance. In 1920 she was the guiding figure in the small but distinguished group of dance personalities who worked to establish an organization that would set and enforce standards in ballet teaching. Following the grant of a royal charter in 1936, the Association of Operatic Dancing of Great Britain, as the organization was originally called, became the Royal Academy of Dancing, at the helm of which Genée remained as founder-president until 1954. In 1950 she was made a Dame of the British Empire, the first member of the dance profession to be so honoured.

Isabella Gordon
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genée, Dame Adeline — orig. Anina Margarete Kirstina Petra Jensen (6 ene. 1878, Hinnerup, Dinamarca–23 abr. 1970, Esher, Surrey, Inglaterra). Bailarina, coreógrafa y profesora de ballet británica de origen danés. Debutó en Noruega a los 10 años de edad. En 1897 la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • dame — /daym/, n. 1. (cap.) (in Britain) a. the official title of a female member of the Order of the British Empire, equivalent to that of a knight. b. the official title of the wife of a knight or baronet. 2. (formerly) a form of address to any woman… …   Universalium

  • Dame — (as used in expressions) Andrews, Dame Julie Ashcroft, Dame Peggy Christie, Dame Agatha (Mary Clarissa) Compton Burnett, Dame Ivy Cooper, Dame Gladys De Valois, Dame Ninette Dench, Dame Judi(th Olivia) Evans, Dame Edith (Mary) Fields, Dame Gracie …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adeline — /ad l uyn /; Dan. /ah deuh lee neuh/; Fr. /anndeu leen /; Ger. /ah day lee neuh/, n. a female given name, form of Adele. Also, Adelina /ad l ee neuh, uy neuh/. * * * (as used in expressions) Genée Dame Adeline Woolf Adeline Virginia Adeline… …   Universalium

  • Adeline — (as used in expressions) Genée, Dame Adeline Woolf, (Adeline) Virginia Adeline Virginia Stephen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adeline Genée — Genée in her original ballet, Camargo, Sydney, 1912 Dame Adeline Genée DBE (6 January 1878 23 April 1970) was a Danish/British ballet dancer. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Adeline Genée — dans son costume de la Camargo en 1912 à Sydney Dame Adeline Genée, née Anina Kirstina Margarete Petra Jensen à Århus, Danemark, le 6 janvier 1878 et décédée à Esher, Surrey, le 23 avril 1970, était une …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adeline Genee — Adeline Genée Adeline Genée, née Anina Kirstina Margarete Petra Jensen à Århus, Danemark, le 6 janvier 1878 et décédée à Esher, Surrey, le 23 avril 1970, était une danseuse britannique d origine danoise. Biographie Adoptée par son oncle Alexandre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Genée — Genée,   1) [ʃi ni], Dame (seit 1950) Adeline, eigentlich Anina Jẹnsen, dänische Tänzerin, * Århus 6. 1. 1878, ✝ Esher (County Surrey) 23. 4. 1970. Nach ihrem Debüt 1888 in Christiania (heute Oslo) kam sie über Stettin, Berlin und München 1897… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Royal Academy of Dance — The Royal Academy of Dance (RAD) is a leading International dance examination board specialising in Classical Ballet. The Academy was established in London, England in 1920 and received its Royal Charter in 1936. HM Queen Elizabeth II is… …   Wikipedia


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