- Gentileschi, Artemisia
died 1652/53, Naples, Kingdom of NaplesItalian painter.The daughter of Orazio Gentileschi, she studied with him and with the landscape painter Agostino Tassi. Her earliest known work is Susanna and the Elders (1610), formerly attributed to Orazio. She was raped by Tassi, and, when he did not fulfill his promise to marry her, Orazio Gentileschi brought him to trial in 1612. During that event she herself was forced to give evidence under torture. In 1616 she joined the Academy of Design in Florence and began to develop a powerful style of her own. She was one of the greatest of Caravaggio's followers in the Baroque style. Although her compositions were graceful, her subject matter was often violent; she illustrated such subjects as the story from the Apocrypha of Judith, the Jewish heroine, beheading Holofernes, an invading general. She worked in Rome and Naples and spent three years with her father in London (1638–41). The first woman artist to attain an international reputation, she is admired today as the earliest to show a feminist consciousness in her work.
* * *▪ Italian painterborn July 8, 1593, Rome, Papal States [Italy]died 1652/53, Naples, Kingdom of NaplesItalian painter, daughter of Orazio Gentileschi (Gentileschi, Orazio), who was a major follower of the revolutionary Baroque painter Caravaggio. She was an important second-generation proponent of Caravaggio's dramatic realism.A pupil of her father and of his friend the landscape painter Agostino Tassi, she painted at first in a style indistinguishable from her father's somewhat lyrical interpretation of Caravaggio's example. Her first known work is Susanna and the Elders (1610), an accomplished work long attributed to her father. She also painted two versions of a scene already essayed by Caravaggio (but never attempted by her father), Judith Beheading Holofernes (c. 1612–13; c. 1620). She was raped by Tassi, and, when he did not fulfill his promise to marry her, Orazio Gentileschi in 1612 brought him to trial. During that event she herself was forced to give evidence under torture.Shortly after the trial she married a Florentine, and in 1616 she joined Florence's Academy of Design, the first woman to do so. While in Florence she began to develop her own distinct style. Unlike many other women artists of the 17th century, she specialized in history painting rather than still life and portraiture. In Florence she was associated with the Medici court and painted an Allegory of Inclination (c. 1616) for the series of frescoes honouring the life of Michelangelo in the Casa Buonarotti. Her colours are more brilliant than her father's, and she continued to employ the tenebrism made popular by Caravaggio long after her father had abandoned that style.Artemisia Gentileschi was in Rome for a time and also in Venice. About 1630 she moved to Naples, and in 1638 she arrived in London, where she worked alongside her father for King Charles I. They collaborated on the ceiling paintings of the Great Hall in the Queen's House in Greenwich. After Orazio's death in 1639, she stayed on in London for at least several more years. According to her biographer Baldinucci (who appended her life to that of her father), she painted many portraits and quickly surpassed her father's fame. Later, probably in 1640 or 1641, she settled in Naples, where she painted several versions of the story of David and Bathsheba, but little is known of the final years of her life.Additional ReadingMary D. Garrard, Artemisia Gentileschi: The Image of the Female Hero in Italian Baroque Art (1989); R. Ward Bissell, Artemisia Gentileschi and the Authority of Art: Critical Reading and Catalogue Raisonné (1999).
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GENTILESCHI, Artemisia — (1593 1652/53) Artemisia Gentileschi was the first female Italian artist determined to compete with the male artists of her time; she claimed to have the spirit of Caesar in the soul of a woman. Artemisia deserves recognition as a transmitter of… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Gentileschi, Artemisia — (1593 1652) Artemisia was the daughter of Orazio Gentileschi, who trained her. Unlike other female artists of her era, she did not settle for lower genres but rather insisted on rendering mainstream scenes. Her favored subject was the female… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Gentileschi, Artemisia — (1593, Roma, Estados Pontificios–1652/53, Napolés, Reino de Nápoles). Pintora italiana. Hija de Orazio Gentileschi, estudió con él y con el paisajista Agostino Tassi. Su obra más temprana conocida es Susana y los ancianos (1610), atribuida… … Enciclopedia Universal
Gentileschi, Artemisia — (1593 1652/3) One of the first female painters since ancient times to attain recognition as an important artist. She was the daughter of a pupil of the artist Caravaggio and was born and trained at Rome. Her paintings of biblical women such as … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Gentileschi,Artemisia — Gen·ti·le·schi (jĕn tē lĕsʹkē), Artemisia. 1593? 1652?. Italian Renaissance painter whose works include self portraits and paintings of courageous women of the Old Testament. * * * … Universalium
Artemisia Gentileschi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Artemisia Gentileschi … Wikipedia Español
Artémisia Gentileschi — Artemisia Gentileschi Artemisia Lomi Gentileschi Autoportrait en Allégorie de la peinture 1638 1939, Royal Collection, Windsor Naissance 8 juillet 1593 … Wikipédia en Français
Artémisia — Artemisia Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Artemisia est, en botanique, le nom latin de l armoise. Artemisia est aussi un prénom féminin, porté notamment par : Artemisia Gentileschi … Wikipédia en Français
Gentileschi, Orazio — orig. Orazio Lomi born 1562, Pisa died с 1639, London, Eng. Italian painter. He went to Rome с 1576–78 and painted frescoes in various churches (с 1590–1600). His paintings of the early 17th century reveal the influence of Caravaggio s strong… … Universalium
Artemisia — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Artemisia est, en botanique, le nom latin de l armoise. Artemisia est aussi un prénom féminin, formé à partir du substantif grec artemia, intégrité… … Wikipédia en Français