- Genroku period
(1688–1704) Period in Japanese history characterized by a flourishing of the culture of the non-samurai city dweller.The term is often used to cover a longer cultural period (с 1675–1725). Ostentatious displays of wealth were prohibited, but the affluent townspeople of Kyōto, Ōsaka, and Edo (Tokyo) found means to display their wealth. Much time and money was spent in the pleasure quarters, districts where theatres, brothels, and teahouses were located, and this "floating (i.e., fleeting) world," or ukiyo, was commemorated in brightly colored woodblock prints (see ukiyo-e). The Genroku period set the standards for an urban culture that continued throughout the Edo period. See also Edo culture.
* * *▪ Japanese historyin Japanese history, era from 1688 to 1704, characterized by a rapidly expanding commercial economy and the development of a vibrant urban culture centred in the cities of Kyōto, Ōsaka, and Edo (Tokyo). The growth of the cities was a natural outcome of a century of peaceful Tokugawa rule and its policies designed to concentrate samurai in castle towns. Whereas Edo became the administrative capital of the Tokugawa shogunate, Ōsaka served as the country's commercial hub, and rich Ōsaka merchants generally were the ones who defined Genroku culture. Free of the rigid codes that restricted samurai, townsmen could spend their leisure in the pursuit of pleasure, while their profits created a cultural explosion. The bunraku puppet theatre and kabuki developed into a high dramatic art with the works of the playwrights Chikamatsu Monzaemon and Takeda Izumo. The stories of Ihara Saikaku humorously depicted urban life, while haiku poetry was perfected by Matsuo Bashō. In art the wood-block prints (ukiyo-e) of Hishikawa Moronobu rank among the earliest masterpieces. Other notable pieces of wood-block art, including those of Suzuki Harunobu, who developed the multicolour technique, soon followed. The Genroku period set the standards for an urban culture that continued to flourish throughout the Tokugawa period.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
period — /pear ee euhd/, n. 1. a rather large interval of time that is meaningful in the life of a person, in history, etc., because of its particular characteristics: a period of illness; a period of great profitability for a company; a period of social… … Universalium
Genroku — Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 415.] The years of Genroku are generally considered to be the Golden Age of the Edo Period. The previous hundred years of peace and seclusion in Japan had created relative economic… … Wikipedia
Genroku — /gen roh kooh/; Japn. /gen rddaw koo/, n. a period of Japanese cultural history, c1675 1725, characterized by depiction of everyday secular activities of urban dwellers in fiction and woodblock prints. [ < Japn, the imperial era name (official… … Universalium
Genroku — /gen roh kooh/; Japn. /gen rddaw koo/, n. a period of Japanese cultural history, c1675 1725, characterized by depiction of everyday secular activities of urban dwellers in fiction and woodblock prints. [ < Japn, the imperial era name (official … Useful english dictionary
Genroku era — The period from 1688 1703. An era of innovation and creativity in the arts which lends its name to much of the culture of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. It saw the development of ukiyo e, woodblock prints of the floating… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto
Tokugawa period — (1603–1867) In Japanese history, period of the military government established by Tokugawa Ieyasu with his assumption of the title of shogun in 1603. The structures Ieyasu set in place were effective for governing Japan for the next 264 years. He … Universalium
Bunka-Bunsei period — ▪ Japanese history also called Ōgosho Period, in Japanese history, the era from 1804 to 1829, which witnessed an urban cultural scene unmatched since the Genroku period (1688–1704). The austere reforms and sumptuary laws passed under… … Universalium
Meiji period — History of Japan Meiji Constitution promulgation Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 … Wikipedia
Mommu (period) — History of Japan Shōsōin Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 Asuka period … Wikipedia
arts, East Asian — Introduction music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature. Some studies of East Asia… … Universalium