Gegenbaur, Karl


Gegenbaur, Karl
born Aug. 21, 1826, Würzburg, Bavaria
died June 14, 1903, Heidelberg, Ger.

German anatomist.

A strong supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, he showed that comparative anatomy supplies evidence of it. His Elements of Comparative Anatomy (1859) stressed that structural similarities in different animals, especially parts with a common origin (e.g., human arm, horse's foreleg, and bird's wing), give clues to their evolutionary history.

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▪ German anatomist
born Aug. 21, 1826, Würzburg, Bavaria [Germany]
died June 14, 1903, Heidelberg, Ger.

      German anatomist who demonstrated that the field of comparative anatomy offers important evidence in support of evolutionary theory.

      A professor of anatomy at the universities of Jena (1855–73) and Heidelberg (1873–1903), Gegenbaur was a strong supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of organic evolution. His Grundzüge der vergleichenden Anatomie (1859; Elements of Comparative Anatomy) became the standard textbook of evolutionary morphology, emphasizing that structural similarities in different animals constitute clues to their evolutionary history. In this work Gegenbaur stated that “the most important part of the business of comparative anatomy is to find indications of genetic connections in the organization of the animal body.” He pointed out that the most reliable clue to these connections is homology, the comparison of those parts that have a common evolutionary origin, such as a man's arm, a horse's foreleg, and a bird's wing.

      Gegenbaur confirmed German zoologist Theodor Schwann's hypothesis that all eggs and sperm are single cells (1861), and he supported the British biologist Thomas Huxley in disproving the concept that the vertebrate skull arose from expanded vertebrae.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Gegenbaur, Karl — (21 ago. 1826, Würzburg, Baviera–14 jun. 1903, Heidelberg, Alemania). Anatomista alemán. Fuerte partidario de la teoría de la evolución de Charles Darwin, demostró que la anatomía comparada la respalda. En su obra Elements of Comparative Anatomy… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gegenbaur [2] — Gegenbaur, Karl, Anatom, geb. 21. Aug. 1826 in Würzburg, Prof. in Heidelberg, gest. das. 14. Juni 1903; schrieb: »Vergleichende Anatomie« (2. Aufl. 1878), »Lehrbuch der Anatomie des Menschen« (7. Aufl., 2 Bde., 1899) u.a. – Vgl. Fürbringer (1903) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Karl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Karl Marx Stadt Abraham Karl Baedeker Karl Baer Karl Ernst knight von Barth Karl Benz Karl Friedrich Böhm Karl Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm Bruch Max Karl August Brugmann… …   Universalium

  • Karl — (as used in expressions) Abraham, Karl Franz Albrecht August Karl Emanuel, príncipe von Sajonia Coburgo Gotha Baedeker, Karl Baer, Karl Ernst, caballero de Barth, Karl Benz, Karl (Friedrich) Böhm, Karl Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm Bruch, Max (Karl… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl Gegenbauer — Karl Gegenbaur Portrait de Karl Gegenbaur Carl ou Karl Gegenbaur, né le 21 août 1826 à Wurtzbourg et mort le 14 juin 1903 à Heidelberg, est un anatomiste allemand. Il entre à l université de sa ville natale en 1845. Après… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karl Gegenbaur — Carl ou Karl Gegenbaur, né le 21 août 1826 à Wurtzbourg et mort le 14 juin 1903 à Heidelberg, est un anatomiste allemand. Il entre à l université de sa ville natale en 1845. Après avoir obtenu son titre de docteur, il voyage e …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gegenbaur — Gegenbaur, 1) Anton von, Maler, geb. 6. März 1800 zu Wangen in Württemberg, gest. 31. Jan. 1876 in Rom, bildete sich 1815–23 unter R. v. Langer auf der Akademie in München und malte während dieser Zeit als Altarbild für seinen Heimatsort einen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Karl Gegenbaur — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image width =150px caption = PAGENAME: photograph birth date = August 21, 1826 birth place = Würzburg, Bavaria death date = June 14, 1903 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = German… …   Wikipedia

  • Carl Gegenbaur — Karl Gegenbaur Portrait de Karl Gegenbaur Carl ou Karl Gegenbaur, né le 21 août 1826 à Wurtzbourg et mort le 14 juin 1903 à Heidelberg, est un anatomiste allemand. Il entre à l université de sa ville natale en 1845. Après… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Gegenbaur — Retrato de Karl Gegenbaur. Carl o Karl Gegenbaur (21 de agosto de 1826, Würzburg 14 de junio de 1903, Heidelberg) fue un anatomista alemán. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español


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