Garnier, Tony


Garnier, Tony
born Aug. 13, 1869, Lyon, Fr.
died Jan. 19, 1948, Roquefort-la Bédoule

French architect.

The son of Charles Garnier (see Paris Opéra), he held the position of architect of Lyon from 1905 to 1919. He is known chiefly for his Cité Industrielle, a farsighted plan for an industrial city. Most striking is his depiction of simplified reinforced-concrete forms inspired by the pioneering work of Auguste Perret. The most important work in Lyon to emerge from his Cité Industrielle plan was the large stockyard complex of 1908–24.

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▪ French architect
born Aug. 13, 1869, Lyon
died Jan. 19, 1948, Roquefort-la Bédoule, Fr.

      a forerunner of 20th-century French architects, notable for his Cité Industrielle, a farsighted plan for an industrial city. He is also remembered, along with Auguste Perret, for the pioneering use of reinforced concrete.

      On his Prix de Rome grant Garnier developed plans (beginning in 1898, exhibited in 1904, and published in 1917) for an entire industrial city, embracing new concepts in city planning: long, narrow lots running east–west, buildings separated by wide open spaces, separate levels provided for pedestrians, and houses with roof gardens. The plan called for the extensive use of reinforced concrete.

      In 1905 Garnier was appointed architect of Lyon, a position he held until 1919. The most important work in Lyon to emerge from his Cité Industrielle was the large stockyards complex of 1908–24. Other works include the stadium (1913–18), the Grange Blanche Hospital, with its 22 pavilions (started in 1911, completed in 1927), the War Memorial (1924), and the housing project known as Les États Unis (1920–35; The United States).

Additional Reading
Dora Wiebenson, Tony Garnier: The Cité Industrielle (1969), is well illustrated.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Garnier, Tony — ► (1869 48) Arquitecto y urbanista francés. Autor del proyecto de la Ciudad Industrial, en el que quedaron formulados los principios funcionalistas del urbanismo moderno. * * * (13 ago. 1869, Lyon; Francia–19 ene. 1948, Roquefort la Bédoule).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tony Garnier (architecte) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Garnier. Tony Garnier (13 août 1869 à Lyon 19 janvier 1948 à Roquefort la Bédoule), est un architecte et urbaniste français. Il ne faut pas le confondre avec l architecte Charles Garnier (Opéra Garnier à Paris) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tony garnier — (architecte) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Garnier. Tony Garnier (13 août 1869 à Lyon 19 janvier 1948 à Roquefort la Bédoule), est un architecte et urbaniste français. Il ne faut pas le confondre avec l architecte Charles Garnier (Opéra… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GARNIER (T.) — GARNIER TONY (1869 1948) Bien plus célèbre pour son projet de cité industrielle que pour ses quelques réalisations, Tony Garnier est un extraordinaire précurseur; il est le premier grand urbaniste moderne. Ses propositions seront reprises,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Garnier — Garnier, Adolphe Garnier, Jean Louis Charles Garnier, Tony * * * (as used in expressions) Garnier, Francis Marie Joseph François Garnier Garnier, Tony Ópera Garnier …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tony Garnier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Garnier.  Ne pas confondre avec l architecte Charles Garnier (notamment connu pour l Opéra Garnier à Paris) Tony Garnier (13 août 1869 à Lyon 19 janvier 1948 à Roquefort la Bédou …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garnier — (as used in expressions) Garnier Francis Marie Joseph François Garnier Garnier Tony Opéra Garnier * * * …   Universalium

  • tony — /toh nee/, adj., tonier, toniest. Informal. high toned; stylish: a tony nightclub. [1875 80, Amer.; TONE + Y1] * * * (as used in expressions) Bennett Tony Blair Tony Curtis Tony Garnier Tony Kushner Tony Pastor Tony Richardson Tony Tony Awards *… …   Universalium

  • Tony — /toh nee/, n., pl. Tonys. one of a group of awards made annually by the American Theatre Wing, a professional school for the performing arts, for achievements in theatrical production and performance. [after the nickname of Antoinette Perry] /toh …   Universalium

  • Tony — (as used in expressions) Bennett, Tony Blair, Tony Curtis, Tony Garnier, Tony Kushner, Tony Pastor, Tony Richardson, Tony Tony, premios …   Enciclopedia Universal


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