Gandhi, Indira (Priyadarshini)


Gandhi, Indira (Priyadarshini)
orig. Indira Priyadarshini Nehru

born Nov. 19, 1917, Allahabad, India
died Oct. 31, 1984, New Delhi

Prime minister of India (1966–77, 1980–84).

The only child of Jawaharlal Nehru, she studied in India and at the University of Oxford. In 1942 she married Feroze Gandhi (d. 1960), a fellow member of the Indian National Congress. In 1959 she was given the largely honorary position of party president, and in 1966 she achieved actual power when she was made leader of the Congress Party and, consequently, prime minister. She instituted major reforms, including a strict population-control program. In 1971 she mobilized Indian forces against Pakistan in the cause of East Bengal's secession. She oversaw the incorporation of Sikkim in 1974. Convicted in 1975 of violating election laws, she declared a state of emergency, jailing opponents and passing many laws limiting personal freedoms. She was defeated in the following election but returned to power in 1980. In 1984 she ordered the army to move into the Golden Temple complex of the Sikhs at Amritsar, with the intent of crushing the Sikh militants hiding inside the temple; some 450 Sikhs died in the fighting. She was later shot and killed by her own Sikh bodyguards in revenge.

Indira Gandhi

AP/Wide World Photos

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gandhi, Indira (Priyadarshini) — orig. Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (19 nov. 1917, Allahabad, India–31 oct. 1984, Nueva Delhi). Primera ministra de India (1966–77, 1980–84). Hija única de Jawaharlal Nehru, estudió en India y en la Universidad de Oxford. En 1942 se casó con Feroze… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi — Indira Gandhi auf einer sowjetischen Briefmarke (1984) Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (hindi: इंदिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गांधी Indirā Priyadarśinī Gāndhī; * 19. November 1917 in Allahabad; † 31. Oktober 1984 in Neu Delhi) war von 1966 bis 1977 und von 1980 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gandhi, Indira — ▪ prime minister of India in full  Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi   born Nov. 19, 1917, Allahabad, India died Oct. 31, 1984, New Delhi       politician who served as prime minister of India for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term… …   Universalium

  • Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi — Indira Gandhi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gandhi (homonymie). Indira Gandhi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indira Gandhi — इंदिरा गांधी 3rd Prime Minister of India In office 14 January 1980 – 31 October 1984 President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Zail Sin …   Wikipedia

  • Indira Gandhi — इन्दिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गान्धी 5ª Primera Ministra de la India 19 de enero de 1966 –  …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gandhi — Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, Rajiv * * * (as used in expressions) Gandhi, Indira (Priyadarshini) Gandhi, Mohandas K(aramchand) Mahatma Gandhi Gandhi, Rajiv (Ratna) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gandhi — /gahn dee, gan /, n. 1. Indira /in dear euh/, 1917 84, Indian political leader: prime minister 1966 77 and 1980 84 (daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru). 2. Mohandas Karamchand /moh heuhn dahs kur euhm chund /, ( Mahatma ), 1869 1948, Hindu religious… …   Universalium

  • Indira Gandhi — auf einer sowjetischen Briefmarke (1984) Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi इंदिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गांधी Indirā Priyadarśinī Gāndhī; * 19. November 1917 in Allahabad; † 31. Oktober 1984 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GANDHI (S. I.) — GANDHI SHRIMATI INDIRA (1917 1984) Née dans la ville sainte d’Allahabad, Indira Priyadarshini Nehru est la fille unique de Jawaharlal Nehru. Elle subit l’influence de son grand père, Motilal Nehru, avocat de renom et lui aussi artisan de la lutte …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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