Galbraith, John Kenneth


Galbraith, John Kenneth
born Oct. 15, 1908, Iona Station, Ont., Can.

Canadian-U.S. economist and public servant.

After studying at the Universities of Toronto and California (Ph.D., 1934) he held important government posts during the New Deal and World War II. As a professor at Harvard University (1949–75) he was active in public affairs, serving as an adviser to Pres. John F. Kennedy and as ambassador to India (1961–63). His influential liberal writings, often praised for their literary merit, examine the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. capitalism and consumerism. The Affluent Society (1958) called for less emphasis on production and more attention to public services, and The New Industrial State (1967) traced similarities between "managerial" capitalism and socialism.

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▪ 2007
 Canadian-born American economist (Oct. 15, 1908, Iona Station, Ont.—d. April 29, 2006, Cambridge, Mass.), was known for his support of public spending and for the literary quality of his writing on public affairs. After study at the University of Toronto (B.S., 1931) and the University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1934), Galbraith, who became a U.S. citizen in 1937, taught successively at Harvard and Princeton universities until 1942. During World War II and the postwar period, he held a variety of government posts and served as editor (1943–48) of Fortune magazine before resuming his academic career at Harvard in 1948. He established himself as a politically active liberal academician with a talent for communicating with the reading public. A key adviser to Pres. John F. Kennedy, Galbraith served as ambassador to India from 1961 to 1963, when he returned again to Harvard; he became professor emeritus in 1975. He also continued his involvement in public affairs, and in 1967–68 he was national chairman of Americans for Democratic Action. Galbraith's major works included American Capitalism: The Concept of Countervailing Power (1951), in which he questioned the competitive ideal in industrial organization. In his popular critique of the wealth gap, The Affluent Society (1958), Galbraith faulted the “conventional wisdom” of American economic policies and called for less spending on consumer goods and more spending on government programs. In The New Industrial State (1967), he envisioned a growing similarity between “managerial” capitalism and socialism and called for intellectual and political changes to stem what he saw as a decline of competitiveness in the American economy. Among his many other works were The Great Crash, 1929 (1955), The Liberal Hour (1960), Ambassador's Journal (1969), A Life in Our Times: Memoirs (1981), The Anatomy of Power (1983), Economics in Perspective: A Critical History (1987), The Culture of Contentment (1992), The Good Society: The Humane Agenda (1996), and his last, The Economics of Innocent Fraud (2004). He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1946 and 2000.

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▪ American economist
born Oct. 15, 1908, Iona Station, Ontario, Can.
died April 29, 2006, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.
 Canadian-born American economist and public servant known for his support of public spending and for the literary quality of his writing on public affairs.

      After study at the University of Toronto's Ontario Agricultural College (now part of the University of Guelph; B.S., 1931) and the University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1934), Galbraith, who became a U.S. citizen in 1937, taught successively at Harvard and Princeton universities until 1942. During World War II and the postwar period, he held a variety of government posts and served as editor of Fortune magazine (1943–48) before resuming his academic career at Harvard in 1948. He established himself as a politically active liberal academician with a talent for communicating with the reading public. A key adviser to President John F. Kennedy (Kennedy, John F.), Galbraith served as ambassador to India from 1961 to 1963, when he returned again to Harvard; he became professor emeritus in 1975. He also continued his involvement in public affairs, and in 1967–68 he was national chairman of Americans for Democratic Action.

      Galbraith's major works include American Capitalism: The Concept of Countervailing Power (1951), in which he questioned the competitive ideal in industrial organization. In his popular critique of the wealth gap, The Affluent Society (1958), Galbraith faulted the “conventional wisdom” of American economic policies and called for less spending on consumer goods and more spending on government programs. In The New Industrial State (1967) he envisioned a growing similarity between “managerial” capitalism and socialism and called for intellectual and political changes to stem what he saw as a decline of competitiveness in the American economy. Among his many other works are The Great Crash, 1929 (1955), The Liberal Hour (1960), Ambassador's Journal (1969), A Life in Our Times: Memoirs (1981), The Anatomy of Power (1983), Economics in Perspective: A Critical History (1987), and The Culture of Contentment (1992). He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1946 and 2000. See also , a Britannica sidebar on retirement, medical care, and other issues affecting the elderly.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Galbraith,John Kenneth — Gal·braith (gălʹbrāth ), John Kenneth. Born 1908. Canadian born American economist, writer, and diplomat who served as U.S. ambassador to India (1961 1963). His works include The Great Crash (1955). * * * …   Universalium

  • Galbraith, John Kenneth — ► (n. 1908) Economista y diplomático estadounidense. Políticamente en la órbita del ala liberal del Partido Demócrata, presidió la influyente Americans for Democratic Action. Autor de varios ensayos críticos sobre la economía de su país (El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GALBRAITH, John Kenneth — (1908 )    Canadian/American, Keynesian (see John Maynard KEYNES) economist, advisor to the American Democratic Party and American Ambassador to India, in 1961. He shaped the thoughts of many people about modern society through such books as The… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — (* 15. Oktober 1908 in Iona Station, Eriesee; † 29. April 2006 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Ökonom, Sozialkritiker, Präsidentenberater, Romancier und Diplomat. Galbraith war einer der einflussreichst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — John Kenneth Galbraith. John Kenneth Galbraith (Ontario, Canadá, 15 de octubre de 1908 Cambridge, Massachusetts, Estados Unidos, 29 de abril de 2006) fue un economista estadounidense de origen canadiense. Galbraith no responde al estereotip …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Galbraith. John Kenneth Galbraith John Kenneth Galbraith (15 octobre 1908 à Iona Station, Ontario, Canada 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — noun United States economist (born in Canada) who served as ambassador to India (born in 1908) • Syn: ↑Galbraith, ↑John Galbraith • Instance Hypernyms: ↑economist, ↑economic expert, ↑diplomat, ↑diplomatist * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — (nacido el 15 de octubre de 1908 en Ontario (Canadá)), economista estadounidense de origen canadiense, no responde al estereotipo de economista norteamericano por sus ideas iconoclastas sobre los economistas estadounidenses. Autor de muchos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — Infobox Philosopher region = Western economists era = 20th century economists (Institutional economics) color = #B0C4DE name = John Kenneth Galbraith birth = October 15 1908 Iona Station, Ontario, Canada death = April 29 2006 (aged 97) Cambridge …   Wikipedia

  • John Kenneth Galbraith — ➡ Galbraith * * * …   Universalium


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