Fundy, Bay of


Fundy, Bay of
Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, southeastern Canada Located between the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, it extends 94 mi (151 km) inland and is 32 mi (52 km) wide at its entrance.

It is noted for its fast-running tides, which may produce rises as great as 70 ft (21 m), the highest in the world. Noted also for the spectacular rock formations and forests of its shorelines, it has several deepwater harbours, including one at St. John, N.B. In 1948 a 51,000-acre (20,700-hectare) section of the bay's New Brunswick coast was set aside as Fundy National Park.

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bay, Canada
      inlet of the Atlantic Ocean between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick (north and west) and Nova Scotia (south and east). It extends 94 miles (151 km) inland, is 32 miles (52 km) wide at its entrance, and is noted for its fast-running tides, which may produce rises as great as 70 feet (21 m), the highest in the world. Aside from the spectacular rock formations and forests of its shorelines and the fine agricultural lands created by dikes from its on-land marshes, the bay has come into prominence as a major potential source of hydroelectricity, but one that continues to present great engineering difficulties and other problems of feasibility.

      The bay covers some 3,600 square miles (9,300 square km). Its shores are indented by numerous coves and several large deepwater harbours, the main ones at Saint John and St. Andrews in New Brunswick and Digby and Hantsport in Nova Scotia, all harbour towns that burgeoned during the great lumbering, shipping, and shipbuilding activity of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1948 an 80-square-mile section of shore and stream-riven hills in New Brunswick was set aside as Fundy National Park.

      Steep bedrock cliffs up to 200 feet (60 m) high bound the bay and channel its waters until they separate into two narrow niches, Chignecto Bay on the north and Minas Basin on the south. In these, the tide range is magnified by the narrowness and shape of the bay, a rise of 46 feet (14 m) being common in Chignecto Bay and 53 feet (16 m) in Minas Basin. When the tide runs out, the channels become veins of red mud, reflecting the erosion of the outcrops of red sandstone and shale along the coast. The rising tide produces a “reversing falls” at the mouth of the Saint John River, and the tidal surge up the Petitcodiac River toward Moncton has a bore, or tidal wave, that is 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 m) high at its crest, with the tide rising a phenomenal 8 to 11 feet (2.5 to 3.5 m) per hour.

       Passamaquoddy Bay, astride the Maine–New Brunswick border, over several decades has been the focus of investigations into the feasibility of harnessing its hydroelectric potential through damming or some other means. This bay's tidal flow is immense—some 70,000,000,000 cubic feet (2,000,000,000 cubic m) entering and leaving on the twice-daily turn of the tide. The tidal-power possibilities of Passamaquoddy, whose tides average an 18-foot rise, were first studied in the 1920s and have been the subject of occasional investigations ever since, but the continuing engineering difficulties and the immense costs involved, along with environmental concerns, have so far impeded any development.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fundy Bay — Administration Pays  Canada Province …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fundy-Bay — Die Bay of Fundy bei Hoch und bei Niedrigwasser Die Bay of Fundy (englisch auch Fundy Bay, französisch: Baie de Fundy) liegt zwischen den kanadischen Provinzen Nova Scotia und New Brunswick am Golf von Maine mit einer Länge von 220 Kilometer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fundy Bay — Die Bay of Fundy bei Hoch und bei Niedrigwasser Die Bay of Fundy (englisch auch Fundy Bay, französisch: Baie de Fundy) liegt zwischen den kanadischen Provinzen Nova Scotia und New Brunswick am Golf von Maine mit einer Länge von 220 Kilometer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fundy, Bay of —    Explored by De Monts and Champlain in 1604. Probably visited a hundred years earlier by Basque and Breton fishermen, and possibly by the Northmen several centuries before. Known to the Portuguese as Baia Fundo (Deep Bay). Named by De Monts, La …   The makers of Canada

  • Fundy,Bay of — Fun·dy (fŭnʹdē), Bay of An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in southeast Canada between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fundy, Bay of — geographical name inlet of the Atlantic SE Canada between New Brunswick & Nova Scotia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • FUNDY BAY —    an arm of the sea between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; it is of difficult navigation owing to the strong and rapid rush of the tides …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fundy, Bay of — inlet of the Atlantic betw. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick and NE Maine …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Fundy, Bay of — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fundy Bay Motel — (Сент Джон,Канада) Категория отеля: 1 звездочный отель Адрес: 2149 Ocean Westway, E2 …   Каталог отелей


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