Fuller, Loie


Fuller, Loie
orig. Marie Louise Fuller

born Jan. 15, 1862, Fullersburg, Ill., U.S.
died Jan. 1, 1928, Paris, Fr.

U.S. improvisational dance performer and pioneer of modern dance.

She began acting at age four, appearing with stock companies and vaudeville shows. From 1892 in Paris she gained attention with her "serpentine dance," in which she used yards of flowing silk illuminated by theatrical lighting. She added a "fire dance" (dancing on an illuminated pane of glass) and other acts, attracting critical and public adulation, especially in Europe.

Loie Fuller.

By courtesy of the Dance Collection, the New York Public Library at Lincoln Center

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▪ American dancer
original name  Marie Louise Fuller 
born Jan. 15, 1862, Fullersburg [now part of Hinsdale], Ill., U.S.
died Jan. 1, 1928, Paris, France
 American dancer who achieved international distinction for her innovations in theatrical lighting, as well as for her invention of the “Serpentine Dance,” a striking variation on the popular “skirt dances” of the day.

      Fuller made her stage debut in Chicago at the age of four, and over the next quarter century she toured with stock companies, burlesque shows, vaudeville, and Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, gave temperance lectures and Shakespearean readings, and appeared in a variety of plays in Chicago and New York City.

      A popular if not authenticated explanation of the origin of Fuller's innovative dances claims that, while rehearsing Quack, M.D. (produced 1891), Fuller was inspired by the billowing folds of transparent China silk. She began experimenting with varying lengths of silk and different coloured lighting and gradually evolved her "Serpentine Dance," which she first presented in New York in February 1892. Later in the year she traveled to Europe and in October opened at the Folies Bergère (Folies-Bergère) in her "Fire Dance," in which she danced on glass illuminated from below. She quickly became the toast of avant-garde Paris. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de), Auguste Rodin (Rodin, Auguste), and Jules Chéret used her as a subject, several writers dedicated works to her, and daring society women sought her out. She lived and worked mainly in Europe thereafter. Her later experiments in stage lighting, a field in which her influence was deeper and more lasting than in choreography, included the use of phosphorescent materials and silhouette techniques.

      In 1908 Fuller published a memoir, Quinze ans de ma vie, to which writer and critic Anatole France contributed an introduction; it was published in English translation as Fifteen Years of a Dancer's Life in 1913. After World War I she danced infrequently, but from her school in Paris she sent out touring dance companies to all parts of Europe. In 1926 she last visited the United States, in company with her friend Queen Marie of Romania. Fuller's final stage appearance was her "Shadow Ballet" in London in 1927.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fuller, Loie — orig. Marie Louise Fuller (15 ene. 1862, Fullersburg, Ill., EE.UU.–1 ene. 1928, París, Francia). Bailarina estadounidense de danza improvisada y pionera de la danza moderna. Empezó a actuar a los cuatro años de edad en compañías de repertorio y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Loie Fuller — Loïe Fuller in 1900. Loie Fuller (also Loïe Fuller; (January 15, 1862 – January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques. Contents 1 Career …   Wikipedia

  • Loie Fuller — Loïe Fuller Loïe Fuller, geborene Marie Louise Fuller (* 22. Januar 1862 in Fullersburg, Illinois; † 2. Januar 1928 in Paris) war eine amerikanische Burlesken Schauspielerin, Sängerin, Schlangentänzerin und Erfinderin. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loïe Fuller — Loïe Fuller, geborene Marie Louise Fuller (* 22. Januar 1862 in Fullersburg, Illinois; † 2. Januar 1928 in Paris) war eine amerikanische Tänzerin, Schlangentänzerin und Erfinderin. Sie war eine Wegbereiterin des modernen Tanzes und der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Loie Fuller — (Illinois, 15 de enero de 1862 – París, 1 de enero de 1928) fue bailarina, actriz, productora y escritora estadounidense que adquirió una gran fama al concentrarse en los efectos visuales; utilizó tejidos que flotaban y luces multicolores. Marie… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Loie Fuller — Loïe Fuller Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fuller. Loïe Fuller Mary Louise Fuller, dite Loïe Fuller, est une danseuse américaine, célèbre pour les voiles qu elle faisait tournoyer dans ses chorégraphies. El …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fuller — Fuller, Margaret Fuller, Richard Bukminster * * * (as used in expressions) Austin, Stephen (Fuller) Fuller, J(ohn) F(rederick) C(harles) Fuller, Loie Marie Louise Fuller Fuller, (Sarah) Margaret Fuller, R(ichard) Buckminster …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Loïe Fuller — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fuller. Loïe Fuller Mary Louise Fuller, dite Loïe Fuller, est une danseuse américaine, célèbre pour les voiles qu elle faisait tournoyer dans ses chorégraphies. Elle est née à Fullersburg (Illinois) le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fuller — fuller1 /fool euhr/, n. a person who fulls cloth. [bef. 1000; ME; OE fullere < L fullo fuller; see ER1] fuller2 /fool euhr/, n. 1. a half round hammer used for grooving and spreading iron. 2. a tool or part of a die for reducing the sectional… …   Universalium

  • Fuller — /fool euhr/, n. 1. George, 1822 84, U.S. painter. 2. Henry B(lake), ( Stanton Page ), 1857 1929, U.S. novelist, poet, and critic. 3. Melville Weston /wes teuhn/, 1833 1910, Chief Justice of the U.S. 1888 1910. 4. R(ichard) Buckminster, 1895 1983 …   Universalium


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