- Fromm, Erich
died March 18, 1980, Muralto, Switz.German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher.A disciple of Sigmund Freud, Fromm joined the Frankfurt school in the 1920s and left Nazi Germany for the U.S in 1933. Taking issue with Freud, he came to believe in the interaction of psychology and society and argued that psychoanalytic principles could be applied to cure cultural ills. He taught at various institutions, including the National University of Mexico (1951–67) and New York University (from 1962). His many books, which had popular as well as academic success, included Escape from Freedom (1941), The Sane Society (1955), and The Crisis of Psychoanalysis (1970); The Art of Loving (1956) became a durable best-seller.
* * *▪ American psychoanalyst and philosopherborn March 23, 1900, Frankfurt am Main, Germanydied March 18, 1980, Muralto, SwitzerlandGerman-born American psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. By applying psychoanalytic principles to the remedy of cultural ills, Fromm believed, mankind could develop a psychologically balanced “sane society.”After receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Heidelberg in 1922, Fromm trained in psychoanalysis at the University of Munich and at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. He began practicing psychoanalysis as a disciple of Sigmund Freud (Freud, Sigmund) but soon took issue with Freud's preoccupation with unconscious drives and consequent neglect of the role of societal factors in human psychology. For Fromm an individual's personality was the product of culture as well as biology. He had already attained a distinguished reputation as a psychoanalyst when he left Nazi Germany in 1933 for the United States. There he came into conflict with orthodox Freudian psychoanalytic circles. From 1934 to 1941 Fromm was on the faculty of Columbia University in New York City, where his views became increasingly controversial. In 1941 he joined the faculty at Bennington College in Vermont, and in 1951 he was appointed professor of psychoanalysis at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City. From 1957 to 1961 he held a concurrent professorship at Michigan State University, and he returned to New York City in 1962 as professor of psychiatry at New York University.In several books and essays, Fromm presented the view that an understanding of basic human needs is essential to the understanding of society and mankind itself. Fromm argued that social systems make it difficult or impossible to satisfy the different needs at one time, thus creating both individual psychological and wider societal conflicts.In Fromm's first major work, Escape from Freedom (1941), he charted the growth of freedom and self-awareness from the Middle Ages to modern times and, using psychoanalytic techniques, analyzed the tendency, brought on by modernization, to take refuge from contemporary insecurities by turning to totalitarian movements such as Nazism. In The Sane Society (1955), Fromm presented his argument that modern man has become alienated and estranged from himself within consumer-oriented industrial society. Known also for his popular works on human nature, ethics, and love, Fromm additionally wrote books of criticism and analysis of Freudian and Marxist thought, psychoanalysis, and religion. Among his other books are Man for Himself (1947), Psychoanalysis and Religion (1950), The Art of Loving (1956), May Man Prevail? (1961, with D.T. Suzuki and R. De Martino), Beyond the Chains of Illusion (1962), The Revolution of Hope (1968), and The Crisis of Psychoanalysis (1970).
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FROMM, ERICH — (1900–1980), U.S. psychoanalyst, social philosopher, and author. Fromm, who was born in Frankfurt of rabbinic descent, studied at German universities and received his professional training at the Psychoanalytic Institute of Berlin. He worked at… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Fromm,Erich — Fromm (frōm, frŏm), Erich. 1900 1980. German born American psychoanalyst who emphasized the role of social conditioning in human behavior. His books include Escape from Freedom (1941) and The Art of Loving (1956). * * * … Universalium
Fromm, Erich — (1900–1980) An important contributor to modern psychoanalytical thought, Fromm combined psychoanalysis and Marxism. He espoused a humanist Marxism placing particular emphasis on Karl Marx’s early writings. Born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Fromm, Erich — (1900–80) American social psychologist. Fromm was born in Frankfurt am Main and was educated at Heidelberg University and later at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1929 he was a co founder of the Frankfurt Psychoanalytic Institute and… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Fromm, Erich — (1900 80) American psychoanalyst and social philosopher. He was born in Frankfurt am Main and worked at the Institute for Social Research there from 1929 to 1932. After the Nazis came to power, he emigrated to the US and taught at Bennington… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
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Fromm — Fromm, Erich … Enciclopedia Universal
Erich-Fromm-Gesellschaft — Erich Fromm (* 23. März 1900 in Frankfurt am Main; † 18. März 1980 in Muralto, Tessin) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker, Philosoph und Sozialpsychologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebenslauf … Deutsch Wikipedia
Erich Fromm — 1970 Erich Fromm (* 23. März 1900 in Frankfurt am Main; † 18. März 1980 in Muralto, Tessin) war ein deutsch US amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker, Philosoph und Sozialpsychologe … Deutsch Wikipedia