Freikorps


Freikorps
(German: "Free Corps") Private German paramilitary groups that first appeared in late 1918 after Germany's defeat in World War I. Composed of ex-soldiers and unemployed youth and led by ex-officers, they eventually included over 65 corps of varying sizes.

Most were nationalistic and radically conservative, and they were employed unofficially to put down left-wing revolts throughout Germany. Initially sanctioned by the government, they came to be viewed as a nuisance and a threat and were supplanted by regular army and police or absorbed by new units of the Nazis and other political parties.

* * *

▪ German paramilitary units
English  Free Corps 

      any of several private paramilitary groups that first appeared in December 1918 in the wake of Germany's defeat in World War I. Composed of ex-soldiers, unemployed youth, and other discontents and led by ex-officers and other former military personnel, they proliferated all over Germany in the spring and summer of 1919 and eventually numbered more than 65 corps of various names, sizes, and descriptions. Most were nationalistic and radically conservative and were employed unofficially but effectively to put down left-wing revolts and uprisings in Berlin, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Halle, Leipzig, Silesia, Thuringia, and the Ruhr. They fought miniature wars and sometimes resorted to plunder and terror. Their members were involved in several political assassinations, of which the most dramatic was the 1922 murder of Walther Rathenau (Rathenau, Walther), the country's foreign minister. At first sanctioned, or even supported, by such figures as Defense Minister Gustav Noske (Noske, Gustav) and General Paul von Hindenburg (Hindenburg, Paul von), the Freikorps finally came to be viewed as a nuisance and a threat, and their activities were eventually supplanted by regular army and police work or assumed by the new units of the Nazis and other political parties. Ernst Röhm (Röhm, Ernst), a Freikorps commander, later became head of the Nazi (Nazi Party) SA, or Brownshirts.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Freikorps — (del alemán cuerpos libres o cuerpos francos ) fue la designación aplicada originalmente a los ejércitos voluntarios formados en pequeños Estados alemanes entre los siglos XVII y XVIII. Los primeros freikorps fueron reclutados en 1762 por… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Freikorps — Freikorps, kleine Truppenabteilungen, aus Freiwilligen gebildet und von Parteigängern geführt, unterstützen die Operationen der Armee durch Unternehmungen im Rücken des Feindes. Friedrich d. Gr. benutzte besonders im Siebenjährigen Kriege… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Freikorps — Freikorps, Freitruppen, Freiregimenter, Freibataillone, Freikompagnien, Truppenabteilungen, im Kriege aus Freiwilligen gebildet, für den Kleinen Krieg bestimmt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Freikorps — ↑ Korps …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Freikorps — Als Freikorps (franz.: corps, „Körper(schaft)“; aus lat.: corpus, „Körper“) wurden bis zu Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts paramilitärische Einheiten unabhängig von ihrer nationalen Herkunft benannt. Im deutschen Sprachraum wurden erstmals im 18.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Freikorps — The designation of Freikorps (German for Free Corps ) was originally applied to voluntary armies formed in German lands from the middle of 18th century onwards. After World War I the term was used for the paramilitary organizations that sprang up …   Wikipedia

  • Freikorps —    When on 10 November 1918 General Wilhelm Groener* made his cooperative pact with Friedrich Ebert,* he did so believing that the Imperial Army (Reichsheer) would remain a viable force during the period when Ger many s political future was being …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Freikorps — La designación de Freikorps (del alemán cuerpos libres ) fue aplicada originalmente para los ejércitos voluntarios. Los primeros freikorps fueron reclutados por Federico II de Prusia durante la Guerra de los Siete Años otros freikorps aparecieron …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Freikorps — Frei|korps 〈[ ko:r] n.; [ ko:rs], [ ko:rs]; Mil.〉 Freiwilligentruppe * * * Frei|korps, das (früher): aus Freiwilligen gebildeter Truppenverband. * * * Freikorps   [ koːr], Truppen, die nur für die Dauer des Krieges oder eines Feldzugs aufgestellt …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Freikorps — Corps franc Les Corps francs sont des unités combattantes formées en dehors ou au sein d une armée régulière. Il peut également s’agir d’unités paramilitaires organisées par un État, ou d’unités formées spontanément par des civils. Parfois… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.