- Frederick VII
born Oct. 6, 1808, Amalienborg Castle, Den.died Nov. 15, 1863, Glücksburg CastleKing of Denmark (1848–63).After the popular demonstrations of 1848, he appointed a liberal ministry, renounced absolute rule, and adopted a representative government. His policy in Schleswig resulted in the duchy's incorporation into Denmark and war with Austria and Prussia soon after his death (see Schleswig-Holstein Question). The childless Frederick was succeeded by Christian IX.
* * *▪ king of Denmarkborn Oct. 6, 1808, Amalienborg Castle, Denmarkdied Nov. 15, 1863, Glücksburg Castleking of Denmark from 1848 who renounced absolute rule and adopted a representative government.The son of the future king Christian VIII and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick in 1839 was appointed governor of the island of Fyn. As a crown prince, he had two unhappy marriages: first, in 1828, to his second cousin Wilhelmina Maria, a daughter of Frederick VI (dissolved in 1837); then, in 1841, to Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (dissolved in 1846).On Jan. 20, 1848, Frederick succeeded his father. After the popular demonstrations of March 1848, he appointed a Liberal ministry and on June 5, 1849, he signed the Danish constitution, which provided for a bicameral legislature. The constitutional issue, however, was overshadowed by the Schleswig-Holstein question. Frederick rejected a proposal for partitioning Schleswig (1848) and ceding the southern portion to Prussia. Instead, he incorporated it into the Danish state. The Schleswig Germans then sought and received Prussian aid in a rebellion against Danish rule, which Denmark put down between 1848 and 1850.Frederick's third wife, Louise Christine Rasmussen, whom he married morganatically in 1850, sided with the Bondevenner (Friends of the Peasants Party). Frederick himself came increasingly into conflict with the National Liberals, who from 1854 held more Cabinet posts. The conflict centred on the succession to the throne (the childless King named Christian of Glücksburg as his successor) and around the constitutional problem of Frederick's favouring a joint constitution for all the lands under the crown.Just two days before Frederick died, a joint constitution for Denmark and the Duchy of Schleswig was ratified by the Rigsråd, a decision that precipitated war with the German powers in 1864.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Frederick VII of Denmark — Frederick VII (October 6, 1808 November 15, 1863) was King of Denmark. He reigned from 1848 until his death. He was the last Danish monarch of the older royal branch of the House of Oldenburg, and also the last king of Denmark to rule as an… … Wikipedia
Frederick VIII of Denmark — Frederick VIII King of Denmark Reign 29 January 1906 – 14 May 1912 Predecessor Christian IX Successor … Wikipedia
Frederick IX of Denmark — Frederick IX redirects here. For the article about the Margrave of Brandenburg, see Frederick IX, Margrave of Brandenburg. Frederick IX King of Denmark Reign … Wikipedia
Frederick II of Denmark — Frederick II Frederick II in a painting attributed to Melchior Lorck King of Denmark and Norway Reign 1559–1588 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway — Frederick ( da. Frederik) (October 11, 1753, Copenhagen December 7, 1805 Copenhagen), was a Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway. He was the surviving son of the second marriage of King Frederick V of Denmark with Juliana Maria of Braunschweig … Wikipedia
Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach — Spouse(s) Christina Magdalena of the Palatinate Zweibrücken Johanna Bayer of Sendau Noble family House of Zähringen … Wikipedia
Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp — Frederick III of Holstein Gottorp (22 December 1597 ndash; 10 August 1659) was a Duke of Holstein Gottorp.He was the elder son of Duke Johann Adolf of Holstein Gottorp and Augusta of Denmark. His mother was a daughter of King Frederick II of… … Wikipedia
Frederick VI of Denmark — Infobox Danish Royalty|monarch name = Frederick VI title = King of Denmark and Norway caption = Frederick VI painted by F.C. Grøger c. 1808. [Official website of Rosenborg Castle. [http://www.rosenborgslot.dk/v1/person.asp?PersonID=9 countryID=1… … Wikipedia
Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein — Duke Frederick VIII ( de. Friedrich Herzog von Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg; July 6, 1829 January 14, 1880), claimed to be the Duke of Schleswig Holstein from 1863, though almost nominally, as Prussia actually took overlordship and… … Wikipedia
Frederick — /fred rik, euhr ik/, n. 1. a city in central Maryland. 27,557. 2. Also, Frederic. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning peace and ruler. * * * (as used in expressions) Ashton Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Frederick Austerlitz… … Universalium