- Frank, Jacob
orig. Jacob Leibowiczdied Dec. 10, 1791, Offenbach, HessenJewish false messiah.He was an uneducated visionary who claimed to be the reincarnation of Shabbetai Tzevi. He proclaimed himself messiah in 1751 and founded the Frankist, or Zoharist, sect, based on the Sefer ha-zohar, which he sought to put in the place of the Torah. The sect rejected traditional Judaism, and their practices, including orgiastic rites, led the Jewish community to excommunicate them in 1756. Protected by Roman Catholic authorities, who hoped Frank would help in the conversion of the Jews, Frank and his followers were baptized in Poland. In 1760 he was imprisoned by the Inquisition, who had realized that Frank's followers regarded Frank, not Jesus, as the messiah. Freed in 1773 by invading Russians, he settled in Germany and lived as a baron until his death.
* * *▪ Polish religious leaderoriginal name Jacob Leibowiczborn 1726, in Berezanka or Korolowka, Galicia, Pol. [now in Ukraine]died Dec. 10, 1791, Offenbach, Hessen [Germany]Jewish false messiah who claimed to be the reincarnation of Shabbetai Tzevi (1626–76). The most notorious of the false messiahs, he was the founder of the antirabbinical Frankist, or Zoharist, sect.Frank often traveled in the Balkans and there met followers of Shabbetai. An uneducated visionary, he appealed to many who awaited the resurrection of Shabbetai. In about 1751 he proclaimed himself the messiah and four years later, in Poland, formed a sect that held that certain elect persons are exempt from the moral law. This sect abandoned Judaism for a “higher Torah” (Jewish Law) based on the Zohar (Sefer ha-zohar), which was the most important work in the Kabbala, the Jewish mystical movement. Hence its members also called themselves Zoharists. Their practices, including orgiastic, sexually promiscuous rites, led the Jewish community to ban them as heretics in 1756. Protected by Roman Catholic authorities, who saw in them a means of converting the Jews, the Frankists debated with representatives of the rabbinate and claimed that the Talmud (Talmud and Midrash), the rabbinical compendium of law and commentary, should be discarded as blasphemous. They were also partly responsible for the revival of the canard that the Jews use Christian blood for Passover rituals.In the meantime, to preserve his following, Frank publicly committed his supporters to mass baptism and was himself baptized in Warsaw, with Augustus III, king of Poland, acting as his godfather. The Frankists, however, continued their sectarian ways. As a result, the Inquisition imprisoned Frank in the fortress of Częstochowa (1760).Freed by the conquering Russians in 1773, he eventually settled in Offenbach, dubbing himself baron. His many followers supported him in a manner befitting the nobility. Upon Frank's death, he was succeeded by his daughter Eve, who eventually spent all the money that the Frankists had given her, leading to her arrest for bankruptcy. She died in 1816. The sect deteriorated rapidly, and descendants of those members who were baptized merged with the Roman Catholic population.
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Frank Jacob — (* 1966 in Freiburg im Breisgau) ist Professor für Interface Design an der Muthesius Kunsthochschule in Kiel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen und Preise 3 Veröffentlichungen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Frank, Jacob — (1726–91) Founder of Frankist sect. Frank was born in Korolowka, Podolia, the son of a respected Orthodox merchant. He himself became a merchant, trading from Bucharest in cloth, jewels and various other articles. Much of his time was spent in … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Frank, Jacob — orig. Jacob Leibowicz (1726, Berezanka o Korolowka, Galicia, Polonia–10 dic. 1791, Offenbach, Hessen). Falso Mesías judío. Fue un visionario sin educación que pretendía ser la reencarnación de Shabbetai Tzevi. Se proclamó mesías en 1751 y fundó… … Enciclopedia Universal
Frank, Jacob — (1726–91) Sect Founder. Frank was born Jankiev Lebowicz of Jewish parents. He was influenced by the Donmeh cult of Turkey – a group of Jews who had followed the false messiah Shabbetai Zevi into Islam. Frank seems to have believed that he… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Frank, Jacob — (1726 91) Polish communal leader, founder of the Frankist movement. He was born in Podolia. He was regarded as the successor to Shabbetai Tzevi. His mystical festivities were alleged to be accompanied by sexual orgies. He and his followers… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Frank, Jacob — soprannome di Lejbowicz, Jakob Jozef … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
FRANK, JACOB, AND THE FRANKISTS — Jacob Frank (1726–1791) was the founder of a Jewish sect named after him which comprised the last stage in the development of the Shabbatean movement. He was born Jacob b. Judah Leib in Korolowka (Korolevo), a small town in Podolia. His family… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Jacob Frank — Jacob Franck Jacob Frank Jacob Frank, ou Jakob Franck (1726 1791), fut un prétendant juif à la messianité à la suite de Sabbataï Tsevi. Ses disciples firent sécession avec le judaïsme, et créèrent un mouvement empreint de christianisme, le… … Wikipédia en Français
Jacob Franck — Jacob Frank Jacob Frank, ou Jakob Franck (1726 1791), fut un prétendant juif à la messianité à la suite de Sabbataï Tsevi. Ses disciples firent sécession avec le judaïsme, et créèrent un mouvement empreint de christianisme, le frankisme. Le… … Wikipédia en Français
Jacob Frank — Frank and his followers were excommunicated due to his extremely unconventional doctrines that included acceptance of the New Testament, Enlightenment and some controversial concepts such as purification through transgression.Frank arguably… … Wikipedia