- Fortescue, Sir John
died с 1479, Ebrington, GloucestershireEnglish jurist.He served as chief justice of the King's Bench from 1442. He was the first to state the basic principle that it is better that the guilty escape than that the innocent be punished. He fled to Scotland after Henry VI's defeat in 1461. Hoping for a restoration of the House of Lancaster, he educated Prince Edward in France, and he wrote for Edward's instruction De laudibus legum Angliae, the first book about law written for the layperson. Returning to England in 1471, he was captured by Yorkists but was allowed to retire to his home.
* * *▪ English juristborn c. 1385, , Norris, Somerset, Eng.died c. 1479, , Ebrington, Gloucestershirejurist, notable for a legal treatise, De laudibus legum Angliae (c. 1470; “In Praise of the Laws of England”), written for the instruction of Edward, prince of Wales, son of the deposed king Henry VI of England. He also stated a moral principle that remains basic to the Anglo-American jury system: It is better that the guilty escape than that the innocent be punished.Fortescue became chief justice of the King's Bench in 1442 and was knighted the following year. After the defeat of Henry VI's Lancastrian army at Towton, Yorkshire (March 29, 1461), he fled with Henry to Scotland, where Fortescue probably was appointed lord chancellor of the exiled government. From 1463 to 1471 he lived in France at the court of Henry's queen, Margaret of Anjou, where he helped to educate Prince Edward to rule England in the event of a Lancastrian restoration. Returning to England, he was captured at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, during the final defeat of the Lancastrians (May 4, 1471), submitted to the Yorkist king Edward IV, and was allowed to retire to his home.Unusual for its time, De laudibus depreciates the Roman-derived civil law and eulogizes the English constitution, statutes, and system of legal education, while offering suggestions for reform. It was probably the first book about law written in a style so simple and lucid as to be comprehensible to the layman.
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Fortescue, Sir John — (c. 1394–1476) A loyal adherent of the house of LANCASTER, Sir John Fortescue was also chief justice of the Court of King’s Bench and the preeminent constitutional and legal theorist of medieval England. The second son of a Devonshire… … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
Fortescue, Sir John — (ca. 1395–ca. 1477) Sir John Fortescue was a constitutional lawyer who wrote in both Latin and English. Because of his forthright writing style, his works were significant in the development of English prose. He was immersed in politics and… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Fortescue, Sir John — ( 1385, Norris, Somerset, Inglaterra– 1479, Ebrington, Gloucestershire). Jurista inglés. A partir de 1442 fue presidente del Tribunal supremo. Fue el primero en formular el principio básico de que es preferible que el culpable escape a que el… … Enciclopedia Universal
FORTESCUE, SIR JOHN — an eminent English lawyer, born in Somersetshire; flourished in the 15th century; was called to the bar at Lincoln s Inn, and in 1442 became Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King s Bench; he was a staunch Lancastrian during the Wars of the… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Fortescue, Sir John — (1394? 1476?) Political writer, was descended from a Devonshire family. He was an eminent lawyer, and held the office of Lord Chief Justice of the King s Bench (1442). During the Wars of the Roses he was a staunch Lancastrian. On the triumph… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Sir John Beaumont, 1st Baronet — (1583 ndash; April 19, 1627), was an English poet.He was born at Grace Dieu in Leicestershire, the second son of the judge, Sir Francis Beaumont.The deaths of his father (in 1598) and of his elder brother, Sir Henry Beaumont (in 1605), made the… … Wikipedia
John Fortescue — Sir John Fortescue (* 1394 in Norris, Devonshire; † 1476 in Gloucestershire) war ein englischer politischer Schriftsteller in der Renaissance. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Fortescue — Sir John Fortescue (vers 1394 vers 1476), jurisconsulte anglais. Il était en 1442 grand juge du banc du roi. Il jouit de la faveur de Henri VI d Angleterre, qui le nomma chancelier, mais il perdit tout crédit à l avènement d Edouard IV d… … Wikipédia en Français
john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… … Universalium
John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… … Universalium