Forman, Miloš

Forman, Miloš
born Feb. 18, 1932, Cáslav, Czech.

Czech-U.S. film director.

He began his career as a scriptwriter, then directed his first feature film in 1964. Success followed with the ironic comedies Loves of a Blonde (1965) and The Fireman's Ball (1967). He moved to the U.S. in 1969 and successfully applied his light touch to the generation gap in Taking Off (1971), then triumphed with One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975, Academy Award). He directed successful screen adaptations of theE.L. Doctorow novel Ragtime (1981) and the stage play Amadeus (1984, Academy Award); his later films include Valmont (1989) and The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996).

* * *

▪ Czech director
born February 18, 1932, Čáslav, Czechoslovakia [now in Czech Republic]

      Czech New Wave filmmaker known primarily for the distinctly American films that he made after his immigration to the United States.

      Forman grew up in a small town near Prague. Orphaned when his parents, a Jewish professor and a Protestant housewife, died in Nazi concentration camps, he was reared by two uncles and family friends. In the mid-1950s Forman studied at the film school of the University of Prague. Upon graduating he wrote two screenplays, the first of which, Nechte to na mně (“Leave It to Me”), was filmed in 1955 by noted Czech director Martin Frič. Forman in 1957 was himself an assistant director on the second of these screenplays, a situation comedy entitled Stenata (“The Puppies”).

      Throughout the late 1950s and early '60s Forman acted as either writer or assistant director on other films. He directed his first major productions in 1963: Cerný Petr (Black Peter) and Konkurs (Talent Competition). These films had great success both domestically and on the international festival circuit, and Forman was hailed as a major talent of the Czech New Wave. His early films were characterized by their examination of working-class life and their enthusiasm for a socialist lifestyle. These elements are also evident in Lásky jedné plavovlásky (1965; Loves of a Blonde) and Hoří, má panenko (1967; The Firemen's Ball), both of which explored social and moral issues with gentle satire. When Firemen's Ball was banned in Czechoslovakia after the Soviet invasion of 1968, Forman immigrated to the United States.

 His first American film, Taking Off (1971), was the last to incorporate his early themes. Although he clearly demonstrated his mastery of the craft of direction and showed a remarkable ability to work with actors, most of his American films are also bereft of the earlier social concerns that defined his Czech films. In 1975 he directed One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, an independent production that had been turned down by every major studio. It became only the second film in history to win Academy Awards in all the four major categories: best picture, best director, best actor (Jack Nicholson (Nicholson, Jack)), and best actress (Louise Fletcher).

      Forman followed this success with several adaptations, including one of the popular Broadway musical Hair (1979), an epic telling of E.L. Doctorow (Doctorow, E.L.)'s novel set in turn-of-the-century America, Ragtime (1981), and the screen version of the Peter Shaffer play Amadeus (1984). The last film, an exuberant celebration of the genius of Mozart (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus), won the Oscar for best picture and earned Forman his second Oscar for directing.

      With The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996), Forman returned to the theme of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest—the misuse of power within a hopeless and comic bureaucracy. It garnered Academy Award nominations for best director and best actor. In 1999 he directed Man on the Moon, the life story of comedian Andy Kaufman. He followed that with Goya's Ghosts (2006), about painter Francisco de Goya (Goya, Francisco de). With Jan Novák, Forman wrote Turnaround: A Memoir in 1994.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FORMAN, MILOS — (1932– ), Czech American film director. Forman s early years were spent in a town near Prague, where his father was a teacher. Both his parents, including his non Jewish mother, were murdered in Auschwitz. In 1963 he made Black Peter, in 1964,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Forman,Milos — For·man (fôrʹmən, fōrʹ ), Milos. Born 1932. Czech born American filmmaker who won an Academy Award for his direction of One Flew Over the Cuckoo s Nest (1975) and Amadeus (1984). * * * …   Universalium

  • Forman, Miloš — • ФО РМАН (Forman) Милош (р. 18.2.1932)    амер. режиссёр, сценарист. Род. в Чехословакии. В кино с сер. 50 х гг. С 1967 работает в США. Лента Отрыв (1971, пр. Мкф в Канне) и мьюзикл Волосы (1979) выражали настроения амер. молодёжной… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Forman, Milos —    см. Форман, Милош …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Forman, Miloš — ► (n. 1932) Director de cine checo, nacionalizado estadounidense. El éxito vino con sus filmes Cerny Petr y Los amores de una rubia (1965). En E.U.A. rodó Alguien voló sobre el nido del cuco (1975), que obtuvo dos premios Oscar, Hair (1979) y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Forman — Forman, Miloš …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Miloš Forman — at the 44th Karlovy Vary International Film Festival Born Jan Tomáš Forman February 18, 1932 (1932 02 18) (age 79) Čáslav …   Wikipedia

  • Milos Forman — Miloš Forman (* 18. Februar 1932 in Čáslav, Tschechoslowakei; eigentlich Jan Tomáš Forman) ist ein tschechischstämmiger US amerikanischer Regisseur, dessen Arbeiten mit zwei Oscars ausgezeichnet wurden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Milos Forman — Miloš Forman Pour les articles homonymes, voir Forman. Miloš Forman Nom de naissance Jan Tomáš Forman Naissance 18 février 1932 Čáslav …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Milos Formani — Miloš Forman Pour les articles homonymes, voir Forman. Miloš Forman Nom de naissance Jan Tomáš Forman Naissance 18 février 1932 Čáslav …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.