Fontane, Theodor


Fontane, Theodor
born Dec. 30, 1819, Neuruppin, Brandenburg
died Sept. 20, 1898, Berlin

German writer.

He began his career as a journalist and wrote books based on his travels before turning to the novel late in life. Before the Storm (1878) is considered a masterpiece of historical fiction. Effi Briest (1895), known for its superb characterizations and skillful portrayal of his native Brandenburg, is one of his several sympathetic treatments of women in circumscribed domestic lives. He is considered the first master of modern German realism.

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▪ German writer
born Dec. 30, 1819, Neuruppin, Brandenburg
died Sept. 20, 1898, Berlin

      writer who is considered the first master of modern realistic fiction in Germany.

      He began his literary career in 1848 as a journalist, serving for several years in England as correspondent for two Prussian newspapers. From this position he wrote several books on English life, including Ein Sommer in London (1854; “A Summer in London”) and Jenseits des Tweed (1860; Across the Tweed: A Tour of Mid-Victorian Scotland). From 1860 to 1870 he wrote for the conservative newspaper Kreuzzeitung, and between 1862 and 1882 he published a four-volume account of his travels in the March of Brandenburg. He combined historical and anecdotal material with descriptions of the Prussian landscape and the seats of historic families. He also wrote popular ballads, Männer und Helden (1850; “Men and Heroes”) and Balladen (1861; “Ballads”), stirring celebrations of heroic and dramatic events, some drawn from Prussian history.

      Fontane produced his best work after he became the drama critic for the liberal newspaper Vossische Zeitung and was freed from the earlier conservative restraint. Turning to the novel late in life, he wrote, at the age of 56, Vor dem Sturm (1878; Before the Storm), considered to be a masterpiece in the genre of the historical novel. He portrayed the Prussian nobility both critically and sympathetically. His aim was, as he said, “the undistorted reflection of the life we lead.” In several of his novels Fontane also deals with the problem of women's role in domestic life; L'Adultera (1882; The Woman Taken in Adultery), Irrungen, Wirrungen (1888; Delusions, Confusions), Frau Jenny Treibel (1893), and Effi Briest (1895) are among his best. Effi Briest, in particular, is known for its superb characterization and the skillful portrayal of the milieu of Fontane's native Brandenburg. His other major works are Der Stechlin (1899), which is noted for its charming style, and Schach von Wuthenow (1883; A Man of Honor), in which he portrays the weaknesses of the Prussian upper class.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fontane, Theodor — (1819–1898)    A German novelist and poet, Theodor Fontane is usually noted for his comparatively gentle criticisms of the Prussian class system, its social conventions, and of the spirit of German politics after the 1871 establishment of the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Fontane, Theodor — (30 dic. 1819, Neuruppin, Brandeburgo–20 sep. 1898, Berlín). Escritor alemán. Comenzó su carrera como periodista, y escribió libros basados en sus viajes antes de volcarse a la novela en las postrimerías de su existencia. Antes de la tormenta… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theodor Fontane — Theodor Fontane, 1883 (Gemälde von Carl Breitbach) Heinrich Theodor Fontane (* 30. Dezember 1819 in Neuruppin; † 20. September 1898 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller und approbierter Apotheker. Er gilt als bedeutendster deutscher Vertr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodor Fontane — Theodor Fontane. Theodor Fontane (* 30 de diciembre 1819 en Neuruppin † 20 de septiembre 1898 en Berlín) fue un novelista y poeta alemán, considerado el principal exponente del realismo literario en Alemania. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Theodor Fontane — (30 décembre 1819 à Neuruppin 20 septembre 1898 à Berlin) est un écrivain allemand qui a célébré dans ses écrits le charme du Brandebourg provincial. C est l un des principaux représentants allemands du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fontane — Fontane, Theodor, geb. 1819 in Neu Ruppin, lebt in literärischer Thätikeit in Berlin; er schr.: Männer u. Helden (Preußenlieder), Berl. 1850: Von der schönen Rosamunde, Dessau 1850, 2. Aufl, 1853; Gedichte, Berl. 1851; Ein Sommer in London,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fontane — (Theodor) (1819 1898) auteur allemand de romans réalistes: Dédales (1887), Effi Briest (1895) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Theodor Fontane — Infobox Person name = Theodor Fontane caption = | birth date = birth date|1819|12|30|df=y birth place = Neuruppin death date = death date and age|1898|9|20|1819|12|30|df=y death place = Berlin Theodor Fontane (IPA2|ˈtʰeodoɐ̯ fɔnˈtaːnə; December… …   Wikipedia

  • Fontane Effi Briest oder Viele, die eine Ahnung haben von ihren Möglichkeiten und ihren Bedürfnissen und dennoch das herrschende System in ihrem Kopf akzeptieren durch ihre Taten und es somit festigen und durchaus bestätigen — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Fontane Effi Briest Originaltitel: Fontane Effi Briest Produktionsland: Deutschland Erscheinungsjahr: 1974 Länge: 140 Minuten Originalsprache: Deutsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fontäne — Springbrunnen * * * Fon|tä|ne [fɔn tɛ:nə], die; , n: a) aufsteigender starker Wasserstrahl [eines Springbrunnens]: aus dem Wasserbecken stieg eine hohe Fontäne auf. b) Springbrunnen mit starkem Wasserstrahl: im Schlossgarten stand eine barocke… …   Universal-Lexikon


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