- Five Pecks of Rice
Daoist-inspired popular movement that occurred near the end of China's Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220) and greatly weakened the government.It became a prototype of the religiously inspired popular rebellions that were to erupt periodically in China throughout its history. Its founder, Zhang Daoling, is considered the first patriarch of the Daoist church in China. He was originally a faith healer, and the movement's name came from the five pecks of rice a year that clients paid him for their cure or as dues to the cult. During a time of poverty and misery, Zhang's grandson Zhang Lu set up an independent theocratic state that grew to encompass all of present-day Sichuan province. In AD 215 Zhang Lu surrendered to Cao Cao. See also Daoism; White Lotus; Yellow Turbans.
* * *▪ Chinese historygreat Daoist (Daoism)-inspired popular movement that occurred near the end of China's Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) and greatly weakened the government. The Five Pecks of Rice movement became a prototype of the religiously inspired popular rebellions that were to periodically erupt throughout China for the next 2,000 years.The movement was begun early in the 2nd century CE by Zhang Ling (Chang Ling), considered the founder and first patriarch of Daoism in China. Zhang began his career as a faith healer, and his movement took the name of the five pecks of rice a year that clients paid him either for their cure or as dues of the cult. Zhang was succeeded as tianshi (“celestial master”) by his son Zhang Heng, who was in turn succeeded by his son Zhang Lu.By Zhang Lu's time, poverty and misery had become endemic to the peasantry of central China. Taking advantage of the resulting discontent, Zhang Lu formed his own army and set up an independent theocratic state, which established free wayside inns for travelers, dealt leniently with criminals, and promoted the spread of the Daoist religion. In developing this state, Zhang Lu was joined by another Daoist leader, Zhang Xiu (no relation). Together they managed to extend the rebellion until it covered most of present-day Sichuan province. But the two leaders eventually came into conflict with each other, and Zhang Lu killed Zhang Xiu. In 215 CE Zhang Lu surrendered to the great Han general Cao Cao, who rewarded him with high rank and a princely fief.
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
rice — /ruys/, n., v., riced, ricing. n. 1. the starchy seeds or grain of an annual marsh grass, Oryza sativa, cultivated in warm climates and used for food. 2. the grass itself. v.t. 3. to reduce to a form resembling rice: to rice potatoes. [1200 50;… … Universalium
Rice — /ruys/, n. 1. Anne, born 1941, U.S. novelist. 2. Dan (Daniel McLaren), 1823 1900, U.S. circus clown, circus owner, and Union patriot. 3. Elmer, 1892 1967, U.S. playwright. 4. Grantland /grant leuhnd/, 1880 1954, U.S. journalist. * * * I Edible… … Universalium
five — /fuyv/, n. 1. a cardinal number, four plus one. 2. a symbol for this number, as 5 or V. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. a playing card, die face, or half of a domino face with five pips. 5. Informal. a five dollar bill: Can you give… … Universalium
Han Dynasty — 漢朝 ← 206 BCE–220 CE … Wikipedia
Society and culture of the Han Dynasty — A Western Han jade carved door knocker with designs of Chinese dragons (and two other jade figurines) The Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) was a period of ancient China divided by the Western Han (206 BCE – 9 CE) and Eastern Han (25–220 CE) periods … Wikipedia
List of rebellions in China — This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. This is a list of major rebellions that have occurred in China from 209 BCE to present times. Contents 1 Daze Village Uprising 2 Rebellion of the Seven States … Wikipedia
Daoism — or Taoism Major Chinese religio philosophical tradition. Though the concept of dao was employed by all Chinese schools of thought, Daoism arose out of the promotion of dao as the social ideal. Laozi is traditionally regarded as the founder of… … Universalium
Way of the Celestial Masters — Tianshi Dao (Simplified Chinese:天师道, Traditional Chinese: 天師道, pinyin: Tiān Shī Dào) or Way of the Celestial Masters is a Chinese Daoist movement that was founded by Zhang Daoling in 142 CE. At its height, the movement controlled a theocratic… … Wikipedia
Taoism — Taoist, n., adj. Taoistic, adj. /dow iz euhm, tow /, n. 1. the philosophical system evolved by Lao tzu and Chuang tzu, advocating a life of complete simplicity and naturalness and of noninterference with the course of natural events, in order to… … Universalium
Zhang Daoling — For other people named Zhang Ling, see Zhang Ling (disambiguation). Zhang Daoling Zhang Daoling as pictured in Myths and Legends of China by E. T. C. Werner Born 34 Died … Wikipedia