- Fiordland National Park
Park, southern South Island, New Zealand.Established in 1952, it is one of the largest national parks in the world, with an area of 4,834 sq mi (12,519 sq km). It is renowned for the grandeur of its fjords, mountains, forests, waterfalls, and lakes. The park is bordered by mountains on the east and by the Tasman Sea on all other sides. It is the site of Sutherland Falls, one of the highest waterfalls in the world, which drops 1,904 ft (580 m) in three cascades.
* * *scenic natural area in the southernmost part of South Island, New Zealand. Established as a reserve in 1904, it was designated a national park in 1952. It covers an area of some 4,600 square miles (12,000 square km), making it one of the largest national parks in the world. Fiordland, along with nearby Mount Aspiring (Mount Aspiring National Park), Mount Cook (Mount Cook National Park), and Westland (Westland National Park) national parks, collectively constitute Te Wahipounamu (South West New Zealand), which was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990.The park is renowned for the rugged grandeur of its fjords (fiords), mountains, forests, waterfalls, and lakes, including Lake Hauroko, New Zealand's deepest lake. The park is bordered by the Humboldt, Livingstone, and Takitimu mountains on the east and by the Tasman Sea on all other sides. Lakes Te Anau (Te Anau, Lake) and Manapouri are used to generate hydroelectric power. There are limestone caves, and Sutherland Falls, one of the highest waterfalls in the world, drops 1,904 feet (580 metres) in three cascades. On the lower slopes of the mountains there is a rich cover of dense temperate rainforest. Red, silver, and mountain beech are common in the park; other trees include the coniferous rimu, miro, kahikatea, and totara, as well as kamahi (Weinmannia racemosa) and other broad-leaved species. Among the populations of birds found there are the rare flightless takahe and kakapo (a species of parrot), both once thought to be extinct, and bush robins, tits, fantails, parakeets, warblers, tuis, and many other varieties. Opossum and stoat, introduced into the park, are now a menace to other wildlife. Hunting is encouraged to control red deer and wapiti, both also introduced species. Dolphins, seals, and penguins inhabit the fjords and coastal areas.Access to the park is limited largely to hiking trails and the lakes; there is also a road to Milford Sound, and scenic flying trips are offered. The main entry point is at Te Anau, which also has park headquarters. Aquatic sports and fishing are popular recreational activities, as are hiking, mountaineering, and rock climbing.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Fiordland National Park — Fiordland Nationalpark Milford Sound … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fiordland National Park — Infobox protected area name = Fiordland National Park iucn category = II caption = Map of New Zealand locator x = 80 locator y = 182 location = Southland, New Zealand nearest city = Te Anau, New Zealand lat degrees = 45 lat minutes = 25 lat… … Wikipedia
Westland National Park — ▪ park, New Zealand park in west central South Island, New Zealand. Established in 1960, it shares a common boundary with Mount Cook National Park along the main divide of the Southern Alps. With an area of 454 square miles (1,175 square… … Universalium
Tongariro National Park — Daten und Fakten Gründung: 23. September 1887 (Schenkung) Oktober 1894 (Nationalpark) Lage: Nordinsel Neuseelands Höhenlage: 500 m bis 2.797 m ü. NN … Deutsch Wikipedia
Westland National Park — Daten und Fakten Gründung: 1960 Lage: Neuseeland, Südinsel Höhenlage: 0 m bis 3498 m über Meeresspiegel Fläche: 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tongariro National Park — Parc national de Tongariro Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tongariro. Parc national de Tongariro 1 Patrimoine mondial de l humanité établi par l UNESCO … Wikipédia en Français
Paparoa National Park — Daten und Fakten Gründung: 1987 Lage: Neuseeland, Südinsel Höhenlage: Meereshöhe bis ? Fläche: 300 km² Landschaftstyp: Küsten, Flusstäler, Laubwald, Hochgebirge … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rakiura National Park — Daten und Fakten Gründung: 2002 Lage: Neuseeland Stewartinsel Höhenlage: Meereshöhe bis 981 m ü. NN Fläche: 1.570 km² … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kahurangi National Park — Daten und Fakten Gründung: 1996 Lage: Neuseeland, Südinsel Höhenlage: ? bis ? Fläche: 4520 km² Landschaftstyp: Gebirge, Regenwald … Deutsch Wikipedia
Whanganui National Park — Daten und Fakten Gründung: 1986 Lage: Neuseeland Nordinsel Höhenlage: 500 bis 746 m ü. NN Fläche: 742 km² … Deutsch Wikipedia