- Fergana Valley
or Fergana BasinLarge valley, western Central Asia.It is mainly in eastern Uzbekistan and partly in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and is situated between the Tien Shan system and the smaller Gissar and Alay ranges. It has an area of 8,500 sq mi (22,000 sq km). One of the most densely populated areas of Central Asia, it is a major producer of cotton, fruit, and raw silk. Among the mineral deposits exploited are coal, petroleum, and mercury. It was conquered by the Arabs (8th century AD), Genghis Khan (13th century), and Timur (14th century). The khans of Kokand (see Qoqon) ruled it from the late 18th century until it was absorbed by the Russian Empire in 1876.
* * *Tajik and Uzbek Farghonaenormous depression between the Tien Shan and Gissar and Alay mountain systems, lying mainly in eastern Uzbekistan and partly in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The roughly triangular valley has an area of 8,500 square miles (22,000 square km). It is bordered on the northwest by the Chatkal and Kurama mountains, on the northeast by the Fergana Mountains, and on the south by the Alay and Turkistan ranges, which rise to more than 16,500 feet (5,000 m). In the west it is linked to the Mirzachül (Myrzashöl) steppe by the narrow Khujand Gates.The valley was formed millions of years ago, and its floor, which slopes gently from an elevation of 3,300 feet (1,000 m) or more in the east to 1,050 feet (320 m) at Khujand, is composed of a thick bed of deposits brought down from the surrounding mountains. At the foot of the latter, and separated from them in places by a depression, is a belt of low, barren hills, called adyr. The numerous rivers descending from the mountains cut through the adyr zone to irrigate an almost unbroken chain of fertile oases that surround an area of salt marshes and sand dunes in the lowest part of the valley. The climate is continental, with moderately cold winters and hot summers, and precipitation is low, particularly in the western part of the valley. The main river is the Syr Darya, which flows along the northern edge of the valley. Most of the other rivers are entirely used for irrigation, and there are several major irrigation canals, including the Great (Bolshoy), Southern (Yuzhny), and Northern (Severny) Fergana canals.The Fergana Valley is one of the most densely populated areas of Central Asia and is a major producer of cotton, fruit, and raw silk. Among the mineral deposits that are exploited are coal, oil, mercury, antimony, and ozocerite. The chief cities are Khujand, Kokand (Quqŏn), Fergana, Marghilon (Margilon), Andijon, and Namangan. Sedentary agriculture has been practiced for many centuries in the Fergana Valley, which also lay on one of the main trade routes to China. The valley was conquered by the Arabs in the 8th century, by Genghis Khan in the 13th, and by Timur (Tamerlane) in the 14th. The khans of Kokand ruled it from the late 18th century until it was taken by Russia in 1876.
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Fergana Valley — The Fergana Valley or Farghana Valley ( uz. Farg‘ona vodiysi, Kyrgyz: Фергана өрөөнү, Tajik: водии Фaрғонa, ru. Ферганская долина, fa. دشت فرغانه) is a region in Central Asia spreading across eastern Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan..… … Wikipedia
Fergana — Farg ona / Фарғона Fergana … Wikipedia
Fergana — /fer gah neuh, feuhr /; Russ. /fyirdd gu nah /, n. a city in E Uzbekistan, SE of Tashkent. 176,000. Formerly, Skobelev. * * * ▪ Uzbekistan also spelled Ferghana , Uzbek Farghona , formerly (until 1910) Novy Margelan , or (1910–24) Skobelev … … Universalium
Fergana Province — Geobox Region name = Fergana Province native name = other name = Farg‘ona viloyati other name1 = category = image size = image caption = flag size = symbol = symbol size = country = Uzbekistan state = region = district = capital = Fergana capital … Wikipedia
valley — valleylike, adj. /val ee/, n., pl. valleys. 1. an elongated depression between uplands, hills, or mountains, esp. one following the course of a stream. 2. an extensive, more or less flat, and relatively low region drained by a great river system … Universalium
Fergana — geographical name valley W central Asia in the Tian Shan in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, & Uzbekistan SE of Tashkent … New Collegiate Dictionary
Great Fergana Canal — The Great Fergana Canal was constructed in 1939 by 160,000 Uzbek and Tadzhik workers, and is 270 kilometers long. The main purpose of this canal was to irrigate the cotton fields of the Fergana Valley by the waters of Syr Darya River. References… … Wikipedia
Uzbekistan — /ooz bek euh stan , stahn , uz /, n. a republic in S central Asia. 23,860,452; 172,741 sq. mi. (447,400 sq. km). Cap.: Tashkent. Formerly, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. * * * Uzbekistan Introduction Uzbekistan Background: Russia conquered… … Universalium
Tien Shan — /tyen shahn / a mountain range in central Asia, in China and Kirghizia. Highest peak, Pobeda Peak, 24,406 ft. (7439 m). Also, Tian Shan. * * * Chinese Tian Shan or T ien Shan ( Celestial Mountains ) Mountain chain, Central Asia. Lying mainly in… … Universalium
Kyrgyzstan — /kir gi stahn /, n. official name of Kirghizia. * * * Kyrgyzstan Introduction Kyrgyzstan Background: A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, Kyrgyzstan was annexed by Russia in 1864; it achieved… … Universalium