Federal style


Federal style
Neoclassical style of American architecture and interior design that flourished 1785–1820 (later in governmental buildings) and was influenced by the Georgian style and the work of James and Robert Adam.

Inspired by the Roman republic, which the new nation believed it resembled, it was especially associated with Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin H. Latrobe. Characteristics include shallow arches, slender proportions, delicate decoration, and symmetry; entrances are often framed by columns and pediments, with a fanlight over the door. The University of Virginia (1817–26) was Jefferson's greatest Federal-style project.

* * *

      American revival of Roman architecture, especially associated with Thomas Jefferson (Jefferson, Thomas) and Benjamin Latrobe (Latrobe, Benjamin). It flourished from 1785 to 1820 and later in governmental building. The Federal style had definite philosophical ties to the concept of Rome as the republic that the new American country thought it reflected.

      Jefferson suggested the Maison Carrée (a Roman temple of the 1st century BC in Nîmes, Fr.) and used it as the model for the Capitol Building at Richmond, Va. (1785–89), the first American public building to be modeled on a Roman temple in its entirety. Although adaptations for usage were made, the basic format and exterior appearance are similar to the original. The University of Virginia (Virginia, University of) (1817–26) was Jefferson's greatest Federal-style project. The rotunda, or library, of the university was derived from the Pantheon in Rome. Through the excellent example of his buildings, Jefferson established a direction for the Federal style and, by his official position as president of the United States, got the project for a new Federal-style capital city under way.

      The later work of William Thornton shows the influence of Jefferson's correct classicism. The other important architect to come under the direct personal influence of Jefferson was Benjamin Latrobe, who built the Roman Catholic cathedral of Baltimore, one of the most impressive examples of the Federal style in the United States. Finally, Latrobe was called to Washington to supervise the construction of the Capitol (Capitol, United States) and undertook the largest project of the late Federal style.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Federal Style —   [ fedərəl staɪl] der, , Baustil der amerikanischen Architektur, der sich, von englischen Vorbildern (Georgian Style) ausgehend, ab etwa 1780 entwickelte und bis etwa 1825 vorherrschte. Er löste den Kolonialstil ab. Die Häuser sind vorwiegend… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • FEDERAL STYLE —    The Federal style of architecture correlates with the Federal period of U.S. history, when, between 1783 and 1815, the Revolutionary War ended and the Constitution and Bill of Rights were written. Architecture of this period drew upon… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Federal Style — Das Gebäude der Rockport National Bank ist typisch für den Federal Style Massachusetts State Capitol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Federal architecture — Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. The period is associated with the early Republic, and the establishment of the national institutions of the United States. This same… …   Wikipedia

  • Federal Hall — Infobox Protected area name = Federal Hall National Memorial iucn category = V caption = location = New York, NY nearest city = lat degrees = 40 lat minutes = 42 lat seconds = 26 lat direction = N long degrees = 74 long minutes = 0 long seconds …   Wikipedia

  • style — styleless, adj. stylelessness, n. stylelike, adj. /stuyl/, n., v. styled, styling. n. 1. a particular kind, sort, or type, as with reference to form, appearance, or character: the baroque style; The style of the house was too austere for their… …   Universalium

  • federal — federally, adv. federalness, n. /fed euhr euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of a union of states under a central government distinct from the individual governments of the separate states: the federal government of the U.S. 2. of,… …   Universalium

  • Federal Building and Post Office (Brooklyn) — Federal Building and Post Office U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Style federal — Style fédéral Le style fédéral est un style architectural qui s est développé aux États Unis entre 1780 et 1830. Il prit la place du style géorgien et reprend les thèmes et les formes du néoclassicisme. La décoration (ellipse, aigle) est minimale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas — building The Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas covers the Eleventh Federal Reserve District, which includes Texas, northern Louisiana and southern New Mexico. The Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas is one of 12 regional Reserve Banks that, along with… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.