Fallopius, Gabriel


Fallopius, Gabriel
Italian Gabriello Fallopio

born 1523, Modena
died Oct. 9, 1562, Padua

Italian anatomist.

He contributed greatly to knowledge of the ear and reproductive system. His observations of the dissection of cadavers are outlined in Observationes anatomicae (1561). He discovered the fallopian tubes, which connect the ovaries to the uterus, and several major nerves of the head and face. He described the semicircular canals in the ear and named the vagina, placenta, clitoris, palate, and cochlea. He and Andreas Vesalius overturned many of Galen's principles, a development essential to Renaissance medicine.

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▪ Italian physician
Italian  Gabriello Fallopio  or  Gabriello Fallopia  
born 1523, Modena [Italy]
died Oct. 9, 1562, Padua
 the most illustrious of 16th-century Italian anatomists, who contributed greatly to early knowledge of the ear and of the reproductive organs.

      Fallopius served as canon of the cathedral of Modena and then turned to the study of medicine (medicine, history of) at the University of Ferrara, where he became a teacher of anatomy. He then held positions at the University of Pisa (1548–51) and at Padua (1551–62). His exhaustive observations, made during dissection of human cadavers and outlined in Observationes anatomicae (1561), earned him the respect and admiration of his colleagues, including the great Renaissance anatomist Andreas Vesalius.

      Fallopius discovered the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus (now known as fallopian tubes (fallopian tube)) and several major nerves of the head and face. He described the semicircular canals of the inner ear (responsible for maintaining body equilibrium) and named the vagina, placenta, clitoris, palate, and cochlea (the snail-shaped organ of hearing in the inner ear). A friend and supporter of Vesalius, he joined him in a vigorous assault on the principles of the classic Greek anatomist Galen, which resulted in a shift of attitude essential to the development of Renaissance medicine.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FALLOPIUS Gabriel — vide Gabriel …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Gabriel — /gay bree euhl/, n. 1. one of the archangels, appearing usually as a divine messenger. Dan. 8:16, 9:21; Luke 1:19, 26. 2. Islam. the angel of revelation and the intermediary between God and Muhammad. 3. a male given name. * * * I In the Bible and …   Universalium

  • GABRIEL Fallopius — Mutinensis, insignis Medicus, Anatomicus praecipue docuit Patavii, ubi obiit A. C. 1562. Opera eius libb. 3. prostant. Thuan. Hist. l. 32. Vide quoqueve Iac. Phil. Thomasium et Anton. Teissier Elogiis ubi 73. Annum Aet. attigisse, contra Thuanum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Gabriel Falopio — Nacimiento 1523 Módena Fallecimiento 9 de octubre de 1562 P …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabriel Fallopio — Gabriele Falloppio, Porträt eines unbekannten Künstler aus dem 16. Jahrhundert Gabriele Falloppio (auch Fallopio; * 1523 in Modena; † 9. Oktober 1562 in Padua) war ein italienischer Anatom und Chirurg. Besser bekannt ist er unter seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fallopius — n. family name; Gabriel Fallopius, Gabriello Fallopio (1523 1562), Italian physician and anatomist who discovered the Fallopian tubes and other elements of the female reproductive system …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Gabriel Fallope — Gabriele Falloppio Gabriele Falloppio ou Gabriele Falloppia (né v. 1523 à Modène mort le 9 octobre 1562 à Padoue), connu dans les lettres françaises sous le nom de Gabriel Fallope et connu dans la République des Lettres sous son nom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabriel Fallopius — n. Gabriello Fallopio (1523 1562), Italian physician and anatomist who discovered the Fallopian tubes and other elements of the female reproductive system …   English contemporary dictionary

  • aqueduct of fallopius — fəˈlōpēəs Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: translation of New Latin aquaeductus Fallopii, after Gabriel Fallopius more at fallopian tube : facial canal …   Useful english dictionary

  • birth control — regulation of the number of children born through the deliberate control or prevention of conception. Cf. family planning (def. 1). [1914, Amer.] * * * Voluntary limiting of human reproduction, using such means as contraception, sexual abstinence …   Universalium


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