- Espíritu Santo
Island, northwestern Vanuatu, South Pacific Ocean.Vanuatu's largest island, Espíritu Santo is 76 mi (122 km) long and 45 mi (72 km) wide and covers 1,420 sq mi (3,677 sq km). Volcanic in origin, it has a mountain range running along its western coast; Mount Tabwémasana rises to 6,165 ft (1,879 m). It is heavily wooded and has broad, fertile, well-watered valleys. Agriculturally developed, its principal settlement is Luganville (Santo) on the southeastern coast.
* * *largest (1,420 square miles [3,677 square km]) and westernmost island of Vanuatu, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Volcanic in origin, it has a mountain range running along its west coast; Tabwémasana rises to 6,165 feet (1,879 metres), the highest point in Vanuatu. The island is heavily wooded and has broad fertile, well-watered valleys. The island was sighted in 1606 by the Portuguese navigator Pedro Fernández de Quirós, who, believing he had discovered the terra australis incognita (Latin: “unknown southern land”) that he was seeking for the Spanish crown, called it Tierra Austrialia del Espíritu Santo; Austrialia was a word Quirós coined to refer both to the Latin terra australis and to Spain's (Austrian-German) Habsburg (Habsburg, House of) rulers; Espíritu Santo is Spanish for “Holy Spirit.” Quirós established a short-lived settlement at the head of St. Philip and St. James Bay (now Big Bay).Hog Harbour, on the northeast coast, is the site of the former British district administration. The former French administrative centre was on the south coast near Luganville, the second largest town of Vanuatu, which has a deepwater port and an airport. Luganville was an important Allied military base during World War II. Exports include copra, coffee, cacao, canned meat, and tuna. Tourism gained importance in the late 20th century; divers are particularly attracted by the Segond Channel, which contains ships scuttled by the Allies at the end of World War II.
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Espíritu Santo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la isla del mismo nombre, véase Espíritu Santo (isla) … Wikipedia Español
Espiritu Santo — Karte: Espíritu Santo Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgruppe Neue Hebriden … Deutsch Wikipedia
Espíritu Santo — V. Santo … Encyclopédie Universelle
Espiritu Santo — Infobox Islands name =Espiritu Santo image caption =Map of Espiritu Santo locator native name = native name link = location=Sanma Province, Vanuatu coordinates=coord|15.39|S|166.85|E archipelago = New Hebrides total islands = major islands = area … Wikipedia
Espiritu Santo — Pour l’île mexicaine de Baja California, voir Espíritu Santo. Espiritu Santo Carte d’Espiritu Santo. Géographie Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Espíritu Santo — Pour pour l île principale du Vanuatu, voir Espiritu Santo. Espíritu Santo Isla Espíritu Santo (es) … Wikipédia en Français
Espíritu Santo — En la teología cristiana trinitaria, se denomina Espíritu Santo a una entidad con características divinas, o relacionada con Dios. Para la Iglesia Católica y gran parte de las otras denominaciones cristianas, el Espíritu Santo es una de las tres… … Enciclopedia Universal
Espiritu Santo — Espịritu Santo [ sɑːntəʊ], die größte Insel von Vanuatu (Neue Hebriden), im Südwestpazifik, vulkanischen Ursprungs, 3 677 km2, 15 400 Einwohner (mit Nebeninseln); erreicht im Mount Tabwémasana 1 879 m über dem Meeresspiegel. Die Insel ist… … Universal-Lexikon
Espíritu Santo — geographical name island SW Pacific in NW Vanuatu; largest in the group area 1420 square miles (3678 square kilometers), population 22,663 … New Collegiate Dictionary
ESPIRITU SANTO — (1) a small and swampy maritime province of Brazil (121), lying on the N. border of Rio de Janeiro; does some trade in timber, cotton, coffee, and sugar; Victoria is the capital; (2) a town (32) in central Cuba; (3) the largest of the NEW… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia